Approbation

Approbation is, in Roman Catholic canon law, an act by which a bishop or other legitimate superior grants to an ecclesiastic the actual exercise of his ministry.

The absolute necessity of approbation, especially for administering the Sacrament of Penance, was expressly decreed by the Council of Trent, so that, except in the case of imminent death, the absolution by a priest not approved would be invalid. This approbation for the Sacrament of Penance is the judicial declaration of the legitimate superior that a certain priest is fit to hear, and has the faculties to hear, the confession of his subjects. By bishop is meant also his vicar-general, or the vicar-capitular or administrator during the vacancy of a see, also any regular prelate having ordinary jurisdiction over a certain territory. This approbation may be given orally or in writing, and may be given indirectly, as when, for instance, priests receive power to choose in their own diocese an approved priest of another diocese for their confessor. The bishop may wrongfully but validly refuse his approbation, without which no priest may hear confessions. A confessor's jurisdiction may be restricted to various classes of persons, e. g. to children, or to men, without the right to hear women. A special approbation is required to hear nuns or women of religious communities, and this extends with modifications to all communities of recognized sisterhoods.

External links

* [http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/01656b.htm "Catholic Encyclopedia" "Approbation"]


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  • approbation — [ aprɔbasjɔ̃ ] n. f. • v. 1265; lat. approbatio 1 ♦ Le fait d approuver; accord que l on donne. Le préfet a donné son approbation à la délibération du conseil municipal. Soumettre un projet à l approbation des supérieurs. ⇒ acceptation,… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Approbation — • An act by which a bishop or other superior grants to an ecclesiastic the actual exercise of his ministry Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Approbation     Approbation      …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Approbation — Ap pro*ba tion, n. [L. approbatio: cf. F. approbation. See {Approve} to prove.] 1. Proof; attestation. [Obs.] Shak. [1913 Webster] 2. The act of approving; an assenting to the propriety of a thing with some degree of pleasure or satisfaction;… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • approbation — Approbation. s. f. v. Agrément, consentement qu on donne à quelque chose. C est une affaire faite, pourveu que le pere & la mere y veüillent donner leur approbation. Il signifie aussi, Jugement favorable & avantageux qu on fait de quelqu un, de… …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • approbation — APPROBATION. s. f. Agrément, cousentement qu on donne a quelque chose. C est une affaire faite, pourvu que le père et la mère y veuillent donner leur approbation. [b]f♛/b] Il signifie aussi Jugement favorable qu on porte de quelqu un, de quelque… …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie Française 1798

  • approbation — approbation, approval are closely related in meaning. Approbation stresses admiration or high favor and is applied either to actual expressions of such feeling or to the state of mind of a person whose favorable opinion is manifest {his speech… …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • Approbation — (von lateinisch approbatio „Billigung“, „Genehmigung“) steht für: die Zulassung und Widerruf zu Heilberufen durch den Staat, siehe Approbationsordnung kirchenrechtliche Approbation, die Bestätigung eines Geistlichen in seinem Amt oder einer… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Approbatīon — (v. lat.), 1) Biligung, Zustimmung; daher approbiren, billigen; 2) bes. in der Katholischen Kirche die Erklärung, welche von Seiten des Bischofs abgegeben wird, daß gegen den Druck eines Buches von religiösem Inhalt kein kirchliches Bedenken… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Approbation — (lat.), die Genehmigung von seiten einer Behörde zur Ausübung einer Tätigkeit oder eines Amtes; in der katholischen Kirche auch die Genehmigung und Billigung von Druckschriften religiösen Inhalts, die durch das solchen Schriften vorgedruckte… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Approbation — (lat.), Billigung, Genehmigung, bes. die durch Befähigungszeugnis beurkundete Genehmigung zur Ausübung eines Amtes oder Gewerbes; in der kath. Kirche bischöfl. Genehmigung von religiösen Druckschriften (»approbātur«, es wird gebilligt).… …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon


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