Thriller (album)


Thriller (album)
Thriller
Studio album by Michael Jackson
Released November 30, 1982 (1982-11-30)
Recorded April 14 – November 8, 1982
Westlake Recording Studios
(Los Angeles, California)
Genre Pop, R&B, rock, funk
Length 42:19
Label Epic
EK-38112
Producer Quincy Jones
Michael Jackson (co-producer)
Michael Jackson chronology
E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial
(1982)
Thriller
(1982)
Bad
(1987)
Singles from Thriller
  1. "The Girl Is Mine"
    Released: October 18, 1982
  2. "Billie Jean"
    Released: January 3, 1983
  3. "Beat It"
    Released: February 14, 1983
  4. "Wanna Be Startin' Somethin'"
    Released: May 8, 1983
  5. "Human Nature"
    Released: July 3, 1983
  6. "P.Y.T. (Pretty Young Thing)"
    Released: September 19, 1983
  7. "Thriller"
    Released: January 23, 1984

Thriller is the sixth studio album by American recording artist Michael Jackson. It was released on November 30, 1982, by Epic Records as the follow-up to Jackson's critically and commercially successful 1979 album Off the Wall. Thriller explores similar genres to those of Off the Wall, including pop, R&B, rock and post-disco music.[1][2]

Recording sessions took place between April and November 1982 at Westlake Recording Studios in Los Angeles, California, with a production budget of $750,000, assisted by producer Quincy Jones. Of the nine tracks on the album, 4 of them were written by Jackson himself. Seven singles were released from the album, all of which reached the top 10 on the Billboard Hot 100. "Baby Be Mine" and "The Lady in My Life" were the only tracks that were not released as singles. In just over a year, Thriller became—and currently remains—the best-selling album of all time, with 110 million copies worldwide[3][4], and is also tied for the best-selling album in the United States.[5] The album won a record-breaking eight Grammy Awards at the 1984 Grammys.

Thriller enabled Jackson to break down racial barriers via his appearances on MTV and meeting with President Ronald Reagan at the White House. The album was one of the first to use music videos as successful promotional tools—the videos for "Thriller", "Billie Jean" and "Beat It" all received regular rotation on MTV. In 2001, a special edition issue of the album was released, which contains additional audio interviews, a demo recording and the song "Someone In the Dark", which was a Grammy-winning track from the E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial storybook.[6] In 2008, the album was reissued again as Thriller 25, containing re-mixes that feature contemporary artists, a previously unreleased song and a DVD.

Thriller ranked number 20 on Rolling Stone magazine's 500 Greatest Albums of All Time list in 2003,[7] and was listed by the National Association of Recording Merchandisers at number three in its Definitive 200 Albums of All Time. The Thriller video was preserved by the Library of Congress to the National Recording Registry, as it was deemed "culturally significant".

Contents

Background

Jackson's previous album Off the Wall (1979) received strong critical acclaim[8][9] and was also a commercial success, eventually selling over 20 million copies worldwide.[10] The years between Off the Wall and Thriller were a transitional period for the singer, a time of increasing independence.[11] The period saw the singer become deeply unhappy; Jackson explained, "Even at home, I'm lonely. I sit in my room sometimes and cry. It's so hard to make friends ... I sometimes walk around the neighborhood at night, just hoping to find someone to talk to. But I just end up coming home." [12] When Jackson turned 21 in August 1979, he hired John Branca as his manager.[13]

Jackson confided in Branca that he wanted to be "the biggest star in show business" and "the wealthiest". The singer was upset about what he perceived to be the under-performance of Off the Wall, stating, "It was totally unfair that it didn't get Record of the Year and it can never happen again."[14] He also felt undervalued by the music industry; in 1980 when Jackson asked the publicist of Rolling Stone if they would be interested in doing a cover story on him, the publicist declined, to which Jackson responded, "I've been told over and over that black people on the cover of magazines doesn't sell copies ... Just wait. Someday those magazines are going to be begging me for an interview. Maybe I'll give them one. And maybe I won't."[14]

Recording

Quincy Jones continued his collaboration with Jackson by producing Thriller

Jackson reunited with Off the Wall producer Quincy Jones to record his sixth studio album. The pair worked together on 30 songs, nine of which were eventually included.[15] Thriller was recorded at Westlake Recording Studios in Los Angeles, California, with a production budget of $750,000. The recording for Thriller commenced on April 14, 1982 at 12:00 noon with Jackson and Paul McCartney recording "The Girl Is Mine", and the album was completed with the final day of mixing on November 8, 1982.[16] Several members of the band Toto were also involved in the album's recording and production.[15] Jackson wrote four songs for the record: "Wanna Be Startin' Somethin'", "The Girl Is Mine", "Beat It" and "Billie Jean".[17] Unlike many artists, Jackson did not write these songs on paper. Instead, he would dictate into a sound recorder; when recording he would sing from memory.[18][19]

The relationship between Jackson and Jones became strained during the album's recording. Jackson spent much of his time rehearsing dance steps alone.[19] When the album's nine songs were completed, both Jones and Jackson were unhappy with the result and remixed every song, spending a week on each.[19]

Jackson was inspired to create an album where "every song was a killer," and developed Thriller with that in mind.[20][21] Jones and songwriter Rod Temperton gave detailed accounts of what occurred for the 2001 reissue of the album. Jones discussed "Billie Jean" and why it was so personal to Jackson, who struggled to deal with a number of obsessed fans. Jones wanted the long introduction on the song to be shortened; however, Jackson insisted that it remain because it made him want to dance.[17] The ongoing backlash against disco made it necessary to move in a different musical direction from the disco-heavy Off the Wall.[21] Jones and Jackson were determined to make a rock song that would appeal to all tastes and spent weeks looking for a suitable guitarist for the song "Beat It", a song Jackson wrote. Eventually, they found Eddie Van Halen of the rock band Van Halen.[17][19]

When Rod Temperton wrote the song "Thriller", he originally wanted to call it "Starlight" or "Midnight Man" but settled on "Thriller" because he felt the name had merchandising potential.[19] Always wanting a notable person to recite the closing lyrics, Jones brought in actor Vincent Price who was an acquaintance of Jones' wife, who completed his part in just two takes. Temperton wrote the spoken portion in a taxi on the way to the recording studio. Jones and Temperton said that some recordings were left off the final cut because they did not have the "edginess" of other album tracks.[17]

Songs recorded by Jackson for consideration included "Carousel" (written by Michael Sembello), "Nite Line" (written by Glen Ballard), "Trouble" (aka "She's Trouble", written by Terry Britten, Bill Livsey and Sue Shifrin) and "Hot Street" (written by Rod Temperton, and aka "Slapstick"). Jackson also cut a version of "Starlight". Demos of all these songs exist and have leaked onto the internet. "Carousel" and "Hot Street" were completed but left off the final version of the album. A short clip of "Carousel" appeared as a bonus track on the 2001 reissue of the album.

