Department of Agrarian Reform (Philippines)

Infobox generic
style0 = class="infobox" border="1" cellpadding="4" style="float: right; margin: 0 0 1em 1em; width: 25em; border-collapse: collapse; font-size: 95%; clear: right;"
name = Department of Agrarian Reform
"Kagawaran ng Repormang Pansakahan"
img1 = DAR_Logo.png width1 = 100px
lbl1 = Established
row1 = September 1, 1971
lbl2 = Secretary
row2 = [http://www.gov.ph/directory/main.asp?child=1&sid=2225 Nasser C. Pagdanganan]
lbl3 = Budget
row3 = P2.109 billion (2007)
lbl4 = Website
row4 = http://www.dar.gov.ph
The Philippines' Department of Agrarian Reform (Filipino: "Kagawaran ng Repormang Pansakahan"), abbreviated as the DAR, is the executive department of the Philippine Government responsible for all land reform programs in the country, with the aim of promoting social justice and industrialization.

History

Land reform in the Philippines had its beginnings in 1963, when Section 49 of Republic Act (RA) 3844, or the Agricultural Land Reform Code, necessitated the creation of the Land Authority. This agency was tasked to implement the policies set forth in RA 3844 and was created on August 8, 1963. Republic Act 3844 reorganized existing agencies involved in tasks related to land reform and realigned their functions towards attaining the common objectives of the land reform program.

On September 10, 1971, President Ferdinand E. Marcos signed RA 6389, otherwise known as the Code of Agrarian Reform of the Philippines, into law. Section 49 of this act mandated the establishment of a new self-contained department, the Department of Agrarian Reform, and this effectively replaced the Land Authority. In 1978, under the parliamentary form of government, the DAR was renamed the Ministry of Agrarian Reform. On July 26, 1987, the department was organized structurally and functionally through Executive Order (EO) No. 129-A.

In 1988, Republic Act No. 6657, otherwise known as the Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Law (CARL) was signed into law and became the legal basis for the implementation of the Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Program (CARP). It is an act instituting a CARP with the aim of promoting social justice and industrialization. RA 6657 also provided the mechanism for its implementation. It was signed by President Corazon C. Aquino on June 10.

On September 27, 2004, President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo, signed Executive Order No. 364, and the Department of Agrarian Reform was renamed to Department of Land Reform. This EO also broadened the scope of the department, making it responsible for all land reform in the country. It also placed the Philippine Commission on Urban Poor (PCUP) under its supervision and control. Recognition of the ownership of ancestral domain by indigenous peoples also became the responsibility of this new department, under the National Commission on Indigenous Peoples (NCIP). [ [http://www.ops.gov.ph/records/eo_no364.htm Executiver Order No. 364] ]

On August 23, 2005, President Arroyo signed Executive Order No. 456 and renamed the Department of Land Reform back to Department of Agrarian Reform, since "the Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Law goes beyond just land reform but includes the totality of all factors and support services designed to lift the economic status of the beneficiaries." [ [http://www.ops.gov.ph/records/eo_no456.htm Executive Order No. 456] ]

Secretaries/Ministers of Agrarian Reform

References

* [http://www.dar.gov.ph/dar_history.htm DAR - History]

External links

* [http://www.dar.gov.ph Department of Agrarian Reform website]


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