Second Robotech War

In the fictional world of Robotech, the Second Robotech War (2029-2030) was a conflict between the earth-based United Earth Forces (UEF), including the elite Army of the Southern Cross, and the alien Robotech Masters. The Second Robotech War ended in a Pyrrhic victory for the Army of the Southern Cross, weakening the Earth's defense forces and providing the motivation for the Invid who were seeking the Invid Flower of Life to invade less than a year later in the spring or summer of 2031.

Infobox Military Conflict
conflict=Second Robotech War
partof=Robotech Wars
date=January 2029-June 2030
place=Earth
casus=Recovery of the SDF-1's protoculture factory
result=Pyrrhic Terran victory
combatant1=The United Earth Forces (UEF), including the elite Army of the Southern Cross
combatant2=the Robotech Masters
commander1=General Anatole Leonard
commander2=Robotech Masters command triumvirate
strength1=Unknown number of personnel, a fleet of over one hundred and fifty space warships and an unknown number of combat mecha
strength2=Six motherships, unknown number of smaller vessels, unknown number of Bioroid combat mecha, Unknown number of personnel
casualties1= Complete destruction of the cities Newton and Manville, Severe damage to the capital of Monument city, Severe damage to primary and secondary military bases, Severe damage to industrial facilities, Extreme losses in personnel and spacecraft, unknown civilian casualties
casualties2= The Robotech Masters entire space fleet, virtually their entire military, and most of their civilian population aboard the space fleet

Roots

For a full discussion of the preceding First Robotech War, see the associated article. The Second Robotech War traces its roots to the end of that conflict; specifically to the defeat of Supreme Commander Dolza's Grand Fleet. With the failure of this fleet to capture the SDF-1's Protoculture factory, the Robotech Masters travelled to Earth to capture it themselves. At the same time and unaware of this development, the Robotech Expeditionary Force which comprised of most of the Robotech Defense Force and loyal Zentraedi forces, led by Admiral Rick Hunter and Admiral Lisa Hayes with the SDF-3 as their flagship, eventually departed from Earth to confront the Robotech Masters at their home system. Among those who joined the mission were Max Sterling, Miriya Sterling, Vince Grant, Breetai and Exedore.

In their stead, The United Earth Forces (UEF), including the elite Army of the Southern Cross, was charged with the defense of Earth, under the command of Supreme Commander Anatole Leonard. Among those who would lead the defense of Earth against the Robotech Masters are Lieutenant Dana Sterling, Private Bowie Grant, Major General Rolf Emerson, Supreme Commander Anatole Leonard, GMP officer Nova Satori, and Lieutenant Marie Crystal. Dana, the daughter of war heroes Max Sterling and Miriya Sterling, is the catalyst for much of the conflict due to her excellent tactical skills and her half-Zentraedi heritage.

Earth had changed considerably since the end of the First Robotech War in 2014. The old capital, New Macross City, had been sealed off due to radiation contamination resulting from the destruction of the SDF-1 and survivors were relocated to the new capital of Monument city. The elite Army of the Southern Cross was based here as well, with a headquarters consisting of a massive complex, with several large circular towers, located at the centre of the city.

Democracy had largely ceased to function and in its place an unstable feudal society had evolved. This society, evolving out from the scant survivors of the Zentraedi holocaust of 2011, had survived seemingly insurmountable odds against alien forces that had sought their annihilation. While the United Earth Government (UEG) still existed, its authority had become secondary to Supreme Commander Anatole Leonard whose decisions and orders, military or otherwise, were never questioned.

The Global Military Police (GMP), also based in Monument City, held considerable power. Due to the feudal nature of earth society, the GMP constituted the only truly worldwide law-enforcement organization, and was a check and balance on those who had at their disposal the tremendous power of Robotechnology. As a result, the GMP was not merely a police force but also maintained its own war machinery, combat forces, and intelligence network.

Robotech Masters Episode List

The War

The Second Robotech War began in January of 2029, shortly after the graduation of the first graduating class of the United Earth Forces Military Academy. The new graduates, few of whom were over the age of 20, had pledged to defend Earth but had never expected to face war so soon. The Robotech Masters' first offensive was a surprise attack on forces from Moon Base Luna.

The Robotech Masters' fleet fought against Earth's Tristar-class cruisers, destroyers, and other vessels. Earth's military consisted of the United Earth Forces (UEF), including the elite Army of the Southern Cross, and local militias. Most of the war took place on Earth or near Earth, and it involved the Tactical Armored Space Corps and the Alpha Tactical Armored Corps. Other units which saw action were the Tactical Air Force, Global Military Police, Civil Defense Unit and Civil Defense Flying Corps. In the war's most important battles, the TASC (including Lieutenant Marie Crystal) and the 15th ATAC (led by First Lieutenant Dana Sterling) inflicted much of the Terran forces' damage upon the Robotech Masters fleet (including one of the six motherships shot down by the 15th).

