Leucanthemum vulgare

Leucanthemum vulgare
Oxeye daisy
White Ox-eye daisy flower
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Asterales
Family: Asteraceae
Genus: Leucanthemum
Species: L. vulgare
Binomial name
Leucanthemum vulgare
Lam.

Leucanthemum vulgare, the oxeye daisy, (syn. Chrysanthemum leucanthemum), is a widespread flowering plant native to Europe and the temperate regions of Asia. It is one of a number of Asteraceae family plants to be called a 'daisy,' and has the vernacular names common daisy, dog daisy, margarite, moon daisy, and ox-eye daisy.

Leucanthemum vulgare is a typical grassland perennial wildflower, growing in a variety of plant communities including meadows and fields, under scrub and open-canopy forests, and in disturbed areas. [1]

Contents

Description

Leucanthemum vulgare is a perennial herb 2 feet (61 cm) high by 1 foot (0.30 m) wide. The stem is mostly unbranched and sprouts laterally from a creeping rhizomatous rootstock. [1]

The leaves are dark green on both sides. The basal and middle leaves are petiolate, obovate to spoon-shaped, and serrate to dentate. The upper leaves are shorter, sessile, and borne along the stem.

Leucanthemum vulgare blooms from late spring to autumn. The small flower head, not larger than 5 centimetres (2.0 in), consists of about 20 white ray florets that surround a yellow disc, growing on the end of 1 to 3 ft (30 to 91 cm) tall stems. The plant produces an abundant number of flat seeds, without pappus, that remain viable in the soil for 2 to 3 years. It also spreads vegetatively by rhizomes. [1]

Uses

Leucanthemum vulgare: Oxeye daisy flower
Food

The un-opened flower buds can be marinated and used in a similar way to capers. [2]

Cultivation

Leucanthemum vulgare is widely cultivated and available as a perennial flowering ornamental plant for gardens and designed meadow landscapes. It thrives in a wide range of conditions and can grow in sun to partial shade, and prefers damp soils. There are cultivars, such as 'May Queen' which begins blooming in early spring.

In North Carolina it is planted as a roadside wildflower by the state highway department. [3]

Invasive species

Leucanthemum vulgare has became an introduced species via gardens into natural areas in parts of the United States, Australia, and New Zealand, where it is now a common weed. [4] In some habitats it is an invasive species forming dense colonies displacing native plants and modifying existing communities, and classified as a noxious weed. [5] [6] [7] It is difficult to control or eradicate, since a new plant can regenerate from rhizome fragments. [5]

Oxeye daisy is a host for several viral diseases affecting crops. [1]

Popular culture

The prose game "He loves me, he loves me not" (effeuiller la marguerite in French) is associated with this flower.

Allergies

Allergies to daises do occur usually causing contact dermatitis.[8]

References

  1. ^ a b c d Cirrus.image - Leucanthemum vulgare . accessed 4.8.2011
  2. ^ Ox-eye daisy capers, Daisy Capers at WildFoods.ca. Retrieved December 12, 2006.
  3. ^ "Wildflowers Find Favor With Highway Gardeners" article by Felicity Barringer in the New York Times August 29, 2007
  4. ^ Invasive.org: Ox-eye daisy. accessed 4.8.2011
  5. ^ a b Cirrus.image - Ecological Impacts: Leucanthemum vulgare . accessed 4.8.2011
  6. ^ USDA - Noxious Weed Information: & U.S. Weed Information: Leucanthemum vulgare . accessed 4.8.2011
  7. ^ Jepson Manual treatment: common escaped flora in California. accessed 4.8.2011
  8. ^ Gordon LA. "Compositae dermatitis. [Review] [30 refs] Australasian Journal of Dermatology. 40(3):123-8; quiz 129-30, 1999 Aug.

See also

External links


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Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Leucanthemum vulgare —   Leucanthemum vulgare Leu …   Wikipedia Español

  • Leucanthemum vulgare — Margerite Margerite (Chrysanthemum leucanthemum), Illustration: (2) zygomorphe Zungenblüte mit drei Kronzipfeln, (3),(4 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Leucanthemum vulgare — paprastoji baltagalvė statusas T sritis vardynas apibrėžtis Astrinių šeimos dekoratyvinis, vaistinis augalas (Leucanthemum vulgare), paplitęs Europoje ir vakarų Azijoje. atitikmenys: lot. Leucanthemum vulgare angl. dog daisy; margriet; marguerite …   Lithuanian dictionary (lietuvių žodynas)

  • Leucanthemum vulgare — ID 47085 Symbol Key LEVU Common Name oxeye daisy Family Asteraceae Category Dicot Division Magnoliophyta US Nativity Introduced to U.S. US/NA Plant Yes State Distribution AK, AL, AR, AZ, CA, CO, CT, DC, DE, FL, GA, HI, IA, ID, IL, IN, KS, KY, LA …   USDA Plant Characteristics

  • Leucanthemum vulgare — noun tall leafy stemmed Eurasian perennial with white flowers; widely naturalized; often placed in genus Chrysanthemum • Syn: ↑oxeye daisy, ↑ox eyed daisy, ↑marguerite, ↑moon daisy, ↑white daisy, ↑Chrysanthemum leucanthemum • Hypernyms: ↑ …   Useful english dictionary

  • Leucanthemum vulgare — …   Википедия

  • Leucanthemum vulgare Lam. — многол.; VI–VIII Сем. Asteraceae (Compositae) – Сложноцветные 260. Род Leucanthemum Mill. – Нивяник 500. Нивяник обыкновенный Syn rus: Поповник См. Leucanthemum vulgare Lam. – Нивяник обыкновенный Луга, лесные опушки, сорное в посевах. Часто, по… …   Флора Центрально-лесного государственного заповедника

  • Leucanthemum vulgare Lam. — Symbol LEVU Common Name oxeye daisy Botanical Family Asteraceae …   Scientific plant list

  • Leucanthemum vulgare Lam. var. pinnatifidum (Lecoq & Lamotte) Moldenke — Symbol LEVU Synonym Symbol LEVUP Botanical Family Asteraceae …   Scientific plant list


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