Samuel Finley

The Rev. Samuel Finley (b. July 2, 1715 in Armagh, Ireland, d. July 17, 1766, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania), 1763 DD University of Glasgow (honorary). Evangelical (Presbyterian, "New Light") preacher and academic, he founded the West Nottingham Academy, and was the fifth president and an original trustee of the College of New Jersey (later known as Princeton University) from 1761 until 1766.

Family and Students

He was the second son from a family of at least 9 children of Michael Finley by Ann daughter of Samuel O'Neill.At least 2 of his brothers, Rev James Finley and Rev Andrew Finley, became ministers.

It is likely that Samuel Finley was a graduate of William Tennant's Log College, in Neshaminy, Bucks County, Pennsylvania, known for its training of evangelical Presbyterian ministers who played a role in the 18th Century religious revival known as The Great Awakening. Finley also was awarded an honorary degree by the University of Glasgow. [http://etcweb.princeton.edu/CampusWWW/Companion/log_college.html]

On September 26, 1744 Samuel Finley married Sarah Hall (1728- July 30, 1760), daughter of Joseph Hall and Rebecca Rutter. Various sources report five sons and three daughters were born of this union. On May 13, 1761, he married Ann Clarkson (1730-1807), daughter of Matthew Clarkson and Cornelia de Peyste, of Philadelphia. They reportly had issue.

Finley's first wife, Sarah Hall, was the sister of Susanna Hall Harvey, the mother of Dr. Benjamin Rush, a signer of the Declaration of Independence. Benjamin Rush moved into the Finley home at the age of six (some sources say eight) upon the death of his father, and was one of Finley's students at West Nottingham Academy. Finley is said to have convinced Rush to become a physician. Rush later attended Finley as Finley's physician at the time of Finley's death.

Another signer of the Declaration of Independence, Richard Stockton, studied under Rev. Finley at West Nottingham Academy. Stockton's daughter, Julia, subsequently married Benjamin Rush.

During Finley's five year presidency at Princeton, the college graduated 130 students, including the Rev. James Manning (graduated in 1762), the founder and first president of Brown University; Ebenezer Hazard (1762), the third United States Postmaster General; William Paterson (1763), the second governor of the State of New Jersey; the Rev. Samuel Kirkland (1765), founder and first president of Hamilton College; David Ramsay (1765), physician and historian of the American Revolution; and Oliver Ellsworth (1766), the third Chief Justice of the United States. Finley's sermons, Hazard said: "were calculated to inform the ignorant, to alarm the careless and secure, and to edify and comfort the faithful".

It is thought that the so-called "Stamp Act Trees" (sycamores) planted in front of the then-President's home at Princeton were planted by Finley. [http://etcweb.princeton.edu/CampusWWW/Companion/finley_samuel.html]

Samuel Finley Breese Morse, the developer of the telegraph and the namesake of Morse Code, was Finley's great-grandson via his daughter, Rebecca.

Memorial at Rittenhouse Square

Though Rev. Finley's body was originally buried at the 2d Presbyterian Church of Philadelphia, when the building at Arch and Cherry Sts was torn down his body was moved, and his original tombstone was relocated and could as of 1988 be found imbedded in the wall of a lobby of a building on the North side of Rittenhouse Square.

Sources

Clan Finley. RADM Herald F. Stout, 2d Ed 2 VV bound as 1, Dover OH:1956, v 1 pp 14-5, 24

Genealogical and Personal History of Fayette County Pennsylvania, Vol. I-II, John W. Jordan, ed. New York, USA: Lewis Historical Publishing Company, 1912

External links

* [http://etcweb.princeton.edu/CampusWWW/Companion/finley_samuel.html Biography] from "A Princeton Companion" by Alexander Leitch, Princeton University Press, 1978.


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Samuel Finley Breese Morse — (* 27. April 1791 in Charlestown, Massachusetts; † 2. April 1872 in New York) war ein US amerikanischer Erfinder und Professor für Malerei, Plastik und Zeichenkunst. Morse entwickelte ab 1837 den ersten brauchbaren …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Samuel Finley Breeze Morse — Samuel Finley Breese Morse Samuel Finley Breese Morse (* 27. April 1791 in Charlestown, Massachusetts; † 2. April 1872 in New York) war ein US amerikanischer Erfinder und Professor für Malerei, Plastik und Zeichenkunst. Morse entwickelte ab 1837… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Samuel Finley Morse — Samuel Finley Breese Morse Samuel Finley Breese Morse (* 27. April 1791 in Charlestown, Massachusetts; † 2. April 1872 in New York) war ein US amerikanischer Erfinder und Professor für Malerei, Plastik und Zeichenkunst. Morse entwickelte ab 1837… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Samuel Finley Vinton — (September 25, 1792 May 11, 1862) was a member of the United States House of Representatives from Ohio from March 4, 1823 to March 4, 1837 and again from March 4, 1843 to March 4, 1851.Born in South Hadley, Massachusetts, Vinton was the son of… …   Wikipedia

  • Samuel Finley Breese Morse — noun United States portrait painter who patented the telegraph and developed the Morse code (1791 1872) • Syn: ↑Morse, ↑Samuel Morse, ↑Samuel F. B. Morse • Instance Hypernyms: ↑inventor, ↑discoverer, ↑artificer, ↑painter …   Useful english dictionary

  • Morse,Samuel Finley Breese — Morse (môrs), Samuel Finley Breese. 1791 1872. American painter and inventor. A portraitist whose subjects included Lafayette, he refined (1838) and patented (1854) the telegraph and developed the telegraphic code that bears his name. * * * …   Universalium

  • Morse, Samuel Finley Breeze — SUBJECT AREA: Telecommunications [br] b. 27 April 1791 Charlestown, Massachusetts, USA d. 2 April 1872 New York City, New York, USA [br] American portrait painter and inventor, b est known for his invention of the telegraph and so called Morse… …   Biographical history of technology

  • Morse, Samuel Finley — ► (1791 1872) Pintor e inventor estadounidense. Es el creador del telégrafo que llevó su nombre. En 1826 fundó una sociedad de bellas artes que más tarde sería la Academia Nacional de Diseño …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • MORSE, SAMUEL FINLEY BREESE —    inventor, born at Charlestown, Massachusetts, graduated at Yale in 1810 and adopted art as a profession; he gained some distinction as a sculptor, and in 1835 was appointed professor of Design in New York; electrical studies were his hobby;… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Samuel Morse — Samuel Finley Breese Morse Samuel Finley Breese Morse (* 27. April 1791 in Charlestown, Massachusetts; † 2. April 1872 in New York) war ein US amerikanischer Erfinder und Professor für Malerei, Plastik und Zeichenkunst. Morse entwickelte ab 1837… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.