Composition

According to Steve Huey of Allmusic, Thriller refined the strengths of Jackson's previous album Off the Wall; the dance and rock tracks were more aggressive, while the pop tunes and ballads were softer and more soulful.[25] The album includes the ballads "The Lady in My Life", "Human Nature", and "The Girl Is Mine"; the funk pieces "Billie Jean" and "Wanna Be Startin' Somethin'"; and the disco set "Baby Be Mine" and "P.Y.T. (Pretty Young Thing)"[23][25][26][27] and has a similar sound to the material on Off the Wall. "Wanna Be Startin' Somethin'" is accompanied by a bass and percussion background and the song's centerpiece, a climaxing African-inspired chant (often misidentified as Swahili, but actually syllables based on Duala),[28] gave the song an international flavor.[29] "The Girl Is Mine" tells of two friends' fight over a woman, arguing over who loves her more and concludes with a spoken rap.[19][29]

Despite the light pop flavor of these two records, Thriller, more so than Off the Wall, displayed foreshadowings of the contradictory thematic elements that would come to characterize Jackson's later work.[30] With Thriller, Jackson would begin his association with the subliminal motif of paranoia and darker themes, including supernatural imagery in the album's title track.[23] This is evident on the songs "Billie Jean", "Wanna Be Startin' Somethin'" and "Thriller".[26] In "Billie Jean", Jackson sings about an obsessive fan who alleges he has fathered a child of hers; in "Wanna Be Startin' Somethin'" he argues against gossips and the media.[23][25] In the former song, Jones had Jackson sing vocal overdubs through a six-foot-long cardboard tube, and brought in jazz saxophonist Tom Scott to play a rare instrument, the lyricon, a wind-controlled analog synthesizer. Bassist Louis Johnson ran through his part on a Yamaha bass guitar. The song opens with a long bass-and-drums introduction.[31] In the song "Thriller", sound effects such as creaking door, thunder, feet walking on wooden planks, winds and howling dogs can be heard.[19]

The anti-gang-violence "Beat It" became a homage to West Side Story, and was Jackson's first successful rock cross-over piece.[25][32] Jackson later said of "Beat It", "the point is no one has to be the tough guy, you can walk away from a fight and still be a man. You don't have to die to prove you're a man".[29] "Human Nature" is moody and introspective, as conveyed in lyrics such as, "Looking out, across the morning, the City's heart begins to beat, reaching out, I touch her shoulder, I'm dreaming of the street".[29]

By the late 1970s, Jackson's abilities as a vocalist were well regarded; Allmusic described him as a "blindingly gifted vocalist".[8] Rolling Stone compared his vocals to the "breathless, dreamy stutter" of Stevie Wonder. Their analysis was also that "Jackson's feathery-timbred tenor is extraordinary beautiful. It slides smoothly into a startling falsetto that's used very daringly".[9] With the release of Thriller, Jackson could sing low—down to a basso low C—but he preferred to sing higher because pop tenors have more range to create style.[33] Rolling Stone was of the opinion that Jackson was now singing in a "fully adult voice" that was "tinged by sadness".[34] "P.Y.T. (Pretty Young Thing)", credited to James Ingram and Quincy Jones, and "The Lady in My Life" by Rod Temperton, both gave the album a stronger R&B direction; the latter song was described as "the closest Jackson has come to crooning a sexy, soulful ballad after his Motown years" by Taraborrelli.[29] The singer had already adopted a "vocal hiccup" which he continued to implement in Thriller. The purpose of the hiccup—somewhat like a gulping for air or gasping—is to help promote a certain emotion; be it excitement, sadness or fear.[35]

Release and reception

Professional ratings
Review scores
Source Rating
Allmusic 5/5 stars[26]
Robert Christgau (A)[36]
The Daily Telegraph (favorable)[37]
Melody Maker (unfavorable)[38]
The New York Times (favorable)[39]
Q 5/5 stars[40]
Rolling Stone 4/5 stars[23]
Slant Magazine 5/5 stars[27]
Stylus Magazine (favorable)[41]

Thriller was released on November 30, 1982, and sold one million copies worldwide per week at its peak.[33] Seven singles were released from the album, including "The Girl Is Mine"—which was seen as a poor choice for the lead release and led some to believe that the album would be a disappointment, and to suggestions that Jackson was bowing to a white audience.[29] "The Girl Is Mine" was followed by the hit single "Billie Jean", which made Thriller a chart-topper.[42][43] Success continued with the single "Beat It", which featured guitarists Eddie Van Halen and Steve Lukather.[44] The title track "Thriller" was released as a single and also became a hit internationally.[29]

Thriller was mostly well received by critics. A four-star Rolling Stone review by Christopher Connelly described it as "a zesty LP" with a "harrowing, dark message". Despite the positive response, the title track came under strong criticism. Rolling Stone expressed a negative sentiment, criticizing its "degenerat[ion] into silly camp". The magazine expressed confusion at the use of Vincent Price over Count Floyd for the track's concluding rap.[23] The New York Times gave a positive review of the album, and dedicated a large amount of its coverage to the song "Human Nature". They described it as the most "striking" song on the record, and wrote, "this is a haunting, brooding ballad by Steve Porcaro and John Bettis with an irresistible chorus and it should be an enormous hit". Concluding their review The New York Times added; "there are other hits here, too, lots of them. Best of all, with a pervasive confidence infusing the album as a whole, Thriller suggests that Mr. Jackson's evolution as an artist is far from finished".[39]

Robert Christgau published a positive (A−) graded overview of the album a few days before its release. He acknowledged that there were "fillers" on the record but still labeled it "almost classic". He expressed the opinion that "Beat It" was the album's best track, calling it "the triumph and the thriller", but criticized "The Girl Is Mine" as "Michael's worst idea since "Ben"". He was of the opinion that the collaboration did not work well, but still praised it for "getting interracial love on the radio".[36] A year after the album's release, Time summed up the three main singles from the album, saying, "The pulse of America and much of the rest of the world moves irregularly, beating in time to the tough strut of "Billie Jean", the asphalt aria of "Beat It", the supremely cool chills of "Thriller".[33] Conversely, in a Melody Maker review, Paolo Hewitt stated "[t]his is not a good LP"; in his opinion there were only "two songs worthy of mention". "Wanna Be Startin' Somethin'" was praised as an "exciting", "uptempo electro-funk song", as was "Billie Jean". Hewitt's stance was that as a whole, the album could only be described as "bland", particularly the closing tracks. He summed up: "Jackson seems to have lost his talent for turning gross into gold".[38]

