Federal Credit Union Act


Federal Credit Union Act

The Federal Credit Union Act is a United States federal law [See 12 U.S.C. §§ 1751-1795k, available at http://www.ncua.gov/RegulationsOpinionsLaws/fcu_act/fcu_act.pdf] signed into law by President Franklin D. Roosevelt in 1934. The purpose of the law was to make credit available and promote thrift through a national system of nonprofit, cooperative credit unions. This Act established the federal credit union system and created the Bureau of Federal Credit Unions, the predecessor to the National Credit Union Administration, to charter and oversee federal credit unions. The general provisions in the Federal Act were based on the Massachusetts Credit Union Act of 1909, [Presently codified at Mass. Gen. Laws ch. 171, §§ 1-84 (2008)] and became the basis of many other state credit union laws. Under the provisions of the Federal Credit Union Act, a credit union may be chartered under either federal or state law, a system known as dual chartering, which is still in existence today.

Credit union law in the U.S. built on earlier legislation such as that developed by Franz Hermann Schulze-Delitzsch in Germany and Alphonse Desjardins in Canada. Among the individuals responsible for formulating credit union legislation in the United States were Edward Filene, Pierre Jay and Roy Bergengren.

The Federal Credit Union Act is amended periodically to evolve and remain a modern credit union law. This contemporary law, coupled with the NCUA Board's commitment to reduce regulatory burden, enables federal credit unions to offer a variety of services to meet the financial needs of their members. For example, in addition to basic passbook share savings accounts, many federal credit unions offer share drafts, share certificates, credit cards, and individual retirement accounts. In recent years, many have expanded their lending programs to include real estate, member business, and guaranteed student loans as well as the traditional consumer loans (primarily auto and signature loans). As technology evolves, more and more federal credit unions respond by offering transaction services by telephone and by personal computer via the internet.

References

External links

* [http://www.nafcu.org/ National Association of Federal Credit Unions]
* U.S. government information about [http://www.pueblo.gsa.gov/cic_text/money/credit-unions/fedcredt.htm federal credit unions]
* [http://www.ncua.gov/AboutNCUA/Index.htm NCUA History]
* A [http://www.usafedcu.org/about/creditunion.html brief history of credit unions] on USA Federal Credit Union's web site.


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