Louis of Toulouse
name= Saint Louis of Toulouse
death_date=August 19, 1297
Roman Catholic Church
caption= "Louis of Toulouse", by
Piero della Francesca
birth_place= Brignoles, France
death_place= Brignoles, France
canonized_date=April 7, 1317
attributes=boy bishop, often with a discarded crown by his feet; represented vested in pontifical garments and holding a book and a crosier
Mission San Luis Obispo de Tolosa
Saint Louis of Toulouse (February 1274 –
August 19, 1297) was a cadet of the royal French house of Anjouwho was made a Catholic bishop. The California mission, city and county of San Luis Obispo, California, are named after him.
He was born in
Brignoles, Provence, the second son of Charles of Anjou "the Lame" and Maria Arpad of Hungary. His father was appointed King of Naples, by Pope Clement IV, the former secretary to Louis IX of France. The boy was himself a nephew of St Louis and of Mary of Hungary(her great-aunt being Saint Elizabeth of Hungary).
When his father was made prisoner in
Italy, during the war with King Pedro III of Aragon that followed the Sicilian Vespers, he obtained his own freedom by giving over his three sons as hostages. The boys were taken to Barcelona—Aragonese territory—where they were placed under the care of Franciscan friars for their education and held for seven years. Though still held in captivity, Louis was made archbishop of Lyonas soon as he reached his majority. When his older brother died in 1295, Louis also became heir to his father's secular titles; however, when he was freed that same year, Louis went to Rome and gave up all claims to his royal inheritance in favor of his brother Robert of Anjouand announced that instead he would take the Franciscan vows of poverty, chastity, and obedience.
February 5, 1297as he took the Franciscan vows, Louis was also consecrated Bishop of Toulouse, where his uncle, Alphonse of Toulousehad until recently been Count, but had died in 1271 leaving no heir. In this ambivalently dynastic and ecclesiastical position, in a territory between Provence and Aquitaine that was essential to Angevin interests, despite the princely standing that had won him this important appointment at the age of about 22, Louis rapidly gained a reputation for serving the poor, feeding the hungry, and ignoring his own needs. After just six months, however, apparently exhausted by his labors, he abandoned the position of Bishop. Six months later, at age 23, he died of a fever, possibly typhoid, at Brignoles.
Procedures for his canonization were quickly urged. His case was promoted by
Pope Clement Vin 1307, and he was canonized by John XXII on April 7, 1317. His brother Robert at Naples who owed his crown to Louis commissioned a great altarpiece from Simone Martini, depicting Louis with that other saint in the family, Louis IX of France.
St Louis of Toulouse was not otherwise widely venerated, but the Franciscans embraced him, keeping his day in their calendar and removing his
relics in 1423 to Valencia, where he was made patron saint. Thus a Spanish Franciscan mission in Alta Californiacame to be consecrated to San Luis Obispo de Tolosa.
He can be recognized in
iconographyas a boy bishop, often with a discarded crown by his feet.
motet, "Flos"/"Celsa"/"Quam magnus pontifex", was written in honor of Louis's canonization in 1317. The piece appears anonymously in the Ivrea Codexand has been attributed by modern scholars to Philippe de Vitry.
* [http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/09385c.htm "Catholic Encyclopedia":] St Louis of Toulouse
* [http://merlin.allegheny.edu/employee/a/acarr/anjouhistory/stlouis.html Amelia Carr, "St Louis of Toulouse"]
* [http://www.catholic-forum.com/saints/saintl55.htm Patron Saints: Louis of Toulouse]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Louis of Toulouse, Saint — (Louis d Anjou; 1274 1297) St. Louis of Toulouse was the son of Charles II D Anjou, king of Naples and Sicily, and Mary, daughter of King Stephen V of Hungary. When Alfonso III of Aragon captured Charles in 1288, Louis and his brothers were… … Dictionary of Renaissance art
Louis of Toulouse, Saint — • Bishop, d. 1297 Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 … Catholic encyclopedia
Saint Louis de Toulouse — Louis d Anjou Saint Louis d Anjou, par le Maître de Jativa Musée des Beaux Arts de Bordeaux Louis d Anjou, né à Brignoles dans le département du Var le 9 février 1274, décédé dans la même ville le 19 août 1297, est fils de Charles II, roi de… … Wikipédia en Français
St. Louis of Toulouse — St. Louis of Toulouse † Catholic Encyclopedia ► St. Louis of Toulouse Bishop of Toulouse, generally represented vested in pontifical garments and holding a book and a crosier, b. at Brignoles, Provence, Feb., 1274; d. there, 19 Aug.,… … Catholic encyclopedia
Louis d’Anjou — Louis d Anjou Saint Louis d Anjou, par le Maître de Jativa Musée des Beaux Arts de Bordeaux Louis d Anjou, né à Brignoles dans le département du Var le 9 février 1274, décédé dans la même ville le 19 août 1297, est fils de Charles II, roi de… … Wikipédia en Français
Louis of Anjou — may refer to *Louis of Anjou, Marquis of Pont à Mousson *Louis I of Hungary *Louis II of Naples *Louis of Toulouse … Wikipedia
Louis Dubois — (Toulouse, Francia; 1867 Buenos Aires, Argentina; 1916) fue un arquitecto francés que trabajó en la República Argentina. Se lo reconoce allí como un importante representante de la corriente art nouveau del modernismo. Contenido 1 Vida y obra 2… … Wikipedia Español
Louis d'Anjou — Saint Louis d Anjou Saint Louis d Anjou, par Antonio Vivarini Musée du Louvre Naissance le 9 février 1274 Brignoles, Var, Provence … Wikipédia en Français
Louis IX de France — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Louis IX (homonymie), Liste des saints Louis et Saint Louis. Louis IX Saint Louis imaginé par Le Greco … Wikipédia en Français
Louis — (PR Aloïs, Loïc, Loiz, Ludovic, Ludwig) (Luigi) • Louis IX, dit saint Louis (25 août) (25 août) , né à Poissy en 1214, fils de Louis VIII, dit Le Lion, et de Blanche de Castille, roi de France de 1226 à 1270, mort devant Tunis. Il épousa… … Dictionnaire des saints