René Pleven


René Pleven

Infobox Prime Minister
name=René Pleven


order=Prime Minister of France
term_start =12 July 1950
term_end =10 March 1951
predecessor =Henri Queuille
successor =Henri Queuille
term_start2 =11 August 1951
term_end2 =20 January 1952
predecessor2 =Henri Queuille
successor2 =Edgar Faure
birth_date =birth date|1901|04|15
death_date =death date and age|1993|01|13|1901|04|15
party=UDSR

René Pleven (15 April 1901 – 13 January 1993) was a notable French politician of the Fourth Republic. A member of the Free French, he helped found the Democratic and Socialist Union of the Resistance (UDSR), a political party that was meant to be a successor to the wartime Resistance movement. He served as prime minister several times in the early 1950s, where his most notable contribution was the introduction of the Pleven Plan, which called for a European Defense Community between France, Italy, West Germany, and the Benelux countries.

Early life

René Pleven was born in Rennes on 15 April 1901 as the son of a commissioned officer and director of studies at the Special Military School of St. Cyr.de icon [http://www.dhm.de/lemo/html/biografien/PlevenRene/index.html René Pleven] . "DHM".] After studying law at the University of Paris, he failed the exam for the financial corps of the civil service, so he decided to move to the United States, Canada, and Great Britain to work there. He rose to the become a telephone company executive. In 1934, he married Anne Bompard.Lambert, Bruce: "Rene Pleven, 91, Prime Minister Of France Twice in Early 1950's". "New York Times". 20 January 1993.]

Wartime

Immediately after the breakout of the Second World War, he was in charge of encouraging the construction of aircraft for the Allies in the United States and of purchasing planes for France. As late as 1939, Pleven stated that he "Politics do not interest me," [http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,821433,00.html Pour la France] . "Time".] but then a year later, he joined Charles de Gaulle's Free French Forces, which resisted the Nazi-allied French Vichy Regime. Pleven helped rally support for Free France in the country's African colonies, Chad, Cameroon, Gabon and Congo. Returning to London, where de Gaulle and his forces were exiled, in 1941, he became national commissioner for the economy, finance, the colonies and foreign affairs of the French National Committee. In this role, he presided over a 1944 conference in Brazzaville, which opted for a more liberal policy towards the colonies and ultimately spurred the region's independence movements.

Postwar years

After France's liberation, he was the Minister of the Economy and Finance in the provisional government. After the war, Pleven was elected a legislator from the Cotes-du-Nord department. In 1946, he broke with Charles de Gaulle and founded the Democratic and Socialist Union of the Resistance (UDSR) serving as the party's president from 1946 to 1953. The party was positioned between the Radical Socialists and the Socialists, favoring limited industrial nationalization and state controls. He then held several Cabinet posts, most notably Defense Minister from 1949 to 1950. In July 1950 he became the country's Prime Minister, as power was shifting to the right. A vehement supporter of European integration, he pushed the ratification of the Schuman Plan for European integration creating the European Coal and Steel Community as Prime Minister. He had to face opposition from both left and right to push it through, but he collected enough votes in parliament by promising to increase farm loans and to lower taxes for low-income groups. After three days and two nights of debate, the treaty was ratified. He served until February 1951 and then again from August 1951 to January 1952, resigning over disagreements about budget deficits. [ [http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,859530,00.html France & the Schuman Plan] . "Time". 24 December 1951.]

He then became Defense Minister again. His proposal for a European Defense Community, in which to integrate a re-armed Germany, known as the Pleven Plan, was defeated by the Gaullists, communists, and socialists. He also advocated a hard hand in defending French colonial rule in Indochina. In 1953, he resigned as chairman of the UDSR after his party supported the Vietnam peace talks. Being Minister of Defense from 1952 to 1954, he was responsible when the French lost the Battle of Dien Bien Phu initiating the crumbling of French hegemony in the whole region. In 1957, President René Coty offered him to become Prime Minister again, but he turned down. [ [http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,937450,00.html The Little Plum] . "Time". 10 June 1957.] Instead, he became the Fourth Republic's last Foreign Minister in 1958.

In 1966, Pleven's wife died. He had had two daughters, Françoise and Nicole, with her. From 1969 to 1973, he served as Minister of Justice. Losing re-election as legislator in 1973, he became president of a regional development council in his native Brittany. He died of heart failure on 13 January 1993.

