Checking (ice hockey)

Checking in ice hockey is any one of a number of defensive techniques. It is usually not a penalty.



Young boys are taught proper body checking technique.

There are various types of checking:

Body checking 
Using the body to knock an opponent against the boards or to the ice. This is often referred to as simply checking or hitting and is only permitted on an opponent with possession of the puck. Body checking can be penalized when performed recklessly. Charging, hitting from behind and boarding are examples of illegal hits, due to their dangerous nature and increased likelihood of causing serious injury. In women's ice hockey, any body checking is a penalty and is also usually not allowed in amateur leagues and leagues with young children. Some intramural university leagues do not permit bodychecking, in order to avoid injury and incidents of fighting. "Leaning" against opponents is an alternative to body checking but can be penalized for holding if abused.
When a player drops to a near-crouching stance and swings his hips toward an opposing player, sending the opponent off balance, often falling to the ice. Mostly done up against the boards. A hit below the knees is considered an infraction in the National Hockey League, and called "clipping".
The most common type of body-check, in which a player puts his shoulder into his opponent to muscle the opponent out of position. The elbow must be tucked in, or the player risks taking a penalty for elbowing.
Poke checking 
Using the stick to poke the puck away from an opponent. Mostly done while the defensive player goes straight at the puck carrier and hitting the puck out of his possession before making physical contact.
Sweep checking 
Using the stick in a sweeping motion to knock the puck away from opponents or deter them from passing.
Stick checking 
Using the stick to interfere with an opponent's stick.
Checking in the offensive zone, with the intention of gaining control of the puck and setting up a scoring opportunity.
Rushing back to the defensive zone in response to an opposing team's attack. Players often try to 'rub up' behind the player with the puck to bother them. At the same time they try to hit the puck away with their stick.
The act of checking an opponent with the shaft of the stick held in both hands and with arms extended. This is illegal and earns a minor or major penalty depending on the severity of the infraction.
Lift checking 
A player lifts or knocks an opponent's stick upwards with his/her stick followed immediately by an attempt to steal the puck. This may also be used by a defenseman to keep an opposing player from deflecting shots when both players are positioned in front of the net.
Press checking 
A type of stick check used to stop or control the movement of an opponent's stick by placing stick pressure over top of the opponent's stick.

New NHL standard of rule enforcement, 2005–2006

For the 2005–2006 season, the NHL instituted stricter enforcement of many checking violations that in previous seasons would not have been penalized.[citation needed] The intent of the new standard of enforcement was to fundamentally alter the way ice hockey is played, rewarding speed and agility over brute strength, as well as increasing opportunities for scoring and minimizing stoppage of play.[citation needed] However, it is unclear how expanding the definition of a penalty will minimize the stoppage of play, as penalty calls entail play stoppage. One explanation may be that more clearly defined rules gives players more distinct boundaries on penalties, resulting in fewer penalties. The intended result is a faster-paced game with generally higher scores than in previous years.[1]

External links


  1. ^ [NHL Rules Changes: Probing The Brave New Hockey World], 

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Ice hockey at the Olympic Games — Representing Canada, the Winnipeg Falcons (pictured en route to the 1920 Summer Olympics) were the first Olympic champions in ice hockey. Governing body …   Wikipedia

  • Ice hockey — sport imagesize=250px caption=Two defencemen and a goaltender guard their goal. The referee s raised arm indicates that he intends to call a penalty. union=International Ice Hockey Federation nickname=Hockey first=March 3, 1875, Victoria Skating… …   Wikipedia

  • ice hockey — a game played on ice between two teams of six skaters each, the object being to score goals by shooting a puck into the opponents cage using a stick with a wooden blade set at an obtuse angle to the shaft. [1880 85] * * * Game played on an ice… …   Universalium

  • Ice hockey stick — An ice hockey stick is a piece of equipment used in ice hockey to shoot, pass, and carry the puck. Ice hockey sticks are approximately 150 200 cm long, composed of a long, slender shaft with a flat extension at one end called the blade. The blade …   Wikipedia

  • Ice Hockey (video game) — Infobox VG| title = Ice Hockey developer = Nintendo R D3fact|date=October 2008 publisher = Nintendofact|date=October 2008 designer = Genyo Takedafact|date=October 2008 composer = Kōji Kondōfact|date=October 2008 Soyo Okafact|date=October 2008… …   Wikipedia

  • Ice hockey equipment — In ice hockey, players use specialized equipment both to facilitate the play of the game and for protection. Background The hard surfaces of the ice and boards, pucks flying at high speed (over 160 kilometers per hour (100 mph) at times), and… …   Wikipedia

  • Penalty (ice hockey) — A penalty in ice hockey is a punishment for inappropriate behavior. Most penalties are enforced by detaining the offending player within a penalty box for a set number of minutes, during which, the player can not participate in play. The… …   Wikipedia

  • Clipping (ice hockey) — Clipping is a penalty in the sport of ice hockey. It is generally recognized as hitting an opposing player at or below the other player s knees. Clipping should not be confused with hip checking, where one player hits an opponent with his hips,… …   Wikipedia

  • Enforcer (ice hockey) — Enforcer is an unofficial role in ice hockey. The term is sometimes used synonymously with fighter , tough guy or goon . An enforcer s job is to deter and respond to dirty or violent play by the opposition. When such play occurs, the enforcer is… …   Wikipedia

  • Charging (ice hockey) — The referee signal for Charging Charging is a minor penalty in ice hockey. Rule 41 of the NHL rulebook dictates that charging shall mean the actions of a player or goalkeeper who, as a result of distance traveled, shall violently check an… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.