Nadiad

Nadiad
—  city  —
Nadiad
Location of Nadiad
in Gujarat and India
Coordinates 22°42′N 72°52′E / 22.7°N 72.87°E / 22.7; 72.87Coordinates: 22°42′N 72°52′E / 22.7°N 72.87°E / 22.7; 72.87
Country India
State Gujarat
District(s) Kheda
Mayor
Population 192,799 (2001)
Time zone IST (UTC+05:30)
Area

Elevation


35 metres (115 ft)

Website www.nadiad.co www.mynadiad.com www.nadiad.co

Nadiad (Gujarati:નડીયાદ, Hindi:नडीयाद) is a city and an administrative center of the Kheda district in the Indian state of Gujarat.

The city is famous for its socio-educational-religious humanitarian services led by Santram Mandir and supported by institutions of higher learning such as Dharamsinh Desai University, Muljibhai Patel Patel Urological Hospital (www.mpuh.org) - popularly known as Kidney Hospital offers 3-year DNB Super Specialty Courses; Muljibhai Patel Society for Research in Nephro-Urology; Jayaramdas Patel Academic Centre (JPAC); Mission Heart Institute, Mahagujarat Hosptial and Heart Center, and the Civil Hospital.

Like Amul has become synonymous with Anand town, the Nadiad Kidney hospital has become synonymous with Nadiad. MPUH and JPAC are frequented by visitors from all over the world. The Vaniavad junction, which comes under the historic national 'Dandi March heritage Corridor', has been aptly named as the 'KIDNEY CIRCLE'.

An extraordinary example of the socio-religious humanitarian service was the Santram Nagar, (Navaguam) Kutch project.[1] After the devastating 2001 Gujarat earthquake, Santram Mandir; in partnership with Gujarat Government; built the brand new town in less than a year to resettle thousands of people affected by the calamity.

Contents

History of Establishment

The city of Nadiad is said to have been settled by rope dancers, hence the historical name of "Natapadra" (outskirts of/for nata-s) or "Natpur" (city for nata-s). It is also referred to as 'Nandgam'. The city has nine routes, and on each route there is a step well. The city is also well known for the number 9: there are 9 villages or towns located to all the 9 roads that exit from Nadiad; 9 step wells around the city; and 9 lakes in the city. Nadiad was also known as 'Shakshar Bhumi' - The land of educated.

It is home to many great poets and authors like Jhaverchand Meghani, Ambalal Purani, and Mahadevbhai Desai. The city was formerly ruled by Muslims, and later on by the Gayakwad of Baroda. Malhar Rao Gayakwad built the first Hindu temple called Narayan Dev Mandir located in the center of the city.

The Patidars are the main residents of city. They are separated into 5 groups: '''Chatiyawad, Kochatvago,Desai Vago, Kakarkhad, Lakhawad, and Pij Bhagor. The Kochatvago population is diminished very few of their heirs are living in Bapu ni Khadki. The Patidar of Samdi Chakla are from Lakhawad pati. The resident of Manordas ni Khadki are the heirs of Kakarkhad. The Patidars of Desai Vago were the descendants of Kheta Patel. Vaghjibhai Samaldas Desai constructed a pond named Kheta Talav in 1798. In 1800, he was honored by Gaekwad and given the title "Desai". Haridas Viharidas Desai and Bechardas Viharidas Desai were the Diwans of Junagadh. They lived at Nadiad ni haveli which has 249 rooms and was constructed in 1783. They are distinguished as Bhao Shaeb (respected brother in Maharastra). Dharamsinh Desai was a member of the Indian Parliament and a well-known industrialist. He established many heavy and light industries and was a major contributor to the Dharamsinh Desai University in Nadiad. Dr. Narendra Dharmsinh Desai followed in his father's footsteps and established an electronic industry as well as the Dharamsinh Agricultural and Industrial Research Foundation.