The album won Jackson a record-breaking eight Grammy Awards in 1984, including Album of the Year. The eighth Grammy went to Bruce Swedien.[45][46] That same year, Jackson won eight American Music Awards, the Special Award of Merit and three MTV Video Music Awards.[47] Thriller was recognized as the world's best-selling album on February 7, 1984, when it was inducted into the Guinness Book of World Records.[48] It is one of only three albums to remain in the top ten of the Billboard 200 for a full year, and spent 37 weeks at number one out of the 80 consecutive weeks it was in the top ten. The album was also the first of three to have seven Billboard Hot 100 top ten singles, and was the only album to be the best-seller of two years (1983–1984) in the US.[49][50]

On August 21, 2009 Thriller was certified 29x Multi-Platinum by the Recording Industry Association of America, for shipments of at least 29 million copies in the US.[51][52] The album topped the charts in many countries, sold 3.7 million copies in the UK,[52][53] 2.5 million in Japan[54] and went 15x Platinum in Australia.[55] Still popular today, Thriller sells an estimated 130,000 copies in the US per year; it reached number two in the US Catalog charts in February 2003 and number 39 in the UK in March 2007.[47] As of 2010, the album is estimated as having sold approximately 65-110 million copies worldwide.

Influence and legacy

Music industry

Thriller platinum record on display at the Hard Rock Café, Hollywood in Universal City, California.

Blender described Jackson as the "late twentieth century pre-eminent pop icon", while The New York Times gave the opinion that he was a "musical phenomenon", and that "in the world of pop music, there is Michael Jackson and there is everybody else".[31][56] Jackson changed the way the industry functioned: both as an artistic persona, and as a financial, profitable entity. His attorney John Branca observed that Jackson achieved the highest royalty rate in the music industry to that point: approximately $2 for each album sold. As a result, Jackson earned record-breaking profits from compact disc sales, and from the sale of copies of the documentary, The Making of Michael Jackson's Thriller, produced by Jackson and John Landis. Funded by MTV, the film sold over 350,000 copies in its first few months. In a market then driven by singles, Thriller raised the significance of albums, yet its multiple hit singles changed perceived notions as to the number of successful singles that could be taken from an individual album.[57] The era saw the arrival of novelties like the Michael Jackson doll, that appeared in stores in May 1984 at a price of $12.[33] Thriller retains a position in American culture; biographer J. Randy Taraborrelli explains, "At some point, Thriller stopped selling like a leisure item—like a magazine, a toy, tickets to a hit movie—and started selling like a household staple".[58]

At the time of the album's release, a press statement from Gil Friesen, the then President of A&M Records, read that, "The whole industry has a stake in this success".[33] Time magazine speculated that "the fallout from Thriller has given the [music] business its best years since the heady days of 1978, when it had an estimated total domestic revenue of $4.1 billion".[33] Time summed up Thriller's impact as a "restoration of confidence" for an industry bordering on "the ruins of punk and the chic regions of synthesizer pop". The publication described Jackson's influence at that point as, "Star of records, radio, rock video. A one-man rescue team for the music business. A songwriter who sets the beat for a decade. A dancer with the fanciest feet on the street. A singer who cuts across all boundaries of taste and style and color too".[33]

Music videos and racial equality

Thriller's music—including the Paul McCartney duet "The Girl Is Mine"—is credited with helping promote racial equality in the United States

Before the success of Thriller, many felt Jackson had struggled to get MTV airing because he was black.[59] In an effort to attain air time for Jackson, CBS Records President Walter Yetnikoff pressured MTV and declared, "I'm not going to give you any more videos and I'm going to go public and fucking tell them about the fact you don't want to play music by a black guy".[31]

His position persuaded MTV to begin airing "Billie Jean" and later "Beat It", which led to a long partnership and later helped other black music artists to gain mainstream recognition.[60] MTV denies claims of racism in their broadcasting.[61] The popularity of his videos, such as "Beat It" and "Billie Jean", helped to place the young channel "on the map", and MTV's focus shifted in favor of pop and R&B.[60][62] Jackson transformed the medium of music video into an art form and promotional tool through the use of complex story lines, dance routines, special effects and cameo appearances by well known personalities.[25] When the 14-minute-long Thriller video aired, MTV ran it twice an hour to meet demand.[63] The short film marked an increase in scale for music videos and has been routinely named the best music video ever.[64] The popularity of the video sent the album back to number one in the album chart, but Jackson's label did not support the release of the third music video from the album. They were already pleased with its success, so Jackson convinced MTV to fund the project.[19][63] Author, music critic and journalist Nelson George wrote in 2004, "It's difficult to hear the songs from Thriller and disengage them from the videos. For most of us the images define the songs. In fact it could be argued that Michael is the first artist of the MTV age to have an entire album so intimately connected in the public imagination with its imagery".[22] Short films like Thriller largely remained unique to Jackson, while the group dance sequence in "Beat It" has been frequently imitated.[17] The choreography in Thriller has become a part of global pop culture, replicated everywhere from Bollywood to prisons in the Philippines.[65][66]

For a black artist in the 1980s to that point, Jackson's success was unprecedented. According to The Washington Post, Thriller paved the way for other African-American artists such as Prince.[67] "The Girl Is Mine" was credited for getting interracial love on the radio.[68] Time noted, "Jackson is the biggest thing since The Beatles. He is the hottest single phenomenon since Elvis Presley. He just may be the most popular black singer ever".[33]

Contemporary appeal

Today, the album is still viewed in a positive light by critics some three decades later. Stephen Thomas Erlewine of Allmusic gave the album the maximum five stars and wrote that the record had something to interest everyone. He believed it showcased harder funk and hard rock while remaining "undeniably fun". He went on to compliment "Billie Jean" and "Wanna Be Startin' Somethin'" and said, "The record's two best songs: 'Billie Jean, ...and the delirious 'Wanna Be Startin' Somethin'', the freshest funk on the album [but] the most claustrophobic, scariest track Jackson ever recorded." Erlewine gave the opinion that it was an improvement on the artist's previous album, although Allmusic was critical of the title track, describing it as "ridiculous" and as having the effect of "arriving in the middle of the record and sucking out its momentum".[26] Slant Magazine gave the album five stars and, like the Allmusic review and the original Rolling Stone review, paid compliment to the lyrics of "Wanna Be Startin' Somethin'".[27]

The author Nelson George wrote that Jackson "has educated R. Kelly, Usher, Justin Timberlake and countless others with Thriller as a textbook".[69] As a sign of the album's longevity, in 2003 Thriller was ranked at number 20 on the Rolling Stone 500 Greatest Albums of All Time list, and was listed by the National Association of Recording Merchandisers at number three of the Definitive 200 Albums of All Time.[70][71] In 2008, 25 years after its release, the record was inducted into the Grammy Hall of Fame and, a few weeks later, was among 25 recordings preserved by the Library of Congress to the National Recording Registry as "culturally significant".[72][73] In 2009, music critics for MTV Base and VH1 both listed Thriller as the best album released since 1981.[74] Thriller, along with other critic favorites were then polled by the public. 40,000 people found Thriller to be the Best Album of all time by MTV Generation, gaining a third of all votes.[74][75]

