States of Sudan


States of Sudan

Below is a list of the 15 states of Sudan, organized by their original provinces during the period of Anglo-Egyptian Sudan. Arabic language versions are, as appropriate, in parentheses. States that were not provinces before 1994 are marked with (*). Transliterations from Arabic to English may vary; in particular, the article "al" is sometimes transliterated as "el". Numbers correspond to those of the map at right. Prior to 9 July 2011, the Republic of Sudan was composed of 25 states. The ten southern states now form part of the independent nation of the Republic of South Sudan.

States of Sudan (see list for legend)
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States of the Republic of Sudan

The following 15 states form the territory of the Republic of Sudan.

History

  South Sudan (held referendum in 2011, seceded in July 2011)
  Abyei (to hold referendum in 2011, postponed indefinitely)
  States to hold "popular consultations" in 2011: South Kurdufan (process suspended) and Blue Nile (status unclear)

Anglo-Egyptian Sudan had eight mudiriyat, or provinces, which were ambiguous when created but became well defined by the beginning of the Second World War. The eight provinces were: Blue Nile, Darfur, Equatoria, Kassala, Khartoum, Kurdufan, Northern, and Upper Nile. In 1948 Bahr al Ghazal split from Equatoria.

There were numerous new provinces created on 1 July 1973. North and South Darfur were created from Darfur, while Kurdufan divided into North and South Kurdufan. Al Jazirah and White Nile were split off from Blue Nile. River Nile split off from Northern. Red Sea was split off from Kassala.

A further fracturing of provinces occurred in 1976. Lakes split from Bahr al Ghazal, and Jonglei split off from Upper Nile. Equatoria divided into East and Western Equatoria. There were thus eighteen provinces. In 1991, the government reorganized the administrative regions into nine federal states, matching the nine provinces that had existed from 1948 to 1973. On 14 February 1994, the government reorganized yet again, creating twenty-six wilayat (states). The majority of the wilayat were either the old provinces or administrative subregions of a province. As part of the new government structure in South Sudan in 2005, Bahr al Jabal was renamed Central Equatoria. In 2006, West Kurdufan was split and merged with North Kurdufan and South Kurdufan.

Former states now part of South Sudan

On 9 July 2011 the ten southern states became the independent nation of South Sudan. They were further divided into 86 counties.

See also

  • States of South Sudan
  • List of The Sudan’s state governors
  • ISO 3166-2:SD

External links



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