The eminent Desai from the Bapuji Desai's khadki were Tulsidas, his son Vithalbhai, grandsons Dr. Virendra. Tulsidas Desai was the first barrister in the Kheda district. Vithalbhai was the Subordinate Civil Judge. Dr. Virendra Desai established the Muljibhai Urological Hospital and the Research Institute of Kidney Diseases, for which Jayrambhai Muljibhai Patel (Chairman of Rohit Paper and Pulp Millis) of Kakarkhad donated generously. Maganbhai Prabhudas was the Vice Chancellor of Gujarat University. C. C. Desai and his brother, Manubhai Desai, form Sojitrani Khadki were I.C.S. C.C. Desai was the co-student of Subhash Chandra Bose and also the administrative officer during the British regime and Independent India. He was elected as M.P. from Banas Kantha. Manubhai Desai was the Judge of the Supreme Court of India. Govindbhai Desai from Bhavandias Khadki was the Deputy. Prime Minister in Baroda State. Motibhai Purshottamdas Desai from the Ramdasni Khadki was a prominent timber merchant in north Gujarat towns of Kalol, Kadi, Dhansura, Talod, and Dehgam. His elder brother Maganbhai Desai was the first engineer from the entire Desai Vago who worked in distance land of Lahore before the partition.

The eminent Patidars from Kakarkhad were two brothers: Jayantibhai and Manubhai. I.V. Patel and the two brothers donated generously to the Nadiad Education Society to build the Commerce and Arts Colleges, receptively. Babubhai Jashbhai Patel was elected as M.L.A. at the age of 26 and was the Chief Minster of Gujarat State from the period 1977-1980.

Ratilal Kushaldas Patel of Lakhawad was the first Patel to be the President of the Board of Control of Cricket (CCI) in India and was also a member of the MCC in England. Being warriors as well as politically active, the Patidars of Samadi Chakla, contributed greatly to the independence Movement and for the Movement of Maha Gujarat. The warriors blocked the military train, destroyed the railroad tracks, and saved the city of Ahmedabad by opposing in rolet Act of the British Government.

The Patidars were apprehended and prosecuted in court. The case was named the "Patta Case". Maganbhai was dubbed as "Raja" by the people of Nadiad for his leading role when all were acquitted in the "Patta Case". A famous Gurbo called Mujro, was written and sung at the famous Ambaji Temple. The Gurbo describes the Patta Case and is still sung during Navaratri Festival by Maravadis of Nadiad.

Ravjibhai Ishwerbhai Patel's only son, Shaheed Arvind, was the first warrior to sacrifice his life in the Maha Gujarat Movement. Today, Patel Madan is still considered to be the hub of political activities in Ahmedabad, Gujarat. Ramanbhai G. Patel, of Samadi Chakla was the first principle of the College of Physical Education in Rajpipla, Gujarat. C.J. Patel of the Por, well known tobacco Merchant, donated to the Nadiad Education Society to build the J&J Science College of Nadiad. Goverdhanram Madhav Rao Tripathi of Nadiad, was an author of the great Gujarti novel, Saravathichandra. Santram Mandir was constructed one hundred and fifty years ago And Mai Mandir [1] was constructed sixty five years ago. These temples contributed to the social, educational, and religious need of the people of Nadiad and other villages of the Kheda district. Vithal Kanya Vidyalay, in memory of Veer Vitalbhai, educated women to become social and political leaders. Hindu Anath Ashram (Orphanage) of Nadiad is renowned for its services to the orphans.

It is said that during the reign of Ramalhad, Nadiad was ruled by seven patis. Around Salun Boarder and mosque was the ‘jagir’ (property) of Jerambhai Bechardas, was the area of Sidibaxi. Ramaldhad’s ‘pati’ located in Alhadvaga. These ‘patis’ suggest that the people living in these areas are ‘Patidars’ who are the main agricultural landlords of Kheda district. The government revenue department has based its revenue system on thiese. The following are the seven ‘patis’: alad pati.kakarkhad pati, chaklashi pati ‘ lakhavaad pati, hirjee pati ‘ ratanjee pati and killedari pati

Besides Patidar other communities such as Brahmins, Vaniks, and Muslims also contributed in the development of Nadiad. Patel's from Mota-pore, Vachewad and Nana-pore, are now among the new generation who are contributing towards the development of Nadiad. Nadiad was mainly established by Nagars, the eminent caste in Gujarat and not by patidars as everybody knows that Nadiad is known as "shakshar bhumi" not only because of Nagars but because there are 9 shakshars (highly knowledgeable and highly qualified) and all of them are Nagars; they are highly respectable not only in Nadiad but in whole world. Poets like Govardhanram Tripathi and Mast Kavi are Nagars.