Reissues and catalog sales

Thriller was reissued on October 16, 2001, in an expanded set titled Thriller: Special Edition. The original tracks were remastered, and the album included a new booklet and bonus material, including the songs "Someone In the Dark", "Carousel", and Jackson's original "Billie Jean" demo, as well as audio interviews with Jones and Temperton discussing the recording of the album.[17][76] Sony also hired sound engineer and mixer Mick Guzauski[77][78] to work with Jackson on creating 5.1-channel surround sound mixes of Thriller, as well as all his other albums, for release on the then-new Super Audio CD format. Despite numerous retries, the artist never approved any of the mixes.[79] Consequently, Thriller was issued on SACD only in a stereo version.[80]

In February 2008, Epic Records released Thriller 25; Jackson served as executive producer.[52] Thriller 25 appeared on CD, USB and vinyl with seven bonus tracks, a new song called "For All Time", a snippet of Vincent Price's voice-over, and five remixes featuring American artists Fergie, will.i.am, Kanye West, and Akon.[52][81][82] It also included a DVD featuring three music videos, the Motown 25 "Billie Jean" performance, and a booklet with a message from Jackson.[52] The ballad "For All Time" supposedly dates from 1982, but is often credited as being from Dangerous sessions.[83] Two singles were released from the reissue: "The Girl Is Mine 2008" and "Wanna Be Startin' Somethin' 2008".

Thriller 25 was a commercial success and did particularly well as a reissue. It peaked at number one in eight countries and Europe. It peaked at number two in the US, number three in the UK and reached the top 10 in over 30 national charts. It was certified Gold in 11 countries including the UK, received a 2x Gold certification in France and received platinum certification in Poland.[84][85][86] In the United States, Thriller 25 was the second best-selling album of its release week, selling one hundred and sixty six thousand copies, just fourteen thousand short of reaching the number one position. It was ineligible for the Billboard 200 chart as a re-release but entered the Pop Catalog Charts at number one (where it stayed for ten non-consecutive weeks),[87] with the best sales on that chart since December, 1996.[88][89][90] With the arrival of Halloween that November, Thriller 25 spent an eleventh non-consecutive week atop the US catalog chart. This brought US sales of the album to 688,000 copies, making it the best selling catalog album of 2008.[91] This was Jackson's best launch since Invincible in 2001, selling three million copies worldwide in 12 weeks.[92]

After Jackson's death in June 2009, Thriller set additional records. It sold more than 100,000 copies, placing it at number two on the Top Pop Catalog Albums chart. Songs from Thriller also helped Jackson become the first artist to sell more than one million song downloads in a week.[93] According to Nielsen Soundscan, Thriller was the 14th best selling album of 2009 in the United States with 1.27 million copies sold.[94]

Track listing

Side one[26]
No. Title Writer(s) Length
1. "Wanna Be Startin' Somethin'"   Michael Jackson 6:03
2. "Baby Be Mine"   Rod Temperton 4:20
3. "The Girl Is Mine" (featuring Paul McCartney) Michael Jackson 3:42
4. "Thriller" (rap by Vincent Price) Rod Temperton 5:57
Side two[26]
No. Title Writer(s) Length
5. "Beat It" (featuring Eddie Van Halen on guitar) Michael Jackson 4:18
6. "Billie Jean"   Michael Jackson 4:54
7. "Human Nature"   Steve Porcaro, John Bettis 4:06
8. "P.Y.T. (Pretty Young Thing)"   James Ingram, Quincy Jones 3:59
9. "The Lady in My Life"   Rod Temperton 5:00

Charts and certifications

Year-end charts

Chart (1983) Peak
position
Australia (Kent Music Report)[95] 1
Austria[96] 1
Japan(Oricon)[97] 6
UK Albums (The Official Charts Company)[98] 1
US Pop Albums (Billboard)[99] 1
Chart (1984) Peak
position
Australia (Kent Music Report)[95] 2
Austria[100] 3
Japan (Oricon)[101] 1
Switzerland (Swiss Music Charts)[102] 1
UK Albums (The Official Charts Company)[98] 6
US Billboard 200[103] 1
Chart (2009) Peak
position
Germany (Media Control AG)[104] 40
Russian (International)[105] 39
Chart (2010) Peak
position
US Billboard 200[106] 137

Certifications

Region Certification Sales/shipments
Australia (ARIA)[107] 15× Platinum 1,050,000^
Canada (CRIA)[108] 2× Diamond 2,000,000[109]
Finland (IFPI Finland)[110] Platinum 119,061[110]
France (SNEP)[111] Diamond 2,366,700[111]
Germany (BVMI)[112] 3× Platinum 1,500,000^
Mexico (AMPROFON)[113] 2× Platinum+Diamond+Gold 1,600,000^
Netherlands (NVPI)[114] 8× Platinum 400,000*
Sweden (IFPI Sweden)[115] 4× Platinum 400,000^
Switzerland (IFPI Switzerland)[116] 6× Platinum 300,000x
United Kingdom (BPI)[117] 11× Platinum 3,825,857[118]
United States (RIAA)[119] 29× Platinum 29,000,000^
Summaries
Europe (IFPI)[120] Platinum 1,000,000*

*sales figures based on certification alone
^shipments figures based on certification alone
xunspecified figures based on certification alone

