- Local Government etc. (Scotland) Act 1994
The Local Government etc. (Scotland) Act 1994 (1994 c. 39) is an Act of the
Parliament of the United Kingdomwhich created the current local government structure of 32 unitary authoritiescovering the whole of Scotland.
It abolished the two-tier structure of regions and districts created by the
Local Government (Scotland) Act 1973which had previously covered Scotland except for the islands council areas.
The Act came into effect on 1 April 1996.
Secretary of State for Scotland, Ian Langoutlined proposed areas in a statement to the Commons on July 8, 1993. [cite hansard|url=http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm199293/cmhansrd/1993-07-08/Debate-1.html|column=489|date=July 8 1993|house=House of Commons] ["Councils in Scotland to face shake-up", The Times. 9 July 1993.] This outlined 25 unitary authorities (apart from the 3 Island Areas), as follows
City of Aberdeen: existing Aberdeen District plus Westhill area of Gordon District
Aberdeenshire: Banff and Buchan District, Gordon District less Westhill area, Kincardine and Deeside District less southern part of former County of Kincardineshire
Angusand Mearns: Angus District, the Monifieth and Sidlaw areas of Dundee District and the southern part of former County of Kincardineshire from Kincardine and Deeside District less
Argyll and Bute: Argyll and Bute District, western part of Dumbarton District (including Helensburgh)
Berwickshireand East Lothian: Berwickshire District, East Lothian District less Musselburgh/Fisherrow, Preston/Levenhall areas
* The Borders: Tweeddale District, Ettrick and Lauderdale District, Roxburgh District
* Clackmannan and Falkirk: Clackmannan District, Falkirk District, Kincardine Bridge area of Dunfermline District
Dumbarton and Clydebank: Clydebank District, Dumbarton District (less Helensburgh area)
Dumfries and Galloway: Dumfries and Galloway Region
City of Dundee: Dundee District less Monifieth and Sidlaw areas
City of Edinburgh: Edinburgh District
East Dunbartonshire: Bearsden and Milngavie District, Strathkelvin District less area around Chryston formerly in the county of Lanarkshire
East Renfrewshire: Eastwood District, and the Barrhead area and Paisley suburbs in East Renfrewshire constituency from Renfrew District
Fife: Fife Region
City of Glasgow: Glasgow District less Toryglen/King's Park, Rutherglen/Fernhill and Cambuslang/Halfway areas
*Highland: Highland Region
*The Lothians: Midlothian District, West Lothian District, the Musselburgh/Fisherrow, Preston/Levenhall areas of East Lothian District
Moray: Moray District
North Ayrshire: Cunninghame District, Cumnock and Doon Valley District, Kilmarnock and Loudoun District
North Lanarkshire: Cumbernauld and Kilsyth District, Monklands District, Motherwell District, the area around Chryston formerly in the county of Lanarkshire from Strathkelvin District
*Perthshire and Kinross: Perth and Kinross District
South Ayrshire: Kyle and Carrick District
South Lanarkshire: Clydesdale District, Hamilton District, East Kilbride District, the Toryglen/King's Park, Rutherglen/Fernhill and Cambuslang/Halfway areas from Glasgow District
*Stirling: Stirling District
West Renfrewshire: Inverclyde District, Renfrew District less the Barrhead area and Paisley suburbs in East Renfrewshire constituency
New local government areas
Schedule I of the Act defined the new local government areas in terms of the existing districts and regions. Islands council areas had been unitary council areas since implementation of the 1973 Act, and Section 3 of the 1994 Act provided that the existing islands areas were to continue to be local government areas.
Each area established by the Act was to be governed by an elected council. The council's title was simply the name of the area followed by the word "Council": "Argyll and Bute Council", "Aberdeen City Council" and so on. Each area was divided into wards with each ward returning a single councillor. The councillors were required to elect a convener, and could choose to elect a depute convener. In the four city areas (Aberdeen, Dundee, Edinburgh and Glasgow) the convener's title was to be
Lord Provost. In the other council areas the convener was to be "known by such title as the council may determine", other than Lord Provost. In 1998sixteen councils were using the title "provost", the remaining twelve having conveners. ["Whitaker's Concise Almanack 1999", London , 1998]
Area councils were obliged to make a draft
decentralisationscheme by April 1, 1997. The scheme could provide for:
* The holding of meetings of the council (or any committee or sub-committee) at particular places within the council area
* The establishment of committees for particular areas and the delegation to them of specified functions
* The location of council offices within the area
* The provision of facilities for accessing advice on council services at particular places within the council areaThe plan was to include dates at which the various proposals were to be carried out. Having made the draft plan there was to be an eight-week period in which the area council was to consult with the relevant community councils and invite the public to make observations. The decentralisation scheme could then be adopted in original or modified form.
Community councils established by district councils under the 1973 Act were to continue to exist. The area councils took on the powers of the abolished districts to make or amend schemes for the establishment of communities.
Water supply and sewerage
Part II of the Act reorganised water supply and sewerage services, previously the responsibility of regional councils. Three water authorities were established, each with a defined water area and sewerage area (which were not necessarily identical). The water and sewerage areas were defined in schedule 8, as follows:
The Act also established a Scottish Water and Sewerage Customers Council. The three water authorities were merged in
2002to form Scottish Water.
The reorganisation of local government areas also led to changes in policing, fire services, public transport and tourism promotion. These had been organised in
1975to correspond to one or more regions.
Police (Scotland) Act 1967was amended to allow for the reconstitution of police areas and appointment of joint authorities.
* Similarly fire services and authorities were reconstituted.
* The Secretary of State for Scotland was to designate an area and constitution for the Strathclyde Passenger Transport Authority.
* Area Tourist Boards were to be established by the Secretary of State.
Subdivisions of Scotland
Notes and references
* [http://www.opsi.gov.uk/acts/acts1994/Ukpga_19940039_en_1.htm Full text of the act, Office of Public Sector Information (OPSI) website]
[http://www.opsi.gov.uk/about/index.htm OPSI home page]
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