"This article is about the Biblical Seth. For the Egyptian god Seth, see Set (mythology); for other meanings, see Seth (disambiguation)."

Seth (Hebrew: שֵׁת, Standard Šet, Tiberian Unicode|Šēṯ; Arabic: شيث Shith or Shiyth; "Placed; appointed"), in the Book of Genesis of the Hebrew Bible, is the third listed son of Adam and Eve and brother of Cain and Abel and is the only other son mentioned by name. According to Genesis 4:25, Seth was born after the slaying of Abel by Cain, and Eve believed God had appointed him as "replacement" for Abel "because Cain killed him".

In the Hebrew Bible

In Genesis, Seth was the third son of Adam and Eve, and is their only child mentioned by name besides Cain and Abel. After stating that Seth was to Adam "a son in his likeness and image", born when Adam was 130 years old (Genesis 5:3), Genesis 5:4 states that Adam fathered "sons and daughters" before his death aged 930 years.

Seth had a son, Enosh, or Enos at age 105 (Genesis 5:6) and further children; he lived 912 years (Genesis 5:8).

Rashi (Rabbi Shlomo Yitzhaqi) refers to Seth as the ancestor of Noah and hence the father of all mankind. According to Zohar 1:36b, Seth is "ancestor of all the Generations of the Tzaddikim" (righteous ones). Parashat Balak refers to "all of Seth's descendants" (Numbers 24:17).

In Gnosticism

In Gnosticism, Seth is seen as a replacement given by God for Cain and Abel. It is said that late in life, Adam gave Seth secret teachings that would become the Kabbalah.

One particular school of Gnosticism arose which focused on Seth called the Sethians.

In LDS doctrine

In Latter-day Saint doctrine, Seth was ordained by Adam at the age of 69 years. Three years prior to Adam's death, he blessed Seth that his posterity would be "the chosen of the Lord" and that it would be "preserved unto the end of the earth" (D&C [ 107:42] ). Furthermore, Seth was "a perfect man, and his likeness was the express likeness of his father" (D&C [ 107:43] ). Seth is also the name of a Jaredite in the Book of Mormon (Ether sourcetext|source=Book of Mormon|book=Ether|chapter=1|verse=10|range=-11 and sourcetext|source=Book of Mormon|book=Ether|chapter=11|verse=9).

Armenian Apostolic Church

Seth is commemorated as one of the Holy Forefathers in the Calendar of Saints of the Armenian Apostolic Church on July 30.

Josephus about Seth

Josephus refers to Seth as the most notable of the sons of Adam in the "Antiquities of the Jews", and reports that his descendants built the Pillars of the sons of Seth.

eth in the Garden of Eden

According to the noncanonical Testament of Adam and medieval legend, Adam, knowing his death is near, calls his son Seth to his side. He tells Seth to go back to the Garden of Eden, to enter and get three seeds from the fruit of the Tree of Life. Adam then instructs Seth to return to him and place the three seeds in his mouth before burying his body.Seth does as his father requests and makes the trip to the Garden of Eden. At the gate stands the Archangel Michael, who asks Seth his business. Seth tells him, and Michael lets him pass, directing him to the tree of life. Seth collects three seeds from the fruit of the tree, and then returns, back through the gates, down to his father, who by this time has died. He digs Adam's grave, and buries him, placing the three seeds in his mouth before covering him with dirt. Eventually three trees spring up from Adam's grave, and it is these three trees that are later chopped down to provide the wood for the three crosses on Golgotha. [Testament of Adam; also see sermons and writings of Martin Luther.]

ee also

* Sethianism


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Séth — Seth Pour les articles homonymes, voir Seth (homonymie). Cet article fait partie de la série Dieux égyptiens Présentation Par ordre alphabétique …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Seth — ist der Name folgender Personen oder Figuren: Sohn Adams im Tanach, siehe Set (Bibel) ägyptischer Gott, der Osiris tötete, siehe Seth (Ägyptische Mythologie) ägyptischer Pharao, siehe Seth (König) kanadischer Comic Zeichner und Texter, siehe Seth …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Seth — /seth/, n. 1. the third son of Adam. Gen. 4:25 2. a male given name: from a Hebrew word meaning substitute. /sayt/, n. Egyptian Relig. Set. * * * I or Set Ancient Egyptian god and patron of the 11th nome, or province, of Upper Egypt. A trickster …   Universalium

  • SETH — (Heb. שֵׁת), antediluvian patriarch, son of Adam and Eve. The Bible has preserved two different traditions regarding Seth. In one Seth is the third son of Adam and Eve, born to them after the murder of Abel (Gen. 4:25 (J). His name is said to… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Seth [1] — Seth (Set), ägypt. Gott, der als Stadtgott vornehmlich in dem oberägyptischen Ombos (auf dem westlichen Nilufer bei Nagâde) verehrt und nach der Gründung des oberägyptischen Reiches zu dessen Schutzgottheit wurde. Die Sage berichtet von den… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Seth — m Biblical: name (from a Hebrew word meaning ‘appointed, placed’) of the third son of Adam, who was born after the murder of Abel (Genesis 4: 25, ‘And Adam knew his wife again; and she bare a son, and called his name Seth: For God, said she, hath …   First names dictionary

  • Seth — Seth1 [seth] n. [LL(Ec) < Gr(Ec) Sēth < Heb shet, lit., appointed < shat, to put] 1. a masculine name 2. Bible the third son of Adam: Gen. 4:25 Seth2 [sāt] n. var. of SET …   English World dictionary

  • Seth — Seth, prop. n. (Egyptian Mythology) An evil beast headed god with high square ears and a long snout; his was the brother and murderer of Osiris. Called also {Set} [WordNet 1.6] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Seth — dieu égyptien du Mal et des Ténèbres, frère d Osiris, qu il assassina. Seth personnage biblique, troisième fils d Adam et d éve (Genèse, IV, 25) …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Seth — (d.i. der Gesetzte, Ersatzmann), dritter Sohn Adams, welchen Eva nach dem Tode Abels u. dem Abfall Kains gebar u. welcher 912 Jahre alt geworden sein soll. Die Secte der Sethianer (s.d.) hielten S. für den Sohn eines weiblichen Äon, geschaffen an …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Seth [2] — Seth, nach 1. Mos. 4 u. 5 Sohn Adams, Stammvater der Sethiten, die sich vor den Nachkommen seines Bruders Kain (Kainiten) durch Gottesfurcht auszeichneten. S., der zweite der sogen. Urväter, erreichte wie diese ein ungewöhnlich hohes Alter; er… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

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