Personnel

See also

Jackson Michael.svg Michael Jackson portal

References

Notes

  1. ^ Rolling Stone: Michael Jackson: The Unlikely King of Rock - Michael Jackson - Rolling Stone[dead link]: "At first, the lustrous post-disco sound of Thriller...". Retrieved on August 12, 2009.
  2. ^ Heyliger, M., Music - Help - Web - Review - A State-of-the-Art Pop Album (Thriller by Michael Jackson): "Not many artists could pull off such a variety of styles (funk, post-disco, rock, easy listening, ballads) back then...". Retrieved on March 12, 2011
  3. ^ Anderson, Kyle (July 20, 2009). "Michael Jackson's Thriller Set To Become Top-Selling Album Of All Time". MTV (MTV Network). http://www.mtv.com/news/articles/1616537/20090720/jackson_michael.jhtml. Retrieved December 29, 2009. 
  4. ^ Janosik, MaryAnn (2006). The Greenwood Encyclopedia of Rock History: The video generation, 1981-1990. Greenwood Press. p. 16. ISBN 9780313329432. http://books.google.com/books?id=eSIKAQAAMAAJ&q=thriller+pop+/rock+album&dq=thriller+pop+/rock+album. Retrieved July 14, 2011. "The phenomenal success of Thriller as a landmark pop/rock album was enhanced further by Jackson's innovative dance-based music videos" 
  5. ^ "Top 100 Albums". RIAA.com. Recording Industry Association of America. http://riaa.com/goldandplatinumdata.php?resultpage=1&table=tblTop100&action=. Retrieved January 27, 2010. 
  6. ^ "Grammy Award Winners". The Recording Academy. http://www.grammy.com/GRAMMY_Awards/Winners/Results.aspx?title=&winner=Michael+Jackson&year=0&genreID=0&hp=1. Retrieved February 14, 2008. [dead link]
  7. ^ "The RS 500 Greatest Albums of All Time". Rolling Stone. November 18, 2003. http://www.rollingstone.com/news/story/5938174/the_rs_500_greatest_albums_of_all_time. Retrieved January 30, 2010. 
  8. ^ a b Erlewine, Stephen. "Off the Wall Overview". Allmusic. http://www.allmusic.com/album/r10088. Retrieved June 15, 2008. 
  9. ^ a b Holden, Stephen (November 1, 1979). "Off the Wall: Michael Jackson". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on December 23, 2007. http://web.archive.org/web/20071223010621/http://www.rollingstone.com/reviews/album/259585/review/6067502/off_the_wall. Retrieved July 23, 2008. 
  10. ^ "Michael Jackson: Off the Wall — Classic albums — Music — Virgin media". Virgin Media. http://www.virginmedia.com/music/classicalbums/michaeljackson-offthewall.php. Retrieved December 12, 2008. 
  11. ^ Taraborrelli, p. 196
  12. ^ Taraborrelli, p. 206
  13. ^ Taraborrelli, p. 190
  14. ^ a b Taraborrelli, p. 191
  15. ^ a b Taraborrelli, pp. 220–221
  16. ^ Jackson, Michael. Thriller 25 booklet.
  17. ^ a b c d e f Jackson, Michael. Thriller Special Edition Audio.
  18. ^ Taraborrelli, pp. 209–210
  19. ^ a b c d e f g h Lyle, Peter (November 25, 2007). "Michael Jackson's Monster Smash". London: The Daily Telegraph. http://www.telegraph.co.uk/culture/3669538/Michael-Jacksons-monster-smash.html. Retrieved April 20, 2008. 
  20. ^ Ebony Magazine: Michael: 25 Years After Thriller, December 2007, pg. 97–98
  21. ^ a b Jackson, Michael (March 2005). Interview with Jesse Jackson. 
  22. ^ a b George, p. 23
  23. ^ a b c d e f Connelly, Christopher (January 28, 1983). "Michael Jackson: Thriller". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on June 22, 2008. http://web.archive.org/web/20080622105025/http://www.rollingstone.com/artists/michaeljackson/albums/album/303823/review/6067536/thriller. Retrieved June 15, 2008. 
  24. ^ DigitalDreamDoorDigital (January 28, 2006). "100 Greatest Disco Songs". Melodeo. http://digitaldreamdoor.nutsie.com/pages/best_disco-songs.html. Retrieved April 29, 2010. "9. Billie Jean - Michael Jackson - 1982" [dead link]
  25. ^ a b c d e Huey, Steve. "Michael Jackson — Biography". Allmusic. http://www.allmusic.com/artist/p4576/biography. Retrieved November 11, 2006. 
  26. ^ a b c d e f Erlewine, Stephen (February 19, 2007). "Thriller Overview". Allmusic. http://www.allmusic.com/album/r10089. Retrieved June 15, 2008. 
  27. ^ a b c Henderson, Eric (2003). "Michael Jackson: Thriller". Slant Magazine. http://www.slantmagazine.com/music/music_review.asp?ID=358. Retrieved June 15, 2008. 
  28. ^ Ben Zimmer (June 26, 2009). "Ma ma se, ma ma sa, ma ma coo sa". Language Log. http://languagelog.ldc.upenn.edu/nll/?p=1542. "The story behind these seemingly nonsensical syllables is a fascinating one, originating in the Cameroonian language Duala...Jackson apparently claimed his version was Swahili, but he eventually acknowledged his debt to [Cameroonian singer Manu] Dibango..." 
  29. ^ a b c d e f g Taraborrelli, pp. 223–225
  30. ^ Pareles, Jon (September 1987). "Critic's Notebook; How Good Is Jackson's 'Bad'?". The New York Times. http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9B0DE1DC1F38F930A3575AC0A961948260&n=Top%2fReference%2fTimes%20Topics%2fPeople%2fJ%2fJackson%2c%20Michael. Retrieved April 19, 2007. 
  31. ^ a b c "Michael Jackson, "Billy Jean"". Blender. 2009-04-01. http://www.blender.com/lists/68125/500-greatest-songs-since-you-were-born-451-500.html?p=13. Retrieved 2010-06-01. [dead link]
  32. ^ "Michael Jackson: Biography". The New Rolling Stone Album Guide. 2004. http://www.rollingstone.com/artists/michaeljackson/biography. Retrieved February 14, 2008. [dead link]
  33. ^ a b c d e f g h Cocks, Jay (March 1984). "Why He's a Thriller". Time. http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,950053-1,00.html. Retrieved March 17, 2007. 
  34. ^ Connelly, Christoper (January 28, 1983). "Michael Jackson: Thriller". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on June 22, 2008. http://web.archive.org/web/20080622105025/http://www.rollingstone.com/artists/michaeljackson/albums/album/303823/review/6067536/thriller. Retrieved July 23, 2008. 
  35. ^ George, p. 22
  36. ^ a b Christgau, Robert (December 28, 1982). "Christgau's Consumer Guide, December 28, 1982". Robert Christgau.com. http://www.robertchristgau.com/xg/cg/cgv12-82.php. Retrieved July 3, 2008. 
  37. ^ Sandall, Robert (February 9, 2008). "Review: Thriller 25th Anniversary". London: The Daily Telegraph. http://www.telegraph.co.uk/culture/music/cdreviews/3671040/Michael-Jackson---Thriller-Pop-CD-of-the-week.html. Retrieved November 20, 2009. 
  38. ^ a b Hewitt, Paolo (1982). "Thriller Review". Uncut Presents NME Originals 80's (2005): 68. 
  39. ^ a b Rockwell, John (December 19, 1982). "Michael Jackson's Thriller': Superb Job". The New York Times. http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9E00E4D71F39F93AA25751C1A964948260. Retrieved July 3, 2008. 
  40. ^ "Review: Thriller". Q (January 2000): 138. 
  41. ^ Rosenberg, Tal (June 19, 2007). "Review: Thriller". Stylus Magazine. http://www.stylusmagazine.com/articles/diamond/michael-jackson-thriller.htm. Retrieved June 13, 2009. 
  42. ^ "Sold On Song Top 100". British Broadcasting Corporation. http://www.bbc.co.uk/radio2/soldonsong/songlibrary/billiejean.shtml. Retrieved April 5, 2008. 
  43. ^ "Sold On Song". British Broadcasting Corporation. http://www.bbc.co.uk/radio2/soldonsong/songlibrary/thriller.shtml. Retrieved April 5, 2008. 
