Hierocæsarea, also spelled Hierocaesarea, from the Greek for 'sacred' and the Latin for 'Casear's', is a Roman Catholic
titular bishopricin the former Roman provinceof Lydia, suffraganof Sardis.
This town is mentioned by
Ptolemy(VI, ii, 16). Judging from its coins, it worshipped the goddess Artemis Persica. The site of Hierocæsarea must have been between the modern Turkish villages of Beyova and Sasova, seven or eight miles south-east of Thyatira, on the left bank of the Koum-Chai, a tributary of the Hermus, in the Ottoman vilayet of Smyrna. It is mentioned as an episcopal see in all the " Notitiæ Episcopatuum" until the twelfth or thirteenth century, but we know only three of its bishops: Cosinius, at the Council of Chalcedon, 451; Zacharias, at the Second Council of Nicæa, 787; Theodore, at the Photian Council of Constantinople, 879.
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