Goajira, in the most northern portion of South America, is a peninsula running into the Caribbean Sea from the Serrania del Perija mountains range.

It was the subject of a dispute between Venezuela and Colombia in 1891, and on arbitration was awarded to the latter and joined to its Magdalena Department. The area of the peninsula is about 5500 square miles. The scenery of Goajira is very picturesque; the temperature in the plains is very high, but temperate in the mountains. There is a good supply of cabinet wood in the country, but not much trade.

The inhabitants, who numbered 80,000 (50,000 Catholics) in the early 20th century, are mostly of Indian or mixed race; one of the region's autochthonous peoples is also called Goajira. They are tall and well made. Formerly they were very intractable, but the Capuchins, who were in charge of the Catholic missions, have had a great influence over them, and large numbers have been converted. The language spoken is an Indian dialect of the Arawak-Maypure group (see ARAWAKS). The chief towns are Paraguaipoa, Calabacito, Maricha, Marocaso and Soldado.

The Gojira Indians

The following is taken from Papillon.

The Goajira Indians are seafarers who fish for pearls. Their primary diet is said to consist of fish, turtle meat, turtle eggs and big green lizards, most likely Iguanas. Men and women are dressed only in a loincloth which covers their crotch.

Missionary history

The mission of Goajira was erected by Pope Pius X on 17 January 1905, into a vicariate Apostolic, dependent on the Congregation for Extraordinary Ecclesiastical Affairs. Mgr Attanasio Maria Vincenzo Soler-Royo, O.F.M. Cap., was appointed to the vicariate, as titular Bishop of Citharizum, on 18 April, 1907.

See also

* Distocyclus goajira, an Electric fish
* T-63 Goajira, a ship the of the Navy of Venezuela
* Guajira Department and the La Guajira Desert in neighboring Colombia


* [http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/06606a.htm]

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Goajira —     Vicariate Apostolic of Goajira     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Vicariate Apostolic of Goajira     Goajira is the most northern portion of South America is a peninsula running into the Caribbean Sea. It was the subject of a dispute between… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Goajira — (spr. chihra), Halbinsel an der Nordküste Südamerikas, seit 1891 zum kolumb. Departamento Magdalena gehörig, bewohnt von den kriegerischen, nomadischen Goajira Indianern, etwa 40.000 Köpfe …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Goajira — (spr. chīra), nördlichste Halbinsel Südamerikas, westlich vom Golf von Maracaibo, 12,000 qkm groß, ist von der Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta durch breite Grasebenen getrennt, in der vulkanischen Serra Macuira bis 858 m hoch. Die Küsten sind… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Goajira, Vicariate Apostolic of — • The most northern portion of South America is a peninsula running into the Caribbean Sea Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Oliva goajira — Scientific classification Kingdom: Animalia Phylum: Mollusca Class …   Wikipedia

  • Гоахира — (Goajira) самый северный полуостров Южной Америки, на запад от Маракаибского залива, занимает пространство около 12350 кв. км; перерезается горами Ока, отрогами Андов (Сьерра Макуира 858 м высоты). Жит. от 25 до 40 тыс., из которых только около… …   Энциклопедический словарь Ф.А. Брокгауза и И.А. Ефрона

  • Miss Venezuela — Formation 1952 Type Beauty pageant Headquarters Caracas, Venezuela Location …   Wikipedia

  • Miss Venezuela 2007 — Dayana Mendoza Date September 13, 2007 Presenters Maite Delgado …   Wikipedia

  • Miss Venezuela 2000 — Date September 8, 2000 Presenters Maite Delgado Omar Germenos Fabiola Colmenares Venue Poliedro de Caracas, Caracas, Venezuela Broadcaster Venevision …   Wikipedia

  • Miss Venezuela 1990 — Date February 1, 1990 Presenters Bárbara Palacios Gilberto Correa Rebeca de Alba Venue Poliedro de Caracas, Caracas Broadcaster Venevision Entrants …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.