  44. ^ "Sessions". Steve Lukather. 2006. http://www.stevelukather.net/Biography.aspx. Retrieved April 5, 2008. 
  45. ^ "Grammy for Michael Jackson, Quincy Jones and Bruce Swedien". Grammy. http://www.grammy.com/GRAMMY_Awards/Winners/Results.aspx. Retrieved February 25, 2009. [dead link]
  46. ^ Guinness World Records (2006). Guinness World Records 2007. New York: Guinness World Records Ltd. ISBN 1-904994-12-1. 
  47. ^ a b Jackson, Michael. Michael Jackson: The Ultimate Collection booklet.
  48. ^ Taraborrelli, p. 482 (pictures)
  49. ^ "The Billboard 200 Albums - 1983". http://www.billboard.com/bbcom/charts/yearend_chart_display.jsp?f=The+Billboard+200&g=Year-end+Albums&year=1983. Retrieved July 7, 2009. [dead link]
  50. ^ "The Billboard 200 Albums - 1984". http://www.billboard.com/bbcom/charts/yearend_chart_display.jsp?f=The+Billboard+200&g=Year-end+Albums&year=1984. Retrieved July 7, 2009. [dead link]
  51. ^ "RIAA Diamond Awards". Recording Industry Association of America. http://www.riaa.com/goldandplatinumdata.php?table=tblDiamond. Retrieved October 28, 2009. 
  52. ^ a b c d e "Sony announce Thriller 25". Reuters. November 30, 2007. http://www.reuters.com/article/pressRelease/idUS58333+30-Nov-2007+PRN20071130. Retrieved April 17, 2008. 
  53. ^ Day, Elizabeth (March 16, 2008). "The whole world in his hands". London: The Guardian. http://music.guardian.co.uk/pop/story/0,,2265010,00.html#article_continue. Retrieved April 21, 2008. 
  54. ^ "Michael Jackson Remains A Global Phenomenon". Billboard magazine. July 2, 2009. http://www.billboard.com/bbcom/news/michael-jackson-remains-a-global-phenomenon-1003990447.story?pn=5. Retrieved July 3, 2009. [dead link]
  55. ^ "ARIA Charts-Accreditations-2009 Albums". ARIA. http://aria.com.au/pages/httpwww.aria.com.aupagesARIACharts-Accreditations-2009Albums.htm. Retrieved June 6, 2009. 
  56. ^ Pareles, Jon (January 1984). "Michael Jackson At 25: A Musical Phenomenon". The New York Times. http://select.nytimes.com/gst/abstract.html?res=F40F10FB3A5C0C778DDDA80894DC484D81. Retrieved May 15, 2007. 
  57. ^ "Michael Jackson". VH1. 2007. http://www.vh1.com/artists/az/jackson_michael/bio.jhtml. Retrieved February 22, 2007. [dead link]
  58. ^ Taraborrelli, p. 226
  59. ^ "Michael Jackson, "Billy Jean:". Blender. http://www.blender.com/guide/articles.aspx?ID=1777. Retrieved April 11, 2007. [dead link]
  60. ^ a b Gundersen, Edna (August 25, 2005). "music videos changing places". USA Today. http://www.usatoday.com/life/television/news/2005-08-25-mtv_x.htm. Retrieved April 6, 2008. 
  61. ^ "Why it took MTV so long to play black music videos". Jet. 2006. http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m1355/is_14_110/ai_n16807343/. 
  62. ^ "Why Are Michael Jackson's Fans So Devoted?". ABC News. February 23, 2005. http://abcnews.go.com/Entertainment/LegalCenter/story?id=464753&page=1. Retrieved April 6, 2007. 
  63. ^ a b Taraborrelli, pp. 270–271
  64. ^ "Michael Jackson". VH1. http://www.vh1.com/artists/az/jackson_michael/bio.jhtml. Retrieved February 22, 2007. [dead link]
  65. ^ "1500 Prisoners Perform Thriller Dance". The Wrong Advices. July 21, 2007. http://thewrongadvices.com/lazy-monkey/1500-prisoners-perform-thriller-dance/. Retrieved April 5, 2008. 
  66. ^ "Jacko goes bollywood". TMZ.com. October 3, 2006. http://www.tmz.com/2006/10/03/jacko-goes-bollywood/. Retrieved April 8, 2008. 
  67. ^ Harrington, Richard (October 1988). "Prince & Michael Jackson: Two Paths to the Top of Pop". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on October 11, 2007. http://web.archive.org/web/20071011093043/http://pqasb.pqarchiver.com/washingtonpost/access/73636369.html?dids=73636369:73636369&FMT=ABS&FMTS=ABS:FT&date=Oct+9%2C+1988&author=Richard+Harrington&pub=The+Washington+Post+(pre-1997+Fulltext)&edition=&startpage=g.01&desc=Prince+%26+Michael+Jackson%3A+Two+Paths+to+the+Top+of+Pop. Retrieved May 21, 2007. 
  68. ^ Christgau, Robert. "Robert Christgau: Artist 932". Robert Christgau.com. http://www.robertchristgau.com/get_artist.php?id=932. Retrieved June 27, 2008. 
  69. ^ George, p. 24
  70. ^ "20) Thriller". Rolling Stone. November 3, 2003. http://www.rollingstone.com/news/story/6598091/20_thriller. Retrieved April 21, 2008. [dead link]
  71. ^ "Definitive 200". The Rock and Roll Hall of Fame and Museum. 2007. Archived from the original on April 6, 2008. http://web.archive.org/web/20080406020211/http://www.rockhall.com/pressroom/definitive-200. Retrieved April 8, 2008. 
  72. ^ "2008 Grammy Hall of Fame" (PDF). The Recording Academy. 2008. http://www.grammy.com/PressReleases/443_466_Hall%20of%20Fame%20release%20FINAL.pdf. Retrieved April 5, 2008. [dead link]
  73. ^ "Thriller, Joni Mitchell album make the cut for US recording registry". CBC News. May 14, 2008. http://www.cbc.ca/arts/media/story/2008/05/14/08us-recregistry.html. Retrieved May 14, 2008. 
  74. ^ a b "MTV's Greatest Album Ever — The Results". MTV. (April 9, 2009). http://www.mtv.co.uk/entertainment/greatest-album-ever/competition/mtvs-greatest-album-ever. Retrieved April 9, 2008. 
  75. ^ "Michael Jackson's album Thriller voted best album since 1981". Daily Mirror. (April 9, 2009). http://www.mirror.co.uk/celebs/news/2009/04/09/michael-jackson-s-album-thriller-voted-best-album-since-1981-115875-21265620/. Retrieved April 9, 2008. 
  76. ^ Jackson, Michael. Thriller Special Edition booklet.
  77. ^ Paul Verna (May 1, 2001). "Interview with Mick Guzauski". Mix Online. http://mixonline.com/mag/audio_mick_guzauski/. Retrieved July 7, 2009. 
  78. ^ Kevin Becka (June 1, 2006). "Mix Interview: Mick Guzauski". Mix Online. http://mixonline.com/recording/interviews/audio_mick_guzauski_2/. Retrieved July 7, 2009. 
  79. ^ Roger Friedman (July 23, 2001). "First Jackson Effort Rejected, New One Not Ready". Fox News. http://www.foxnews.com/story/0,2933,30233,00.html. Retrieved July 7, 2009. 
  80. ^ "Michael Jackson on SACD". PS3SACD.com. July 9, 2009. http://www.ps3sacd.com/index.html#_20090709. Retrieved July 26, 2009. 
  81. ^ "Kanye West, Will.I.Am On New Edition Of Michael Jackson's Thriller". MTV (Music Television). http://www.mtv.com/news/articles/1575462/20071130/west_kanye.jhtml. Retrieved December 7, 2007. 
  82. ^ "Kanye, Akon Help Jackson Revisit 'Thriller'". Billboard. December 30, 2007. http://www.billboard.com/bbcom/news/article_display.jsp?vnu_content_id=1003679603. Retrieved June 23, 2008. 
  83. ^ Paphides, Pete (February 8, 2008). "Michael Jackson: Thriller 25". London: The Times. http://entertainment.timesonline.co.uk/tol/arts_and_entertainment/music/cd_reviews/article3327950.ece. Retrieved April 6, 2008. 
  84. ^ "Zona Musical" (in Spanish). zm.nu. Archived from the original on April 24, 2008. http://web.archive.org/web/20080424041826/http://zm.nu/detalle.php?base=zmnews&lay=cgi&form=detalle&tok4=notici&tok5=Noticias&id=17840. Retrieved April 5, 2008. 
  85. ^ "Thriller the best selling album of all time". digitalproducer. February 20, 2008. http://digitalproducer.digitalmedianet.com/articles/viewarticle.jsp?id=312105&afterinter=true. Retrieved April 6, 2008. 
