Law Officers of the Crown
The Law Officers of the Crown are the chief legal advisors to the Crown, and advise and represent the various governments in the
United Kingdomand the other Commonwealth Realms. In England and Wales, and most Commonwealth and colonial governments, the Law Officer of the Crown is the Attorney General. In Scotland, the Law Officer is the Lord Advocate, but a new position of Advocate General for Scotlandwas created following devolutionto the Scottish Parliament.
England and Wales
Attorney General for England and Walesis the chief legal adviser of the Crown in England and Wales and a member of the Government. The Attorney General, with the assistance of the Legal Secretariat to the Law Officers provides legal advice to the Governmentof the day. By convention, this legal advice is available to subsequent governments, unlike the papers of other ministers.
The current Attorney General is Baroness Scotland PC, QC. She is assisted by the
Solicitor General for England and Wales, currently Vera BairdMP QC. Under the Law Officers Act 1997, the Solicitor General may do anything on behalf of, or in the place of, the Attorney General and vice versa.
The Attorney General has responsibility for the
Treasury Solicitor's Department(and the Treasury Solicitoracts on behalf of the Attorney General when representation in court is required). He has supervisory powers over prosecutions, including the Crown Prosecution Service(headed by the Director of Public Prosecutions), the Serious Fraud Office and the Revenue and Customs Prosecutions Office.
The Attorney General has public interest functions: for example, he is the
trusteeof default where a sole trustee has died, and can also take cases to the Law Lordswhere points of general legal importance need to be settled.
Government of Wales Act 2006, the Counsel General for Walesis the chief legal adviser to the Welsh Assembly Government.
The chief legal adviser in
Scotlandis the Lord Advocate, Elish Angiolini.
The Lord Advocate heads up the Crown Office and Procurator Fiscal Service and is the chief
public prosecutorin Scotland.
Under the recent constitutional reforms, the Lord Advocate has become a member of the
Scottish Executive, while the United KingdomGovernment is advised on Scots lawby the newly created post of Advocate General for Scotland.
The Lord Advocate is assisted by the
Solicitor General for Scotland, Frank Mulholland
1973the functions of the Attorney General for Northern Irelandwere conferred on the Attorney General for England and Wales as part of Direct Rule. When policing and justice is devolved to the Northern Ireland Assembly, these functions will be split between a new local Attorney General for Northern Irelandand an Advocate General for Northern Ireland. Some other current functions of the Attorney General for Northern Irelandwill be conferred on the Director of Public Prosecutions for Northern Ireland.
Most Commonwealth and colonial governments also have their own Attorneys General. Sometimes the legal advisors of sub-national governments are given the title
Other persons are entitled to have an attorney general, including a
Queen consortand the Prince of Wales, who has an Attorney General for the Duchy of Cornwall. There is also an attorney general for the Duchy of Lancasterwhich is owned by the monarch.
Before the establishment of the
Irish Free Statein 1922, the legal advisors to the Crown in the Courts of Ireland were the Attorney-General for Irelandand the Solicitor-General for Ireland. These offices were vacant from 1921.
The Crown also had a legal advisor for the
High Court of Admiralty. This officer was called the Admiralty Advocate, and the appointment lapsed in 1875 when the Admiralty Court became part of the Probate, Divorce and Admiralty Divisionof the High Court of Justice.
The Crown's representative in the
ecclesiastical courtswas the King's Advocate (called Queen's Advocate when the monarch was female). The office has been vacant since the resignation of its last holder in 1872 [Haydn's "Book of Dignities", 1894] .
United Kingdom budget
* [http://www.lslo.gov.uk/ Legal Secretariat to the Law Officers]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
The Crown — For other uses, see Crown (disambiguation). For the UK s state prosecution services, also referred to as the Crown , see Crown Prosecution Service, Crown Office and Procurator Fiscal Service, and Public Prosecution Service. For the public… … Wikipedia
Law enforcement in the United Kingdom — Crime in the UK · Terrorism in the UK Topics … Wikipedia
Law enforcement in the Netherlands — Logo of the Dutch police Law enforcement in the Netherlands is provided by 25 regional police forces (Dutch: regiokorpsen), the Netherlands Police Agency (Dutch: Korps landelijke politiediensten) and the Royal Marechaussee (Dutch: Ko … Wikipedia
Order of the Crown (Belgium) — This article is about the Belgian order. For other decorations bearing the same name, see Order of the Crown. Order of the Crown Ordre de la Couronne Kroonorde Knight s cross of the Order of the Crown … Wikipedia
Law of Jersey — The Law of Jersey has been influenced by several different legal traditions, in particular Norman customary law, English common law and modern French civil law. The Bailiwick of Jersey is a separate jurisdiction from that of the United Kingdom … Wikipedia
Crown Dependencies — British Crown Dependencies … Wikipedia
law officer — noun an officer of the law (Freq. 1) • Syn: ↑lawman, ↑peace officer • Hypernyms: ↑defender, ↑guardian, ↑protector, ↑shielder • … Useful english dictionary
Crown Heights riot — The Crown Heights Riot was a three day riot in the United States that occurred August 19–21, 1991. It took place in the Crown Heights neighborhood in the New York City borough of Brooklyn. Crown Heights was and currently remains a primarily West… … Wikipedia
The United States of America — The United States of America † Catholic Encyclopedia ► The United States of America BOUNDARIES AND AREA On the east the boundary is formed by the St. Croix River and an arbitrary line to the St. John, and on the north by the… … Catholic encyclopedia
The Irish (in Countries Other Than Ireland) — The Irish (in countries other than Ireland) † Catholic Encyclopedia ► The Irish (in countries other than Ireland) I. IN THE UNITED STATES Who were the first Irish to land on the American continent and the time of their arrival are … Catholic encyclopedia