Ecclesia (ancient Athens)

, the popular council. Votes were taken by a show of hands.

A quorum of 6,000 was required sometimes to do business. The ekklesia elected by lot annually the Boule or council. Some of their power under Solon was delegated to the Courts by Pericles in his reforms.

A gang of slaves, called Scythians, carrying ropes dipped in red ochre ("miltos", hence Miltiades, i.e. the Red-Haired) would travel through the city on the days the Ecclesia was to meet, and would lash those citizens not in attendance with their ropes. With garments thus stained, shamed citizens could legally carry out no business until they visited the meeting grounds of the Ecclesia on the hill called the Pnyx.

ee also

*Athenian Democracy
*Constitution of the Athenians

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