  86. ^ "Michael Jackson Thriller 25". ultratop.be. Archived from the original on April 13, 2008. http://web.archive.org/web/20080413072226/http://www.ultratop.be/nl/showitem.asp?interpret=Michael+Jackson&titel=Thriller+25&cat=a. Retrieved April 6, 2008. 
  87. ^ Grein, Paul (May 18, 2008). "Diva Smackdown". Yahoo. http://new.music.yahoo.com/blogs/chart_watch/7658/week-ending-may-18-2008-diva-smackdown-ends-with-ingenues-on-rise. Retrieved May 22, 2008. 
  88. ^ Caulfield, Keith (February 20, 2008). "Big Grammy Gains For Many; King of Pop Returns". Billboard magazine. http://billboard.biz/bbbiz/content_display/charts/chart_alert/e3id5388aa9b5187ee7e0bde5d5e991eb4b. Retrieved February 20, 2008. 
  89. ^ Hasty, Katy (February 20, 2008). "Johnson Remains No. 1; Winehouse, Hancock Soar". Billboard magazine. http://www.billboard.com/bbcom/news/article_display.jsp?vnu_content_id=1003712744. Retrieved February 20, 2008. 
  90. ^ "US fans shun CD". BBC. July 30, 2005. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/low/entertainment/music/4730407.stm. Retrieved April 7, 2008. 
  91. ^ Waddell, Ray (November 7, 2008). "Michael Jackson Eyeing London Run?". Billboard. http://www.billboard.com/bbcom/news/article_display.jsp?vnu_content_id=1003888626. Retrieved November 8, 2008. 
  92. ^ Friedman, Roger (May 16, 2008). "Jacko: Neverland East in Upstate New York". Fox News. http://www.foxnews.com/story/0,2933,356282,00.html#3. Retrieved May 22, 2008. 
  93. ^ "Michael Jackson Breaks Billboard Charts Records". Billboard. June 30, 2009. http://www.billboard.com/bbcom/news/michael-jackson-breaks-billboard-charts-1003989310.story. Retrieved July 3, 2009. 
  94. ^ Keith Caulfield (January 7, 2010). "Taylor Swift Edges Susan Boyle For 2009's Top-Selling Album". Billboard.com. Nielsen Business Media, Inc. http://www.billboard.com/#/news/taylor-swift-edges-susan-boyle-for-2009-1004057203.story. Retrieved January 18, 2010. 
  95. ^ a b Kent, David (1993). Australian Chart Book 1970-1992. St Ives, N.S.W.: Australian Chart Book. ISBN 0646119176. 
  96. ^ "Austriancharts.at - Jahreshitparade 1983". Hung Medien. http://austriancharts.at/1983_album.asp. Retrieved 2011-09-11. 
  97. ^ 1983年アルバム年間ヒットチャート "Japanese Year-End Albums Chart 1983" (in Japanese). Oricon. http://entamedata.web.fc2.com/music/music_a1983.html 1983年アルバム年間ヒットチャート. Retrieved 2011-09-02. 
  98. ^ a b "1980s Albums Chart Archive". everyhit.com. The Official Charts Company. http://www.everyhit.com/chartalb4.html. Retrieved 2011-09-11. 
  99. ^ "Billboard.com — Year End Charts — Year-end Albums — The Billboard 200". Archived from the original on August 19, 2010. http://web.archive.org/web/20071211033230/http://www.billboard.com/bbcom/charts/yearend_chart_display.jsp?f=The+Billboard+200&g=Year-end+Albums&year=1983. Retrieved December 11, 2007. [dead link]
  100. ^ "Austriancharts.at - Jahreshitparade 1984". Hung Medien. http://austriancharts.at/1984_album.asp. Retrieved 2011-09-11. 
  101. ^ 1984年アルバム年間ヒットチャート "Japanese Year-End Albums Chart 1984" (in Japanese). Oricon. http://entamedata.web.fc2.com/music/music_a1984.html 1984年アルバム年間ヒットチャート. Retrieved 2011-09-11. 
  102. ^ "Hitparade.ch - Schweizer Jahreshitparade 1984". Hung Medien. http://hitparade.ch/year.asp?key=1984. Retrieved 2011-09-11. 
  103. ^ "Billboard.com — Year End Charts — Year-end Albums — The Billboard 200". Archived from the original on August 19, 2010. http://web.archive.org/web/20071211064030/http://www.billboard.com/bbcom/charts/yearend_chart_display.jsp?f=The+Billboard+200&g=Year-end+Albums&year=1984. Retrieved December 11, 2007. [dead link]
  104. ^ ":: MTV | Album Jahrescharts 2009 | charts". Mtv.de. 2009-12-29. Archived from the original on 2010-08-05. http://www.webcitation.org/5rk8y3Xi8. Retrieved 2010-08-23. 
  105. ^ [1][dead link]
  106. ^ "Music Albums, Top 200 Albums & Music Album Charts". Billboard.com. http://www.billboard.com/charts-year-end/the-billboard-200?year=2010#/charts-year-end/the-billboard-200?year=2010&begin=121&order=position. Retrieved 2010-12-28. 
  107. ^ "ARIA Charts — Accreditations - 2009 Albums". Australian Recording Industry Association. http://www.aria.com.au/pages/httpwww.aria.com.aupagesARIACharts-Accreditations-2009Albums.htm. Retrieved March 14, 2010. 
  108. ^ {{cite web|url=http://www.musiccanada.com/GPSearchResult.aspx?st=Thriller&ica=False&sa=Michael%20Jackson&sl=&smt=0&sat=-1&ssb=Artist
  109. ^ Music Canada. http://www.musiccanada.com/GPSearchResult.aspx?st=Thriller&ica=False&sa=Michael%20Jackson&sl=&smt=0&sat=-1&ssb=Artist
  110. ^ a b "Musiikkituottajat — Tilastot — Kulta- ja platinalevyt". http://www.ifpi.fi/tilastot/artistit/Michael+Jackson. Retrieved August 19, 2010. 
  111. ^ a b "InfoDisc: Les Certifications — Les Disques de Diamant". InfoDisc.fr. http://www.infodisc.fr/CDCertif_D.php?debut=50. Retrieved 2010-08-29. 
  112. ^ "German album certifications – Michael Jackson – Thriller" (in German). Bundesverband Musikindustrie. http://www.musikindustrie.de/gold_platin_datenbank/?action=suche&strTitel=Thriller&strInterpret=Michael+Jackson&strTtArt=alben&strAwards=checked. Retrieved August 23, 2010. 
  113. ^ "Mexican album certifications – Michael Jackson – Thriller" (in Spanish). Asociación Mexicana de Productores de Fonogramas y Videogramas. http://www.amprofon.com.mx/certificaciones.php?artista=Michael+Jackson&titulo=Thriller&categoria=ALBUM&contenido=buscar. 
  114. ^ "NVPI, de branchevereniging van de entertainmentindustrie - Goud/Platina". Nvpi.nl. http://www.nvpi.nl/nvpi/pagina.asp?pagkey=60461#resultaat. Retrieved 2010-12-28. 
  115. ^ "Guld- och Platinacertifikat − År 2008" (in Swedish) (PDF). IFPI Sweden. http://www.ifpi.se/wp/wp-content/uploads/guld-platina-20082.pdf. Retrieved July 4, 2011. 
  116. ^ "The Official Swiss Charts and Music Community: Awards (Michael Jackson; 'Thriller')". Hung Medien. http://www.swisscharts.com/search_certifications.asp?search=Michael+Jackson+Thriller. Retrieved December 28, 2010. 
  117. ^ "Certified Awards Search". British Phonographic Industry. http://www.bpi.co.uk/certifiedawards/search.aspx. Retrieved August 19, 2010.  Note: User needs to enter "Michael Jackson" in the "Search" field, "Artist" in the "Search by" field and click the "Go" button. Select "More info" next to the relevant entry to see full certification history.
  118. ^ "Top 40 Best Selling Albums 28 July 1956 – 14 June 2009" (PDF). British Phonographic Industry. http://www.bpi.co.uk/assets/files/top%2040%20albums.pdf. Retrieved August 31, 2011. 
  119. ^ RIAA — Gold & Platinum "(Searching results by albums entitled "Thriller")". http://www.riaa.com/goldandplatinumdata.php?table=SEARCH_RESULTS&title=thriller&format=ALBUM&go=Search&perPage=50 RIAA — Gold & Platinum. Retrieved March 14, 2010. 
  120. ^ "IFPI Platinum Europe Awards – 2009". International Federation of the Phonographic Industry. http://www.ifpi.org/content/section_news/plat2009.html. Retrieved July 4, 2011. 


