infobox UK place
country = England
region= South East England
post_town= KIDLINGTON|postcode_district = OX5
postcode_area= OX|dial_code= 01865
Kidlington is a large
villageand civil parishin the Cherwell District of Oxfordshire, England. It is 8 km (5 miles) north of Oxford(although only one mile from edge to edge) and 27 km (17 miles) south of Banbury, between the River Cherwelland the Oxford Canal.
Kidlington is a contender for
Largest village in England(as well as Europe) with a population, including contiguous Gosfordand Water Eaton(in Gosford and Water Eatonparish), but not neighbouring Yarntonor Begbroke, of over 17,500 (compared to 1,300 in 1901). Kidlington parish had a population of 13,719 according to the 2001 census (2006 est. 14,000). It has so far resisted proposals to become a town. Following a peremptory change by the Parish Council to Town status, the change was voted down in a ballot of the local electorate by 98%, and reversed. Speculation continues regarding when population pressure will cause a re-evaluation of Kidlington's Village status.
Kidlington was originally called Cudelinga tun, derived from the tun (Anglo-Saxon word meaning settlement) of the Kidlings or sons of Cydel-hence. The
Domesday Surveyin 1086 mentions Chedelintone and by 1214 the spelling Kedelinton appears in a Calendar of Bodleian Charters.
On the north-east edge of the village lies St Mary The Virgin church, a grade one listed building dating from 1220, with a Tudor rectory, fine medieval stained glass and a 220 ft spire known as 'Our Lady's Needle'. The tower contains a peal of eight bells which is still in regular use. There is evidence of a church existing on the site from 1073. Behind the church there are archaeological remains of a three-sided moat, and a causeway has recently been discovered which is possibly of Roman origin.
Alongside the church is The Almshouse, built by Sir William Morton in 1671 in memory of his wife and children, whose names are inscribed above the windows. Sir William was a Royalist Commander during the Civil War and lived in nearby Hampden Manor in Mill Street. Other famous residents of Hampden Manor include Sir
John Vanbrughwho lived here during the building of Blenheim Palacein Woodstock. The square tower water closet in the front garden of Hampden Manor was built by Vanbrugh. It drains into a stream that now runs underground along Mill Street into the nearby River Cherwell. Thomas Beecham formulated his medicine whilst living in a cottage near the Manor, where he worked for a time as a gardener for John Sydenham.
The settlement mentioned in Domesday grew steadily from an ancient village adjacent to the church. Here there are as many 18th-century (Georgian) buildings as modern houses. Until the Enclosure acts in 1818, a large section south of the village was unenclosed common land, and the village was widely known as Kidlington-on-the-Green. Just prior to
World War II, this land was built up in an estate known as Garden City.
In the 1920s and 1930s Kidlington became a victim of
Ribbon developmentalong the main (now A4260) road through the village. Since 1945 many housing estates have been built behind this on both sides.
Kidlington has about 50 shops banks and building societies, a library, a large village hall, and a regular weekly market. There are seven public houses, two cafes, and four restaurants. The Pubs are concentrated along the main A4260 road through the village. North to South these are: The Wise Alderman, The Black Horse, The Black Bull, The Red Lion, and The
Dogwood(formerly The Dog, later The Squire Bassett), as well as the Kings Arms in The Moors, and The Six Bells in Mill St.
The village is home to the headquarters of the
OxfordshireFire and Rescue Service, the Thames Valley Police, the county St. John Ambulance, and the major European publishing company Elsevierwhich has its UK head office here. Also Oxford Airport, which has since 1962 had a pilot training school that has trained thousands of pilots for many airlines in over 40 different countries. Local radio station Fox FM's "Flying Fox" helicopter is also based there. There are several industrial and business parks and a large motor park in the North of the village. Campsfield House, one of ten controversial Immigration Detention Centres run by the government, is also there.
There is a secondary school (Gosford Hill) and a handful of primary schools to deal with the expanding population.
The most famous resident of Kidlington is Sir
Richard Branson, founder of the Virgin Group.
A railway station, designed by
Isambard Kingdom Brunel, was built in 1852 near Langford Lane but closed in 1964 despite being on the main Cherwell Valley Lineand the smaller village of Tackleyto the north retaining its station. The building remained in 1983. Speculation in the 1980s onwards was that a new station might appear on the empty piece of land between Flatford Place and Thorne Close on Lyne Road.
There used to be a large zoo in Kidlington where the Thames Valley Police headquarters is now.
uburbs of Kidlington
If a village can be said to have suburbs.
* [http://www.kidlington-pc.gov.uk/index.asp Official Parish Council website]
* [http://www.communigate.co.uk/oxford/kidhist/index.phtml This is Oxfordshire website: Kidlington & District Historical Society]
* [http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.asp?compid=9617&strquery=Oxford%20canal 'Kidlington: Introduction', A History of the County of Oxford: Volume 12]
* [http://www.parishes.oxford.anglican.org/kidlington/stmk/history1.htm Parish Church of St Mary the Virgin, Kidlington]
* [http://groups.yahoo.com/group/Kidlington-Freecycling-Group/ Kidlington Freecycling Group]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Kidlington — Kidlington … Wikipédia en Français
Kidlington — … Wikipedia Español
Kidlington F.C. — Football club infobox clubname = Kidlington fullname = Kidlington Football Club nickname = The Greens founded = 1909 ground = Yarnton Road, Kidlington capacity = chairman = Geoff Talboys manager = Paul Lee league = Hellenic Football League… … Wikipedia
Kidlington — Original name in latin Kidlington Name in other language Kidlington State code GB Continent/City Europe/London longitude 51.82166 latitude 1.2886 altitude 64 Population 15278 Date 2011 03 03 … Cities with a population over 1000 database
London Oxford Airport — Oxford Airport Oxford/Kidlington Airport IATA: OXF – ICAO: EGTK Summary Airport type Private … Wikipedia
Oxford Airport — Infobox Airport name = Oxford Airport nativename = nativename a = nativename r = Oxford/Kidlington Airport image width = caption = IATA = OXF ICAO = EGTK type = Private owner = Oxford Aviation Services Ltd. operator = Oxford Aviation Services Ltd … Wikipedia
Oxfordshire — Coat of arms of Oxfordshire Flag of Oxfordshire Motto of … Wikipedia
Oxford West and Abingdon (UK Parliament constituency) — Oxford West and Abingdon County constituency for the House of Commons Boundary of Oxford West and Abingdon in … Wikipedia
Cherwell local elections — One third of Cherwell District Council in Oxfordshire, England is elected each year, followed by one year without election. Since the last boundary changes in 2002, 50 councillors have been elected from 28 wards. Contents 1 Political control 2 … Wikipedia
2009–10 Oxford United F.C. season — Oxford United 2009 10 season Chairman Kelvin Thomas Manager … Wikipedia