Hartog Plate or Dirk Hartog's Plate is either of two plates, although primarily the first, which were left on
Dirk Hartog Islandduring a period of European exploration of the western coast of Australia prior to European settlement there. The first plate, left by Dutch explorer Dirk Hartog, is the oldest-known artifact of European exploration in Australiastill existent and is therefore evidence of the first "confirmed" visit by Europeans.
The subsequent discoveries, comprising three additional visits spanning 200 years, are remarkable considering the extreme isolation of the region.
Dirk Hartog, 1616
Dirk Hartog was the first confirmed European to sight Western Australia. On
26 October 1616in his ship, the "Eendracht" he landed at Cape Inscription on the very northern most tip of the island. Before departing, Hartog left behind a flattened pewterplate, nailed to an oak post and placed upright in a fissure on the cliff top.
The plate bears the inscription:
Ao 1616, den 25sten October, is hier vangecommen het schip de Endracht van Amsterdam, den Oppercoopmen Gilles Mibais van Luyck; schipper Dirk Hartog, van Amsterdam, den 27sten, dito t' zeijl gegaen na Bantam, den Ondercoopman Jan Stoyn, Opperstierman Pieter Dockes, van Bil, Ao 1616.
The English translation reads:
1616. On the 25th October the ship Eendracht of Amsterdam arrived here. Upper merchant Gilles Miebais of Luick (Liege); skipper Dirck Hatichs (Dirk Hartog) of Amsterdam. On the 27th ditto we sail for Bantum. Under merchant Jan Stins; upper steerman Pieter Doores of Bil (Brielle). In the year 1616.
Willem de Vlamingh, 1697
81 years later, in 1697, the Dutch sea captain
Willem de Vlaminghalso reached the island and discovered Hartog's pewter plate with the post almost rotted away. He removed it and replaced it with another plate which was attached to a new post. The new post was made of a cypress pine trunk taken from Rottnest Island[cite web|url=http://www.voc.iinet.net.au/hartog.htm|title=Dirk Hartogh|work=VOC Historical Society, Perth, Western Australia|accessdate=2006-11-12] . The original plate was returned to the Netherlandswhere it is still kept in the Nederlands Scheepvaartmuseumin Amsterdam. De Vlamingh's replacement plate contains all of the text of Hartog's original plate as well as listing the senior crew of his own voyage. It concludes with:
1697. Den 4den Februaij is hier vangecommen het schip de Geelvink van Amsterdam, den Commandeur schipper, Williem de Vlamingh, van Vlielandt, Adsistent Joan van Bremen, van Coppenhage; Opperstierman Michiel Blom van Estight, van Bremen. De Hoecker de Nyptang, schipper Gerrit Collaert van Amsterdam; Adsistent Theodorus Heermans van de; d'Opperstierman Gerrit Gerritz, van Bremen, 't Galjoot t' Weseltje, Gezaghabber Cornelis de Vlamingh van Vlielandt; Stierman Coert Gerritz, van Bremen, en van hier gezeilt met ons vloot den 12do voorts net Zuijtland te ondersoecken en gedestineert voor Batavia.
1697. The 4th February is here arrived the ship De Geelvinck for Amsterdam. The Commodore and Skipper William De Vlamingh of Vlielandt, Assistant Joannes Bremer of Copenhagen Upper Steersman Michil Bloem of The Bishopric of Bremen The Hooker The Nyptangh Skipper Gerrit Colaart of Amsterdam Assist Theodoris Heirmans Ditto Upper Steersman Gerrit Geritson of Bremen The Galliot The Weeseltie Commander Cornelis De Vlamingh of Vlielandt Steerman Coert Gerritsenof Bremen Sailed from Here with our fleet the also The Southland Further to Explore and Bound for Batavia.
Emmanuel Hamelin, 1801
In 1801, the French captain of the "Naturaliste"
Jacques Félix Emmanuel Hamelin, entered Shark Bayand sent a party ashore. The party found Vlamingh's plate, even though it was half buried in the sand as the post had rotted away with the ravages of the weather. When the party took the plate to the ship, Hamelin ordered it to be returned, believing its removal would be tantamount to sacrilege.