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Thriller (álbum) — Thriller Álbum de estudio de Michael Jackson Publicación 30 de noviembre de 1982 Grabación Abril noviembre de 1982 Estudios de Grabación Westlake (Los Ángeles, California) Género(s) Funk …   Wikipedia Español

  • Thriller (album) — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Thriller. Thriller Album par Michael Jackson Sortie 1er décembre 1982 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Thriller (Album) — Thriller Studioalbum von Michael Jackson Veröffentlichung 30. November 1982 Label Epic Records …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Thriller (Michael Jackson) — Thriller (album) Pour les articles homonymes, voir Thriller. Thriller Album par Michael Jackson Sortie 1er décembre 1982 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Thriller (disque) — Thriller (album) Pour les articles homonymes, voir Thriller. Thriller Album par Michael Jackson Sortie 1er décembre 1982 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Thriller — may refer to: * Thriller (album), an album by American pop singer Michael Jackson ** Thriller (song), the 1984 single from the above album ** Thriller (music video), a thirteen minute music video of the above song ** Thriller 25 , special edition …   Wikipedia

  • Album-oriented rock — (sometimes referred to as Adult oriented rock or as West Coast Rock), abbreviated AOR and originally called album oriented radio, was originally an American FM radio format focusing on album tracks by rock artists. This format developed and… …   Wikipedia

  • Thriller (song) — Infobox Single Name = Thriller Artist = Michael Jackson from Album = Thriller B side = Released = January 23, 1984 Format …   Wikipedia

  • Album (Musik) — In der Musikwirtschaft wird unter einem Album eine Zusammenstellung eines Musikers unabhängig vom Tonträger verstanden, auf dem, im Gegensatz zu einer Single, mehrere Stücke eines Komponisten, eines Interpreten, einer Musikgruppe (siehe B Seite)… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Thriller (music video) — Infobox Film name=Michael Jackson s Thriller caption = Michael Jackson s Thriller . director=John Landis writer= John Landis Michael Jackson starring= Michael Jackson Ola Ray producer= George Folsey Jr. distributor=Columbia Pictures Epic Records… …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.