Duchy of Saxe-Meiningen
State of the Holy Roman Empire,
State of the Confederation of the Rhine,
State of the German Confederation,
State of the North German Confederation,
State of the German Empire
← 1680–1918 Flag Coat of arms Anthem
Vaterlandsgesang der Sachsen-Meininger
Capital Meiningen Government Principality Duke - 1675–1706 Bernhard I - 1914–18 Bernhard III Historical era Middle Ages - Partitioned from
1680 - Acquired
1826 - Duchy abolished 1918 - Merged into Thuringia 1920 Area - 1905 2,468 km2 (953 sq mi) Population - 1905 est. 269,000 Density 109 /km2 (282.3 /sq mi)
Established in 1681, by partition of the Ernestine duchy of Saxe-Gotha among the seven sons of deceased Duke Ernest the Pious, the Saxe-Meiningen line of the House of Wettin lasted, without much distinction, until the end of the German monarchies in 1918.
Upon the 1680 partition, the former Franconian lands of the extinct House of Henneberg fell to Ernest's third son, Bernhard, who chose the town of Meiningen as his residence and thereby became the first Duke of Saxe-Meiningen. From 1682 Duke Bernhard I had the Schloss Elisabethenburg built and in 1690 established a court orchestra (Hofkapelle), whose later Kapellmeister was Johann Ludwig Bach.
In the reshuffle of Ernestine territories that occurred following the extinction of the Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg line upon the death of Duke Frederick IV in 1825, Duke Bernhard II of Saxe-Meiningen received the lands of the former Duchy of Saxe-Hildburghausen as well as the Saalfeld territory of the former Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld duchy. As Bernhard II had supported Austria in the 1866 Austro-Prussian War, the prime minister of victorious Prussia, Otto von Bismarck enforced his resignation in favour of his son Georg II, after which Saxe-Meiningen was admitted to join the North German Confederation.
In the German Revolution after World War I Duke Bernhard III, brother-in-law of Emperor Wilhelm II, on 10 November 1918 was forced to abdicate. The succeeding Free State of Saxe-Meiningen was merged into the new state of Thuringia in 1920.
In 1905 the capital Meiningen had an area of 2,468 km² and a population of 269,000. The summer residence was at Altenstein Castle. Since 1868 the duchy comprised the Kreise (districts) of Hildburghausen, Sonneberg and Saalfeld as well as the northern exclaves of Camburg and Kranichfeld.
The present head of the Ducal House of Saxe-Meiningen is Prince Frederick Konrad (born 1952). Since he has no heir, the representation of his house, after its extinction, will pass to the Head of the Grand Ducal House of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach.
Dukes of Saxe-Meiningen
- Bernhard I (1680–1706)
- Ernst Ludwig I (1706–24), son of Bernhard I
- Ernst Ludwig II (1724–29), son of Ernst Ludwig I
- Karl Frederick (1729–43), son of Ernst Ludwig I
- Frederick Wilhelm (1743–46), son of Bernhard I
- Anton Ulrich (1746–63), son of Bernhard I
- Karl Wilhelm (1763–82), son of Anton Ulrich
- Georg I (1782–1803), son of Anton Ulrich
- Bernhard II (1803–66), son of Georg I
- Georg II (1866–1914), son of Bernhard II
- Bernhard III (1914–18), son of Georg II
Dukedom abolished in 1918
Heads of the Ducal House of Saxe-Meiningen, post-monarchy
- Bernhard III (1918–1928)
- Prince Ernst (1928–1941)
- Prince Georg III (1941–1946)
- Prince Bernhard IV (1946–1984)
- Prince Konrad (1984–Present)
- Saxe-Meiningen Family Genealogy
- Chisholm, Hugh, ed (1911). "Saxe-Meiningen". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.