Nadiad "Bhausaheb Ni Haveli" has 249 rooms in the house, which is less by just 91 rooms than the "Rashtrapati Bhavan" in New Delhi; this prestigious haveli belonged to Bhausaheb during the pre-independence era where Swami Vivekanand has stayed and Mahatma Gandhi has stayed for a night during the "Satyagrah".

The town has made important contributions in the field of freedom struggle, pioneering journalism, educational activities and jurisprudence. Ravjibhai Patel of Azad pole, Mohanlal Shah and Champaklal Shah of Manordas ni Khadki were the freedom fighters. To support the armed struggle against the British, Mr. Ravji Patel participated in robbery of Post office, he buried his gun used in the robbery in the Bhani Kui of his farm land. The Patels of Manordas Ni Khadki was the most educated community in those days. The small members were engineer, doctors, translators of Indian scriptures. Shankarlal Galabhai was the last Mukhi who ran the Kakarkhad pati from office opposite to Manordas ni Khaki and was not appreciated by the majority members of Kakakhad! Mr. Chunibhai Patel was the one who designed the dranage and water system of Nadiad.

Mahatma Gandhi had started his first ‘satyagraha’ movement upon his return from South Africa at nowhere else but in the district of Kheda and had resided in the alms-house of Nadiad.

Geography

Nadiad is located at 22°42′N 72°52′E / 22.7°N 72.87°E / 22.7; 72.87.[2] It has an average elevation of 35 metres (114 feet). There number of doctors who helped nadiad to mitigate risk of health. Dr Vitthalbhai r patel, Iswarbhai patel gratuated from University of London and honored Fellowship in Royal Medical association.

Demographics

As of 2001 India census,[3] Nadiad had a population of 192,799. Males constitute 52% of the population and females 48%. Nadiad has an average literacy rate of 78%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 82%, and female literacy is 73%. In Nadiad, 9% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Scholars and Personalities

The seat of Santarm Maharaj and the Santram Temple earned fame not only for its religious importance, but for the public service activities, such as free medical care and feeding the beggars and sadhu-sant. Nadiad was also the land of laureates and literatures during the later years of l9th century and beginning of the 20th. The author of the epic Gujarati novel 'Saraswatichandra', Govardhanram Tripathi, Mansukhram Shivaram, Zaverilal Yagnik, Ranchhodbhai Udayram, Manilal Nabhubhai, Balashanker, the poet-painter Phoolchand Master, Rasakavi Raghunath Brahmbhatt were a few of the many literary personalities. The residence of Govardhanram has been preserved and his statue has been placed in the heart of the town.

Shree Praful Patel, The Minister of Civil Aviation is also from Nadiad. Shree Dinsha Patel, the M.P. from Nadiad is the current Independent Union Minister of State in the Ministry of Mines.

Pujya Mota was a great spiritual leader from Nadiad. Nadiad is also the birth-place of freedom fighter, statesman, and first Deputy Prime Minister of India, Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel. DR T B Patel, kakarkhad, Director of Civil Hospital, one of the founder of Gujarat Cancer and Research Institute (GCRI) and Best citizen of India , 2000 award winner Mr. Shankarbhai Galabhai Patel who translated Bhagvad Gita in to English was also from Nadiad.

Education

Schools

  • St. Anne's High School, Nadiad
  • New English School
  • Swami Vivekanand Vidya Vihar
  • Jivan Vikas High School
  • Basudiwala High School
  • SNV International School
  • knowledge high school
  • St.Marry's high school
  • Sharda Mandir secondary day school/Sharda mandir primary school
  • School no.1 to 45 (municipal schools and they improve you scholerships)
  • kids care
  • euro kids
  • Bhartiya Vidhya Bhavan's

Computer Education Institutes
RUCHI-VISION COMPUTER is a leading Computer Institute, provides all kind of Computer Courses in very low cost of fees. Ruchi-Vision is a proud of Kheda District.

