Army Group G

The German Army Group G ("Heeresgruppe G") fought on the Western Front of World War II and was a component of OB West. [Cole (references) [http://www.army.mil/cmh-pg/books/wwii/lorraine/ch12endnotes.htm End Notes] ]

When the Allied invasion of Southern France (Operation Dragoon) took place, Army Group G had eleven divisions with which to hold France south of the Loire.Pogue (references) [http://ibiblio.org/hyperwar/USA/USA-E-Supreme/USA-E-Supreme-12.html CHAPTER XII The Campaign in Southern France] p.227] After the successful Allied invasion of Southern France, on the 17/18 of August the German Armed Forces High Command (OKW) ordered Army Group G, with the exception of the fortress ports, to abandon southern France. The German LXIV Corps, which had been in charge of troops in the south west since First Army had been withdrawn a few weeks earlier to hold the line on the River Seine southeast of Paris, formed three march groups and withdrew eastward toward Dijon. At the same time the German Nineteenth Army, retreated northward through the Rhône valley toward the Plateau de Langres where it was joined by the German Fifth Panzer Army which was assigned to Army Group G so that a counter-attack could delivered against the United States Third Army.Pogue (references) p.228] But the retreat did not go according to plan, as the Nineteenth Army retreated, many personnel of Army Group G were taken prisoner "en masse" by the Sixth United States Army Group. [ [http://www.bbc.co.uk/ww2peopleswar/timeline/factfiles/nonflash/a1143406.shtml?sectionId=6&articleId=1143406 Fact File : Antwerp Captured] , BBC, June 2003 ] By the time the retreat was over General Johannes Blaskowitz had lost about half his force and was relieved on 21 September by General Hermann Balck.Pogue (references) p.229] By mid September the Fifth were in position on the left wing of the German line north of the Swiss border. From there the Fifth Panzer with elements of the First attacked the United States Third Army, while the much reduced German Nineteenth Army opposed the French First Army and the U.S. Seventh Army under General Alexander M. Patch.Pogue (references) p.230]

Army Group G fought in the Vosges Mountains, during November 1944, and retreated through Lorraine and north Alsace during December 1944.100th Infantry Division Association References] In late November 1944, Army Group G temporarily lost responsibility for the German troops in the Colmar Pocket and on the Rhine River south of the Bienwald to the short-lived Army Group Oberrhein. At least one of its divisions, the 21st Panzer Division, fought on the southern flank of the Battle of the Bulge [Cole (references) [http://www.army.mil/cmh-pg/books/wwii/7-8/7-8_3.htm CHAPTER III:Troops and Terrain] ] In January 1945 it was a major component in Operation "Nordwind", the last major German counter attack on the Western Front. With the failure of "Nordwind" and the ejection of the Germans from the Colmar Pocket, Army Group Oberrhein was inactivated and Army Group G reassumed responsibility for the defense of all of southwestern Germany.

Unable to halt the offensive by Allied troops that cleared the Rhineland-Palatinate and subsequently assaulted over the Rhine River, Army Group G's troops nevertheless managed a spirited defense at the cities of Heilbronn, Crailsheim, Nuremberg, and Munich during April 1945.

Army Group G surrendered to U.S. forces at Haar, in Bavaria, in Germany on May 5, 1945. [World Almanac of World War II, editor: Peter Young; St. Martin's Press]

Commanders

Order of Battle

References

*Cole, Hugh M. [http://www.army.mil/cmh-pg/books/wwii/7-8/7-8_Cont.htm#toc UNITED STATES ARMY IN WORLD WAR: The European Theater of Operations THE ARDENNES: BATTLE OF THE BULGE]
*Pogue, Forrest C. [http://ibiblio.org/hyperwar/USA/USA-E-Supreme/ United States Army in World War II: European Theater of Operations: The Supreme Command]
* [http://www.100thww2.org/aid/geraid.html The German View] website of the 100th (U.S.) Infantry Division Association

Footnotes


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