Wales national football team


Wales national football team

Infobox National football team
Name = Wales
Badge = Wales_FA.png Badge_size = 150px
Nickname = The Dragons
Association = Football Association of Wales
Confederation = UEFA (Europe)
Coach = flagicon|WAL John Toshack
Asst Manager = flagicon|ENG Roy Evans
flagicon|WAL Dean Saunders
flagicon|WAL Brian Flynn
Captain = Craig Bellamy
Most caps = Neville Southall (92)
Top scorer = Ian Rush (28)
Home Stadium = Millennium Stadium
Capacity = 74,000
FIFA Trigramme = WAL
FIFA Rank = 53
1st ranking date = August 1993
FIFA max = 27
FIFA max date = August 1993
FIFA min = 113
FIFA min date = September 2000
Elo Rank = 48
Elo max = 3
Elo max date = 1876-1885
Elo min = 75
Elo min date = September 2000
pattern_la1=_whiteborder |pattern_b1=_collarwhite |pattern_ra1=_whiteborder |pattern_sh1=_white stripes
leftarm1=FF0000 |body1=FF0000 |rightarm1=FF0000 |shorts1=FF0000 |socks1=FF0000
pattern_la2=_greenborder |pattern_b2= |pattern_ra2=_greenborder
leftarm2=FFFA00 |body2=FFFA00 |rightarm2=FFFA00 |shorts2=007819 |socks2=FFFA00
First game = fb|SCO 4 - 0 Wales flagicon|WAL (Glasgow, Scotland; 26 March 1876)
Largest win = flagicon|WAL Wales 11 - 0 fb-rt|IRE (Wrexham, Wales; 3 March 1888)
Largest loss = fb|SCO 9 - 0 Wales flagicon|WAL (Glasgow, Scotland; 23 March 1878)
World cup apps = 1
World cup first = 1958
World cup best = Quarter-finals, 1958
Regional name = European Championship
Regional cup apps =
Regional cup first =
Regional cup best = Quarter-finals, 1976 (in Qualifying)

The Wales national football team represents Wales in international men's football. Controlled by the Football Association of Wales, the governing body for football in Wales, they are one of the oldest national teams in the world, but have not qualified for a major international tournament since 1958.

Although part of the United Kingdom, Wales has always had its own representative side that plays in all the major professional tournaments, though not in the Olympic Games as the IOC only recognises the United Kingdom.

Wales were placed in Group 4 for qualification for the 2010 FIFA World Cup alongside Germany, Russia, Finland, Azerbaijan and Liechtenstein.

History

The Early Years

Wales played its first competitive match on 25 March 1876 against Scotland in Glasgow, making it the third oldest international football team in the world.

Although the Scots won the first fixture 4–0, a return match was planned in Wales the following year, and so it was that the first international football match on Welsh soil took place at The Racecourse Ground, Wrexham on 5 March 1877. Scotland took the spoils winning 2–0.

Wales' first match against England came in 1879 - a 2–1 defeat at the Kennington Oval, London and in 1882 Wales faced Ireland for the first time, winning 7–1 in Wrexham.

The associations of the four Home Nations met in Manchester on 6 December 1882 to set down a set of worldwide rules. This meeting saw the establishment of the International Football Association Board (IFAB) to approve changes to the rules, a task the four associations still perform to this day.

The 1883-84 season saw the formation of the British Home Championship, a tournament which was played annually between England, Scotland, Ireland [ [http://www.irishfa.com/the-ifa/history-of-the-ifa/ History of the Irish FA] at "www.irishfa.com"] and Wales, until 1983-84. Wales were champions on 12 occasions - winning outright 7 times whilst sharing the title five times.

The FAW became members of FIFA, world football's governing body, in 1906, but the relationship between FIFA and the British associations was fraught and the British nations withdrew from FIFA in 1928 in a dispute over payments to amateur players. As a result, Wales did not enter the first three World Cups.

In 1932 Wales played host to the Republic of Ireland, the first time they played against a side from outside the four home nations. A year later, Wales played a match outside the United Kingdom for the first time when they travelled to Paris to take on France in a match which was drawn 1–1.

Post-war

Wales, along with the other four home nations, rejoined FIFA in 1946 and took part in the qualifying rounds for the 1950 World Cup, the 1949-50 Home Championships being designated as a qualifying group. The top two teams were to qualify for the finals in Brazil, but Wales finished bottom of the group.

The 1950s were undoubtedly a golden age for Welsh football with stars such as Ivor Allchurch, Alf Sherwood, Jack Kelsey and, of course, John Charles pulling on the famous red shirt and Wales made its only World Cup appearance in 1958. However, their qualification was fortunate to say the least. Having finished second to Czechoslovakia in qualifying Group 4, the Welsh thought their chances of appearing in Sweden were over. But the golden generation of Welsh football had reckoned without the politics of the Middle East.

Egypt and Sudan had refused to play against Israel whilst Indonesia had insisted on meeting Israel on neutral ground. As a result Israel were proclaimed winners of their respective group in the Asian/African zone.