Governments

First ministry (12 July 1950 - 10 March 1951)

*René Pleven - President of the Council
*Robert Schuman - Minister of Foreign Affairs
*Guy Mollet - Minister for the Council of Europe
*Jules Moch - Minister of National Defense
*Henri Queuille - Minister of the Interior
*Maurice Petsche - Minister of Finance and Economic Affairs
*Edgar Faure - Minister of Budget
*Jean-Marie Louvel - Minister of Commerce and Industry
*Paul Bacon - Minister of Labour and Social Security
*René Mayer - Minister of Justice
*Gaston Defferre - Minister of Merchant Marine
*Pierre-Olivier Lapie - Minister of National Education
*Louis Jacquinot - Minister of Veterans and War Victims
*Pierre Pflimlin - Minister of Agriculture
*François Mitterrand - Minister of Overseas France
*Antoine Pinay - Minister of Public Works, Transport, and Tourism
*Pierre Schneiter - Minister of Public Health and Population
*Eugène Claudius-Petit - Minister of Reconstruction and Town Planning
*Charles Brune - Minister of Posts
*Albert Gazier - Minister of Information
*Jean Letourneau - Minister of Relations with Partner States
*Paul Giacobbi - Minister without Portfolio

econd Ministry (11 August 1951 - 20 January 1952)

*René Pleven - President of the Council
*Georges Bidault - Vice President of the Council and Minister of National Defense
*René Mayer - Vice President of the Council and Minister of Finance and Economic Affairs
*Robert Schuman - Minister of Foreign Affairs
*Charles Brune - Minister of the Interior
*Pierre Courant - Minister of Budget
*Jean-Marie Louvel - Minister of Industry
*Paul Bacon - Minister of Labour and Social Security
*Edgar Faure - Minister of Justice
*André Morice - Minister of Merchant Marine
*André Marie - Minister of National Education
*Emmanuel Temple - Minister of Veterans and War Victims
*Paul Antier - Minister of Agriculture
*Louis Jacquinot - Minister of Overseas France
*Antoine Pinay - Minister of Public Works, Transport, and Tourism
*Paul Ribeyre - Minister of Public Health and Population
*Eugène Claudius-Petit - Minister of Reconstruction and Town Planning
*Joseph Laniel - Minister of Posts
*Robert Buron - Minister of Information
*Pierre Pflimlin - Minister of Commerce and External Economic Relations
*Jean Letourneau - Minister of State
*Maurice Petsche - Minister of State
*Henri Queuille - Minister of State

Changes:
*16 September 1951 - Minister of State Maurice Petsche dies.
*4 October 1951 - Joseph Laniel becomes a Minister of State. Roger Duchet succeeds Laniel as Minister of Posts.
*21 November 1951 - Camille Laurens succeeds Antier as Minister of Agriculture.

References


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • René Pleven — derrière le général de Gaulle alors que Léon Geismar l accueille à Dakar en 1943 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Rene Pleven — René Pleven René Pleven …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Rene Pleven — René Pleven (* 15. April 1901 in Rennes; † 13. Januar 1993 in Paris) war ein französischer Politiker. Nach seinem Studium der Rechtswissenschaft und der Politik in Paris mit anschließender juristischer Promotion war Pleven bis 1939 Direktor einer …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • René Pleven — 1943 René Pleven (* 15. April 1901 in Rennes; † 13. Januar 1993 in Paris) war ein französischer Politiker. Nach seinem Studium der Rechtswissenschaft und der Politi …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Gouvernement Rene Pleven (1) — Gouvernement René Pleven (1) Gouvernement René Pleven (1) Régime Quatrième République Président du Conseil René Pleven Début 12 juillet 1950 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Gouvernement Rene Pleven (2) — Gouvernement René Pleven (2) Gouvernement René Pleven (2) Régime Quatrième République Président du Conseil René Pleven Début 11 août 1951 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Gouvernement René Pleven (1) — Régime Quatrième République Président du Conseil René Pleven Début 12 juillet 1950 Fin 28 février 1951 Durée …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Gouvernement René Pleven (2) — Régime Quatrième République Président du Conseil René Pleven Début 11 août 1951 Fin 7 janvier 1952 Durée …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Gouvernement Rene Pleven — Gouvernement René Pleven  Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents gouvernements portant le même nom. Gouvernement René Pleven (1), du 12 juillet 1950 au 28 février 1951 ; Gouvernement René Pleven (2), du 11 août 1951 au 7… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Gouvernements René Pleven — Gouvernement René Pleven  Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents gouvernements portant le même nom. Gouvernement René Pleven (1), du 12 juillet 1950 au 28 février 1951 ; Gouvernement René Pleven (2), du 11 août 1951 au 7… …   Wikipédia en Français


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.