Louis de Freycinet, 1818
In 1818 in the "Uranie", French explorer
Louis de Freycinet, who had been an officer in Hamelin's 1801 crew, rediscovered de Vlamingh's plate and removed it to France where it was presented to the Académie françaisein Paris.
After being lost for more than a century, it was rediscovered in 1940 on the bottom shelf of a small room mixed up with old copper engraving plates. The plate was eventually returned to
Australiain 1947 and is currently housed in the Western Australian Maritime Museum in Fremantle, Western Australia.
Cape Inscription Lighthouse plaques
Marking the location in 1938 the Commonwealth government commemorated Dirk Hartog's landing with a brass plaque.
Then just short of 60 years later - in the marking the tricentennial of Vlamingh's visit the then Premier of Western Australia Richard Court unveiled a bronze plaque on the 12th February 1997 [ Playford 1998 p.60 - see full ref in further reading]
History of Western Australia
*cite web|url=http://www.dirkhartogisland.com/history.htm|title=History|publisher=Dirk Hartog Island|accessdate= 2006-07-29
*cite web|url=http://gutenberg.net.au/ausexplore/ausexpl0-intro1.html|title=Introduction — Part I|work=The History of Australian Exploration from 1788 to 1888|first=Ernest|last=Favenc|authorlink=Ernest Favenc| publisher=Project Gutenberg of Australia|accessdate=2006-07-29|date=1888
* Playford, Phillip E.(1998) "Voyage of discovery to Terra Australis : by Willem De Vlamingh in 1696-97" Perth, W.A. Western Australian Museum. ISBN 0730712214 - specifically chapter titled "A story of two plates" pp. 51 - 60
* [http://maps.google.com/maps?f=q&hl=en&ie=UTF8&t=h&om=1&ll=-25.48115,112.970851&spn=0.003613,0.006781 Cape Inscription on Google Maps]
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Hartog Plate — /hatɒg ˈpleɪt/ (say hahtog playt) noun a pewter plate left nailed to a post on Dirk Hartog Island during the visit of the Dutch ship Eendracht, captained by Dirk Hartog, to the western coast of Australia in 1616; inscribed with the date of the… … Australian English dictionary
Hartog — is a surname. It may refer to: ;Hartog * Ashley Hartog South African soccer player * Dirk Hartog (1580 1621) Dutch sea captain and explorer * Simon Hartog British filmmaker * Wil Hartog Dutch motorcycle racer; De Hartog * Jan de Hartog (1914… … Wikipedia
Hartog, Dirck — ▪ Dutch explorer flourished 1616 Dutch explorer who made the first recorded exploration of the western coast of Australia. Traveling an eastward route from Amsterdam around the Cape of Good Hope to Java, Hartog sighted and explored… … Universalium
Dirk Hartog — s plate in the Rijksmuseum Amsterdam Map of Shark Bay … Wikipedia
Dirk Hartog Island — Dirk Hartog … Wikipedia
Dirk Hartog's Plate — noun → Hartog Plate … Australian English dictionary
Assiette d'Hartog — L’assiette de Dirk Hartog au Rijksmuseum à Amsterdam L’assiette d’Hartog ou l’assiette de Dirk Hartog est l une des deux assiettes, mais généralement plutôt la première laissée par l explorateur hollandais Dirk Hartog sur l île du même nom comme… … Wikipédia en Français
Dirk Hartog Island — ▪ island, Western Australia, Australia Australian island in the Indian Ocean, just north of Edel Land Peninsula, Western Australia. Naturaliste Channel passes north to enter Denham Sound (which washes the eastern shore), and Shark Bay lies… … Universalium
History of Western Australia — The human history of Western Australia spans between the first inhabitants arriving on the northwest coast about 55,000 years ago to events in the twentieth century.Aboriginal settlement: For early human settlement in Australia see Prehistory of… … Wikipedia
Eendracht (1615 ship) — The Eendracht was an early 17th Century Dutch ship, launched in 1615 in the service of the Dutch East India Company. It was captained by Dirk Hartog when he made the second recorded landfall by a European on Australian soil, in 1616.… … Wikipedia