Determined to achieve victory at any cost, the Masters turn their weapons on the cities of Earth. Using a very powerful electro-magnetic fisson beam, the cities Newton and Manville are demolished as they disappear under huge mushroom clouds. The attacks result in numerous civilian deaths since many had been unable to reach the shelters in time. Military units defending the city are also destroyed as well as a number of Masters' bioroids soldiers who had been engaged in ground combat in the cities. The Masters then contact Supreme Commander Leonard and order him to surrender and evacutate the planet. Leonard refuses and orders all remaining Southern Cross forces to assemble at Monument City for a last stand. Monument City has already suffered severe damage and refugees, stream out of the city in search of safety but are largely left on their own as the military continues to utilize all resources available to fight the Masters.

In the final stages of the war, both sides resort to desperate tactics. For the Earth forces, every available resource was thrown into the battle, including all reserve and militia units and every piece of machinery capable of aiding the fight. In some cases, even children took up arms to defend their planet. The Masters, facing energy and manpower shortages, resorted to even more desperate tactics. Soldiers who could still fight were given massive doses of painkillers, adrenaline and steroids to enable them to truly fight to the end. The Masters also resort to setting adift on smaller ships all of the clones that are unable to fight in order to conserve power.

In the final stage of the war, the Masters, desperate to retrieve the protoculture at any cost, launch a diversionary assault. Half of their forces are secretly sent to seize control of the ruins of the SDF-1 and destroy Monument City. With the bulk of UEF forces sent into space, the Masters' forces quickly overwhelm the remaining defenders, seizing control of the ruins and devastating Monument City and its surrounding military installations. The massive headquarters of the Southern Cross is vaporized, killing Supreme Commander Leonard and much of the senior leadership. However, the Masters pay a heavy cost - with only half their forces remaining in space to protect the motherships, the UEF forces that had been dispatched to space easily overwhelm them and begin attacking the now defenseless motherships. The Masters, determined to retrieve the protoculture from the SDF-1 ruins at any cost, send their flagship down to the surface, while the remaining motherships are left almost adrift. This tactic results in the UEF forces concentrating their attacks on these motherships, and destroying all of them while the Masters' own mothership easily reaches the surface. It is only through the efforts of First Lieutenant Dana Sterling and Zor Prime, who were onboard the Masters' flagship, that the command Triumvirate is killed and the Masters finally stopped.

The war's end came in June of 2030 when Zor Prime, after jettisoning Dana Sterling in an escape pod, rigs the flagship of the Robotech Masters' fleet to self-destruct above the ruins of the SDF-1 in hopes of destroying the spores within the SDF-1. However, the resulting explosion inadvertently frees the spores within the Protoculture factory's matrix. Another alien race called the Invid would detect the spores and would travel across the galaxy to Earth to harvest them. [ [http://www.robotech.com/infopedia/timeline/viewevents.php?primaryseries=RMA] ]

The Aftermath

The Second Robotech War had left the Earth's defense forces weakened and leaderless with both Supreme Commander Anatole Leonard and Major General Rolf Emerson being killed. The war also left the industrial and political infrastructure of the Earth in tattered shape. With the authority and capabilities of the United Earth Government (UEG) and the Global Military Police (GMP) nearly destroyed, the feudal society that had evolved to slide into lawlessness as surviving cities became city-states and warred with one another and men and women rose quickly to positions of power only to fall just as swiftly.

With the disruption of the Japanese centers of Robotech research and the military and economic infrastructure of North America severely crippled, the defensive capabilities of the surviving members of the United Earth Forces (UEF), including the elite Army of the Southern Cross, swiftly degraded from advanced mecha and starships to late 20th century (pre-SDF-1) technology. When the Invid invaded less than a year later in 2031, the few military units that were even combat-capable were forced to fight the Invid with conventional ordinance and a small supply of Nuclear weapons in a battle that they could never hope to win. In less than a week, the remaining forces of the UEF and the Southern Cross were completely destroyed and the remaining bastions of the United Earth Government collapsed. The Invid took complete control of the planet, and ruthlessly hunted down and destroyed any resistance.

Thus, one year after the Second Robotech War ended, the Third Robotech War began, a war which would last for 13 years, during which the remaining survivors on Earth found themselves at the mercy of the Invid who utilized the humans for labor and for scientific experiments. Many major Earth population centers are destroyed, while others are simply abandoned. Some humans would ally with the Invid in exchange for power, while criminal gangs, self-appointed leaders and a variety of cults took power in areas not under Invid control while others fled to isolated areas of the planet and reverted to simple hunter-gather societies.

The Robotech Master's advice - that Earth be evacuated - was never a viable option. The Jack McKinney Robotech novels state that even if the birth rate dropped to zero and all resources were devoted to construction of spacecraft, it would take at least 10 years to evacuate the planet. In addition, the war had destroyed most of the UEF's spaceships and severely damaged the industrial base of the planet. This, combined with the political fragmentation of the planet following the war, made any evacuation nearly impossible. However, a small number of people were able to reach Moon Base ALUCE or Space Station Liberty. In addition, several ships managed to escape and rendezvous with the Robotech Expeditionary Force to inform them of Earth's fate.

References


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