FIFA were understandably reluctant to allow a team to qualify for the World Cup finals without actually playing a match and so lots were drawn of all the second placed teams in the UEFA qualifying groups. Belgium were drawn out of the hat but they refused and so then Wales was drawn and awarded a two-legged play-off match against Israel with a place in Sweden for the winners [http://www.rsssf.com/tables/58q.html Qualification for 1958 World Cup] at "RSSSF"] .

Having beaten Israel 2–0 at the Ramat Gan Stadium and 2–0 at Ninian Park, Cardiff, Wales went through to the World Cup Finals for the first and, so far, only time.

The Welsh side made their mark in Sweden, drawing all the matches in their group against Hungary, Mexico, and Sweden before defeating the Hungarians in a play off match to reach the Quarter finals. There the Welsh lost 1–0 to eventual champions Brazil, with 17-year-old Pelé grabbing the only goal of the game for the South American side. However, Wales' chances of victory were hampered by the injury of John Charles.

The 70s and 80s

Wales have never qualified for the final stages of the European Championships. However, in 1976, they did reach the last eight of the competition, having finished top of qualifying group 2 ahead of Hungary, Austria and Luxembourg.Prior to 1980, only four countries qualified for the final stages of the competition, and Wales were drawn to play against the winners of group 3 Yugoslavia, in a two legged match. Wales lost the first leg 2–0 in Zagreb and were knocked out of the competition having only managed a 1–1 draw in the return leg at Ninian Park.

The following year, Wales defeated England on English soil for the first time in 42 years and secured their only victory to date at Wembley thanks to a Leighton James penalty. Another notable achievement came in 1980, as Wales tore England apart in one of the best performances ever witnessed by a Welsh side. Goals from Mickey Thomas, Ian Walsh, Leighton James and an own goal by Phil Thompson saw Wales thrash England 4–1 at The Racecourse Ground, Wrexham, just four days after England had beaten the then-world champions, Argentina.

In the 1982 World Cup qualifiers, Wales came extremely close to qualification, a 3–0 defeat against the USSR in their final game meant they missed out on goal difference.

Manchester United youngster Mark Hughes marked his debut for Wales by scoring the only goal of the game as England were defeated once again in 1984. The following season, Hughes was again on target, scoring a wonder goal as Wales thrashed Spain 3–0 at The Racecourse during qualification for Mexico 86.

1990s - present day

Wales came close, once again, to qualifying for a major championship when they came within a whisker of reaching the World Cup of 1994. Needing to win the final game of the group at home to Romania, Paul Bodin missed a penalty when the scores were level 1–1; Romania went on to win 2–1.

Following the failure to qualify, Terry Yorath's contract as manager of the national side was not renewed by the FAW and John Toshack, then manager of Real Sociedad, was appointed as a part-time manager. However, Toshack resigned after just one game — a 3–1 defeat to Norway — citing problems with the FAW as his reason for leaving, although he was sure to have been shocked at being booed off the pitch at Ninian Park by the Welsh fans still reeling from the dismissal of Yorath. [ [http://news.bbc.co.uk/sport1/hi/football/internationals/4005591.stm John Toshack profile] at "BBC Sport Online"] Mike Smith took the reins for the start of the Euro 96 qualifiers, which saw Wales slip to embarrassing defeats against Moldova and Georgia before Bobby Gould was appointed in June 1995.

Gould's time in charge of Wales is seen as a dark period by Welsh football fans. His questionable tactics and public fallings-out with players such as Nathan Blake, [ [http://pubs.socialistreviewindex.org.uk/sr208/stack.htm Gould in racist row with Blake] at "Socialist Review"] Robbie Savage [ [http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/sport/football/165192.stm Wales reprieve for Savage] at "BBC Sport Online"] and Mark Hughes, coupled with embarrassing defeats to club side Leyton Orient and a 7–1 thrashing by the Netherlands in 1996 did not make him a popular figure within Wales. Gould finally resigned following a 4–0 defeat to Italy in 1999, and the FAW turned to two legends of the national team, Neville Southall and Mark Hughes to take temporary charge of the game against Denmark four days later, with Hughes later being appointed on a permanent basis.

Under Hughes, Wales came close to qualifying for the European Championships in 2004, losing in the play-offs for a place in Portugal against Russia. The defeat, however, was not without its controversy as Russian midfield player, Yegor Titov, tested positive for the use of a banned substance after the first qualifying leg [ [http://news.bbc.co.uk/sport1/hi/football/internationals/wales/3425003.stm Wales consider Euro 2004 appeal] at "BBC Sport Online"] , a scoreless draw in Moscow. However, the sport's governing body decided to take no action against the Football Union of Russia other than instructing them not to play Titov again, and the Russian team went on to beat Wales in Cardiff 1:0 to qualify for Euro 2004.

Following a disappointing start to the 2006 World Cup qualifying campaign, Hughes left his role with the national team to take over as manager of Blackburn Rovers of the English Premier League. John Toshack was appointed manager for the second time on 12 November 2004.

