Upper and Lower Egypt
Ancient Egyptwas divided into two regions, known as Upper Egyptand Lower Egypt. To the north was Lower Egyptwhere the Nilefanned out with its several mouths to form the Nile Delta. To the south was Upper Egypt, stretching to Syene. The two kingdoms of Upper and Lower Egypt were united c. 3000 BC, but each maintained its own regalia. Thus, the pharaohs were known as the rulers of the Two Kingdoms.
While the labelling of "Upper" and "Lower" might seem counterintuitive, with
Upper Egyptin the south and Lower Egyptin the north on modern maps, the terminology derives from the flow of the Nilefrom the highlands of East Africa(upstream) to the Mediterranean Sea(downstream).
There were a number of differences between Upper and Lower
Egyptiansin the ancient world. They spoke different dialects and had different customs. Many of these differences, and the occasional tensions they created, still exist in modern times. In Egyptian Arabic, Lower Egyptians are known as "baḥarwa" (Coptic: Coptic|ϩⲉⲛⲣⲉⲙⲉⲙϩⲓⲧ "han.rememhit") and Upper Egyptians as "ṣaʻayda" (Coptic: Coptic|ϩⲉⲛⲣⲉⲙⲙⲁⲣⲏⲥ "han.remmaris").
*Nomes of Egypt
Geography of Egypt
* [http://www.website1.com/odyssey/week1/egygeo.html Geography of Egypt]
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