Gonzalo de Berceo

Gonzalo de Berceo (ca. 1190– before 1264) was a Spanish poet born in the Riojan village of Berceo, close to the major Benedictine monastery of San Millán de la Cogolla. He is celebrated for his poems on religious subjects, written in a style of verse which has been called Mester de Clerecía, shared with more secular productions such as the "Libro de Alexandre", the "Libro de Apolonio". He is considered the first Spanish poet known by name.

Gonzalo is recorded as being a deacon in his home parish in the early 1220s, and as a priest from 1237 on. It has been surmised that he may have studied in the nascent university of Palencia, and may have served in the curia of the bishop of Calahorra.

He wrote devotional and theological works. The devotional may be divided into two sub-sections: the Marian (the long "Milagros de Nuestra Seňora" (Miracles of Our Lady - perhaps influenced by Gautier de Coincy), the "Duelo de la Virgen" (the Mourning of the Virgin, a dialogue between the Blessed Virgin Mary and Saint Bernard of Clairvaux) and "Loores de la Virgen" (the Praises of the Virgin, which is a type of salvation history); and the hagiographical (the "Vida de San Millán de la Cogolla", "Vida de Santo Domingo de Silos" and the "Vida de Santa Oria": the lives of Aemilian of la Cogolla, Dominic of Silos, and Aurea (Oria)). These three are saints have a strong regional attachment: Aemilian, a Visigothic saint, was patron of the near-by monastery; Dominic, 11th century abbot of Silos and one of the most important saints in thirteenth-century Spain, was born in the town of Cañas, near to Berceo; and Aurea was an anchoress who lived in the monastery of San Millán during the late eleventh century. He also wrote the fragmentary "Martirio de San Lorenzo" (the Martyrdom of Saint Lawrence, a Roman martyr of the third century), which may be connected to a shrine of Saint Lawrence supposedly built by Aemilian himself, at the top of the mountain below which the monastery of San Millán is situated. The theological works are the "Del sacrificio de la misa" (On the Sacrifice of the Mass), a verse-compendium of the significance of the priest's actions during the eucharist; and "Los signos del juicio final" (the Signs of the Last Judgement), a description of the prodigies that will be witnessed before the return of Christ to judge the living and the dead.

His proximity to San Millán and his composition of hagiographies which seem to support the monastery's interests, have led him to be considered a propagandist for the narrow interests of the monastery of San Millán. This view has been propounded above all by Professor Brian Dutton, editor of Gonzalo de Berceo's collected works, although some critics (notably Fernando Baños and Isabel Uría Maqua) have taken a view which presents the poet as less motivated by his concerns for the monastery; others (particularly Gregory Andrachuk) have linked him to the Lateran reforms.

References

*Capuano, Thomas M. " [http://www.illinoismedieval.org/EMS/VOL10/capuano.html Images of the Here-and-Now in Gonzalo de Bercero's "De los signos que apareceran ante del juicio"] ". Essays in Medieval Studies, Proceedings of the Illinois Medieval Association. (10) 65. 1993.


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Gonzalo De Berceo — Buste idéalisé de Gonzalo de Berceo Activité(s) Poète, religieux Naissance v …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Gonzalo de Berceo — Buste idéalisé de Gonzalo de Berceo Activités Poète, religieux Naissance v. 1196 Berceo ( …   Wikipédia en Français

  • GONZALO DE BERCEO — (1198 env. apr. 1264) Célèbre auteur du XIIIe siècle, Gonzalo de Berceo est le premier poète espagnol dont on connaisse le nom. Ce que nous savons de lui, tout en étant fort réduit, dépasse largement nos connaissances sur d’autres auteurs… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Gonzalo de Berceo — • Spanish poet, active between 1220 and 1242 Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Gonzalo de Berceo     Gonzalo de Berceo     † …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Gonzālo von Berceo — Gonzālo von Berceo, spanischer Dichter des 13. Jahrh., wahrscheinlich Weltgeistlicher in Berceo; er ist der erste spanische Dichter, von welchem Gedichte auf unsere Zeit gekommen sind; ihre Sujets sind meist geistliche u. kirchliche u. finden… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Gonzalo de Berceo — Busto ideal de Gonzalo de Berceo. Gonzalo de Berceo (Berceo c. 1197 antes de 1264) fue un escritor español del llamado «mester de clerecía». Contenido 1 Biografía …   Wikipedia Español

  • Gonzalo de Berceo — (h.1197 h.1264) Es el primer poeta español de nombre conocido. Fue un clérigo que pasó su vida en los monasterios de San Millán de la Cogolla y Santo Domingo de Silos y es el más importante representante del mester de clerecía. Su poesía trata de …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Berceo — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Para el escritor, véase Gonzalo de Berceo. Para otros usos de este término, véase Berceo (desambiguación). Berceo …   Wikipedia Español

  • Berceo (desambiguación) — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda El término Berceo puede referirse a: La localidad de Berceo Gonzalo de Berceo, primer poeta de nombre conocido en lengua castellana. El nombre común de la planta Stipa gigantea Obtenido de Berceo… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Berceo — (in the Middle Ages, Madriz) is a municipality in La Rioja, Spain. It is located near the monastery of San Millán de la Cogolla and was the birthplace of Gonzalo de Berceo. It has also been proposed as identification of historic Vergegio, named… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.