In the qualification for Euro 2008, Wales were drawn in Group D alongside Germany, the Czech Republic, Slovakia, Republic of Ireland, Cyprus and San Marino. The team's performance was disappointing, finishing fifth in the group with expected defeat at home to Germany yet an unexpected draw away, a loss away and a goalless draw at home to the Czech Republic, a loss away and 2–2 draw at home to the Republic of Ireland, a 3–0 home win and uninspiring 2–1 away win against minnows San Marino, a 3–1 home win and 3–1 away defeat against Cyprus, and a spectacularly mixed performance against Slovakia — losing 5–1 at home and winning 5–2 away. However, better performances towards the end of the competition by a team containing, of necessity because of injuries and suspensions of senior players, no fewer than five players who were eligible for selection for the Under-21 squad has been viewed as a hopeful sign of future progress for the team.

Players

enior squad

Wales' squad for the 2010 FIFA World Cup qualifying matches against Liechtenstein and Germany on 11 October and 15 October 2008 was named on 29 September 2008. Aaron Ramsey is not included in the squad as he has been named in the Under-21 squad for Wales' European Championship qualifying play-off against England, while Arron Davies and Rhys Williams are omitted due to injury. Team captain Craig Bellamy has been included after recovering from injury, as have defenders James Collins and Lewin Nyatanga. [cite news |title=Bellamy set to make Wales return |url=http://news.bbc.co.uk/sport1/hi/football/internationals/7634126.stm |publisher=BBC Sport |date=2008-09-29 |accessdate=2008-09-29 ]

After the squad announcement, Freddy Eastwood, Robert Earnshaw, Joe Ledley and Brian Stock withdrew due to injury, while defender Steve Evans was added to the squad as cover. [cite news |title=Hennessey trains again with Wales |url=http://news.bbc.co.uk/sport1/hi/football/internationals/7634126.stm |publisher=BBC Sport |date=2008-10-09 |accessdate=2008-10-09 ] Lewin Nyatanga was included in Wales Under-21s' 3–2 home defeat to England on 10 October, but is still included in the senior squad for the matches against Liechtenstein and Germany.

"Caps and goals are accurate as of the match played on 10 September 2008. Ages as of 10 October 2008."

Most-capped players

As of 12 October 2006, the players with the most caps for Wales are:

English Football Hall of Fame

:Welsh Inductees to the English Football Hall of Fame are:
*2002 John Charles
*2005 Ryan Giggs
*2006 Ian Rush
*2007 Mark Hughes, Billy Meredith

English Football League 100 Legends

:Welsh Inductees to the Football League 100 Legends are:
* Ivor Allchurch
* John Charles
* Trevor Ford
* Ryan Giggs
* Cliff Jones
* Billy Meredith
* Ian Rush
* Neville Southall

Managers

:"See also

Other staff

* Goalkeeping Coach: Paul Jones
* Team Doctors: Dr. Mark Ridgewell & Dr. Mark Davies
* Physiotherapists: Mel Pejic & Dyfri Owen
* Masseur: David Rowe

Competition history

World Cup record

*1930 to 1938 - "Did not enter"
*1950 to 1954 - "Did not qualify"
*1958 - Quarter-finals
*1962 to 2006 - "Did not qualify"

European Championship record

*1960 - "Did not enter"
*1964 to 2008 - "Did not qualify"

tadium

Wales play most of their home matches at the Millennium Stadium, Cardiff. The stadium was built in 1999 on the site of the old National Stadium, known as Cardiff Arms Park, as the Welsh Rugby Union (WRU) had been chosen to host the 1999 Rugby World Cup.

Prior to 1989, Wales played their home games at the grounds of Cardiff City F.C., Swansea City A.F.C. and Wrexham F.C., but then came to an agreement with the WRU to use Cardiff Arms Park and, subsequently, the Millennium Stadium.

Wales' first football match at the Millennium Stadium was against Finland on 29 March 2000. The Finns won the match 2–1, with Jari Litmanen becoming the first player to score a goal at the stadium. Ryan Giggs scored Wales' goal in the match, becoming the first Welshman to score at the stadium.

In recent seasons, a handful of friendly home matches have been played away from the Millennium Stadium at Swansea's Liberty Stadium and Wrexham's Racecourse Ground. However, due to recent price increases and a period with little success on the field, the 72,500 capacity stadium has only managed to fill around 20-40% of the seats, leading to calls by some for the football matches to return to Ninian Park, The Racecourse and Liberty Stadium.

ee also

*1958 FIFA World Cup

References

External links

* [http://www.faw.org.uk Football Association of Wales]
* [http://www.fawtrust.org.uk Football Association of Wales Trust]
* [http://www.rsssf.com/tablesw/wal-intres.html International results of Wales]
* [http://www.welshfootballonline.com Welsh Football Online]
* [http://www.wfda.co.uk/index.php Welsh Football Data Archive]
* [http://www.dragonsoccer.co.uk Dragon Soccer]
* [http://www.sports-council-wales.co.uk/hall_of_fame.cfm?main_nav=news&sub_nav=hall_of_fame Sports Council of Wales Welsh Sports Hall of Fame]


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