Upper Saxon Circle (1512–1806) of the Holy Roman Empire Electorates Ecclesiastical Secular Prelates Counts / Lords
Saxe-Weimar (1572–1806) · Saxe-Coburg-Eisenach (1572–1596, 1633-1638) · Saxe-Coburg (1596–1633, 1681–1699) · Saxe-Eisenach (1596–1638, 1640–1644, 1672–1806) · Saxe-Altenburg (1603–1672, 1826–1918) · Saxe-Gotha (1640–1680) · Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg (1681–1826) · Saxe-Marksuhl (1662–1672) · Saxe-Jena (1672–1690) · Saxe-Eisenberg (1680–1707) · Saxe-Hildburghausen (1680–1826) · Saxe-Römhild (1680–1710) · Saxe-Saalfeld (1680–1735) · Saxe-Meiningen (1681–1918) · Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld (1735–1826) · Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach (1806–1918) · Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (1826–1918)
States of the Confederation of the Rhine (1806–13) Rank elevated
by NapoleonKingdomsGrand Duchies
States createdKingdomsGrand DuchiesPrincipalities Pre-existing
statesDuchiesPrincipalities1 from 1810. 2 until 1810. 3 until 1809. 4 from 1809. 5 until 1811.
States of the German Confederation (1815–66) Empires Kingdoms Electorates Grand Duchies Duchies Principalities City-states Other territories
outside of the
confederacyColonial possessions · Personal unions of Habsburg (Bukovina · Croatia · Galicia and Lodomeria · Hungary · Lombardy–Venetia · Serbian Voivodeship and Banat8 · Slavonia9 · Transylvania) · Personal union of Hanover (Great Britain and Ireland10) · Personal unions of Hohenzollern (East Prussia11 · Neuchâtel12 · Posen, Gr. Duchy13 · Posen, Prov.14 · Prussia, Prov.15 · West Prussia11) · Occupied: Schleswig161 w/o areas listed under other territories. 2 Merged with Anhalt from 1863. 3 until 1847. 4 from 1839. 5 from 1826. 6 until 1826. 7 until 1850. 8 1849–60. 9 as of 1849. 10 until 1837. 11 until 1829. 12 until 1848/57. 13 until 1848. 14 as of 1848. 15 as of 1829. 16 as of 1864.
States of the North German Confederation (1866–71) Kingdoms Grand Duchies Duchies Principalities City-states States of the German Empire (1871–1918) Kingdoms Grand Duchies Duchies Principalities City-states Other territoriesElsaß-Lothringen · Colonial possessions
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Saxe-Meiningen — • A Saxon Thuringian duchy. The duchy came into existence in 1681, as the result of the various succession agreements among the seven sons of Duke Ernest the Pious of Saxe Gotha Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Saxe Meiningen … Catholic encyclopedia
Saxe-Meiningen — Duché de Saxe Meiningen Le duché de Saxe Meiningen ou duché de Saxe Meiningen Hildburghausen était l un des duchés saxons, et fut l un des vingt cinq États confédérés de l Empire allemand. Il avait pour bornes : au nord : la Saxe… … Wikipédia en Français
Saxe-Meiningen — /saks muy ning euhn/, n. a former duchy in Thuringia in central Germany. * * * … Universalium
Saxe-Meiningen — /sæks ˈmaɪnɪŋən/ (say saks muyninguhn) noun a former duchy in Thuringia in central Germany … Australian English dictionary
Saxe-Meiningen — /saks muy ning euhn/, n. a former duchy in Thuringia in central Germany … Useful english dictionary
Saxe-Meiningen-Hildburghausen — Duché de Saxe Meiningen Le duché de Saxe Meiningen ou duché de Saxe Meiningen Hildburghausen était l un des duchés saxons, et fut l un des vingt cinq États confédérés de l Empire allemand. Il avait pour bornes : au nord : la Saxe… … Wikipédia en Français
Georg II, Duke of Saxe-Meiningen — Georg II Duke of Saxe Meiningen Duke of Saxe Meiningen Reign 20 September 1866 – 25 June 1914 ( 1000000000000004700000047 years, & … Wikipedia
Princess Charlotte of Saxe-Meiningen — Duchess of Saxe Gotha Altenburg Spouse Ernest II, Duke of Saxe Gotha Altenburg Issue Ernest, Hereditary Prince of Sa … Wikipedia
Bernhard, Prince of Saxe-Meiningen — Bernhard (IV) Prince of Saxe Meiningen Head of the House of Saxe Meiningen Period 6 January 1946 – 4 October 1984 Predecessor Prince Georg Successor Prince Konrad … Wikipedia
Antoine Ulrich De Saxe-Meiningen — Antoine Ulrich de Saxe Meiningen, né le 22 octobre 1687 à Meiningen, décédé le 27 janvier 1763 à Francfort. Antoine Ulrich de Saxe Meiningen fut duc de Saxe Meiningen. Ce prince appartint à la troisième branche de la Maiso … Wikipédia en Français