Akshar Institute of Information Technoly is also a fine institute.

University

  • Dharamsinh Desai University
  • Muljibhai Patel Urological Hospital (www.mpuh.org) offers 3-year DNB (Diplomate National Board) Super Specialty Courses in Urology, Nephrology and Anesthesiology.

Colleges

  • C. B. Patel Arts College
  • Dharmsinh Desai University
  • Dharmsinh Desai Institute of Business Administration.
  • Dharmsinh Desai Institute of Commerce
  • Dharmsinh Desai Institute of Technology
  • Dharmsinh Desai Dental College
  • Dharmsinh Desai Pharmacy College
  • I. V. Patel College of Commerce
  • J.S. Patel Ayurvedic College
  • J & J College of Science
  • M. S. Bhagat & C. S. Sonawala Law College
  • Methodist Mission Nursing School
  • T. J. Patel English Medium Commerce College

Transport

The Ahmedabad-Mumbai railway line serves Nadiad. The railway junction is also connected to Vaso and Bhadran on a narrow gauge line as well as Modasa on a meter gauge line. The newly built Gujarat Expressway (a limited access divided highway) has an exit for Nadiad offering a rapid transport service to Ahmedabad, Vadodara or Anand. National Highway (NH) 8 connects the city with smaller towns and villages offering excellent, affordable and rapid transport service for business, education and leisure. Gujarat State Transport buses connect Nadiad to other major cities of Gujarat as well as neighbouring states and there is a city transit system, and autorickshaws abound.

Industries

The city is a hub of industrial productivity led by the New Shorrock Mills of the Mafatlal Group. Other major industrial units providing valuable employment to the local population are IPCO, Apex Plastics Pvt. Ltd., American Dryfruits, Sweety Biscuits - manufacturing unit of Parle-G Biscuits and Ashoka Foods - manufacturer of packaged food. The city is also a major trading center of Indian spices such as jeera, hing, haldi and rai (mustard seeds) as well as cotton. Being the administrative center of the Kheda District, Nadiad has RTO, District Collector and Records offices which bring thousands of people to the city to transact official business.

Cinemas and entertainment

Cinemas halls in the city include Vaishali,Alka, Rajhans multiplex and Globe. One phenomenon that has gained popularity is the establishment of "party plots". These are giant sized parcels of land which allow individuals to congregate for festive occasions such as weddings.

Tourism

Santram Mandir, famous for its carvings, is located in Nadiad. The 700 year old Sri Raxeshwar Mahadev temple, dedicated to lord Shiva, is till date served by a Living Saint. The 110 years old Methodist Church and Methodist mission hospital are also a worth visiting place. The school for deaf and dumb and Badhir Garden are also points of attraction. More than 200 years old Shree Mota Narayandev Temple and The Bhairav Temple is the oldest temple in Nadiad.

Also, Mai Mandir, Amba Ashram, BAPS Swaminarayan Mandir are also a worth visiting Place,

Hospitals and Health care

Nadiad is a major centre of general and specialized health care services. Some of the major hospitals located in Nadiad are:

  • Muljibhai Patel Urological hospital (also known as Kidney Hospital)
  • D.D.M.M.Institute of Cardiac Surgery (also known as Heart Hospital-Mission Road-Nadiad)
  • Mahagujarat Hospital
  • Civil Hospital which is only one Government Hospital for Kheda District
  • Methodist Mission Hospital (General Hospital Situated at Mission Road- Nadiad)
  • Ayurvedic Hospital at J. S. Patel Ayurvedic College

References

  1. ^ The Sunday Times of India, Varsity Department to build first quake-resistant village. May 20th 2001
  2. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Nadiad
  3. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. http://web.archive.org/web/20040616075334/http://www.censusindia.net/results/town.php?stad=A&state5=999. Retrieved 2008-11-01. 

External links


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