Historical regions of Central Europe

There are many historical regions of Central Europe. For the purpose of this list, Central Europe is defined as the area contained roughly within the south coast of the Baltic Sea, the Elbe River, the Alps, the Danube River, the Black Sea and the Dnepr River. Note that these regions come from different time periods - from medieval to modern era - and may often overlap. National borders have been drawn across those regions multiple times over centuries so usually they cannot be assigned to any specific nation. The list below indicates which present-day states control the whole or a part of each of the listed regions.

Key (mostly ISO 3166-1 alpha-2):
AT - Austria, BG - Bulgaria, BY - Belarus, CZ - Czech Republic, DE - Germany, HR - Croatia, HU - Hungary, IT - Italy, LT - Lithuania, MD - Moldova, PL - Poland, RU - Russian Federation, RO - Romania, SK - Slovakia, SI - Slovenia, Sr - Serbia, UA - Ukraine

* Austria
**Lower Austria (AT)
**Upper Austria (AT)
* Austrian Littoral (Primorska) (IT, SI, HR)
* Bačka (Sr, HU)
* Banat (RO, Sr, HU)
* Baranya (HU, HR)
* Bavaria (DE)
* Bessarabia (MD, UA)
**Budjak (UA)
**Gagauzia (MD, UA)
* Bohemia (CZ)
**Bohemian Forest Region (CZ)
**German Bohemia (CZ)
***Egerland (CZ)
**Sudetenland (CZ)
* Brandenburg (DE, PL)
**Altmark (DE)
**Mittelmark (DE)
**Neumark (PL)
**Prignitz (DE)
**Uckermark (DE)
* Bukovina (RO, HU, UA, MD)
**Hertza (UA)
* Carinthia (AT, SI)
**Slovene Carinthia
* Carniola (SI)
**Inner Carniola (SI)
**Lower Carniola (SI)
***White Carniola (SI)
**Upper Carniola (SI)
*Central Croatia (HR)
**Civil Croatia (HR)
**Croatian Littoral (HR)
**Croatian Highlands (HR)
**Međimurje (HR)
**Morlachia (HR)
* Dalmatia (HR)
* Dobruja (RO, BG)
** Northern Dobruja (RO)
** Southern Dobruja (BG)
* Friuli (IT)
** Gorizia and Gradisca (IT, SI)
** Carnia (IT)
* Galicia (PL, UA)
* Great Hungarian Plain (Nagy Alföld) (HU, RO, UK, SK)
** Kunság (Cumania) (HU)
***Nagykunság (HU)
***Kiskunság (HU)
**Hajdúság (HU)
**Jászság (HU)
* Istria (HR, SI, IT)
* Kuyavia (PL)
*Lithuania (Regions of Lithuania)
**Auktaitija or Upper Lithuania (LT)
**Central Lithuania (LT, BY)
**Samogitia or Lower Lithuania (LT)
**Lithuania Minor or Prussian Lithuania (LT, RU)
*Lubusz Land (DE, PL)
* Lusatia (DE, PL)
**Lower Lusatia (DE, PL)
**Upper Lusatia (DE, PL)
* Masovia (PL)
* Masuria (PL)
* Moldavia (MD, RO, UA)
* Moravia (CZ)
**German South Moravia (CZ)
**Moravian Slovakia (CZ)
**Moravian Wallachia (CZ)
* Podlachia (BY, PL)
* Podolia (UA)
* Poland
**Greater Poland (PL)
**Lesser Poland (PL)
***Podhale (PL)
* Polesie (BY, PL, UA)
* Pomerania (PL, DE)
**Pomerelia (Eastern Pomerania) (PL)
**Farther Pomerania (PL)
**Hither Pomerania (DE, PL)
* Prekmurje (SI)
* Prussia (PL, DE, RU)
**Duchy of Prussia (RU, PL)
**East Prussia (PL, RU)
***Sambia (RU)
**Netze District (PL)
**New East Prussia (PL)
**Royal Prussia (PL)
***Culmland (PL)
***Pomesania (PL)
**South Prussia (PL)
**West Prussia (PL)
* Ruthenia (PL,UA,BY)
**White Ruthenia or Belarus (BY)
**Black Ruthenia (BY)
**Carpathian Ruthenia (UA)
**Red Ruthenia (UA, PL)
**Carpathian Ruthenia (UA)
* Saxony (DE)
**Osterland (DE)
**Pleissnerland (DE)
**Vogtland (DE)
* Silesia (PL, DE, CZ)
**Czech Silesia (Austrian Silesia) (CZ, PL)
***Cieszyn Silesia (PL, CZ)
****Záolší (CZ)
***Hlučínsko (CZ)
**Lower Silesia (PL, CZ, DE)
**Upper Silesia (PL, CZ)
* Slavonia (HR)
* Spiš (SK)
* Styria (AT, SI)
**Lower Styria (SI)
**Upper Styria (AT)
* Sudovia (LT, PL, BY)
* Syrmia (Sr, HR)
* Transdanubia (HU)
**Swabian Turkey (HU)
* Transnistria (MD, UA)
* Transylvania (RO)
**Burzenland (RO)
**Crişana (RO)
**Maramureş (RO)
**Northern Transylvania (RO)
**Nösnerland (RO)
**Partium (RO)
**Székelyföld (RO)
* Vojvodina (Sr)
* Volhynia (UA)
* Wallachia (RO)
**Muntenia (Greater Wallachia) (RO)
**Oltenia (Lesser Wallachia) (RO)
* Warmia (RU, PL)
* White Croatia (CZ, PL, SK)
* White Serbia
* Yedisan (UA)

See also

For more historical and present-day regions in Central European countries see:
*States of Austria
*Austria-Hungary
*Subdivisions of Belarus
*Regions of the Czech Republic
*States of Germany
*List of historic counties of Hungary
*Counties of Lithuania
*Regions of Lithuania (the historical and traditional ones)
*Moldova
*Voivodships of Poland
*Historical regions of Romania
*List of traditional regions of Slovakia
*Historical regions of Ukraine

Related pages:

* Historical regions of the Balkan Peninsula


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