Canadian Food Inspection Agency
=Role and responsibilities=
The Canadian Food Inspection Agency ("French: Agence canadienne d'inspection des aliments"), or CFIA, was created in April
1997, to integrate inspectionand related services previously provided through the activities of four federal government departments – Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, Fisheries and Oceans Canada, Health Canadaand Industry Canada. The establishment of the CFIA consolidated the delivery of all federal food safety, animal health, and plant healthregulatory programmes.
The agency is part of the larger federal public service. According to the [http://www.inspection.gc.ca/english/agen/val/vale.shtml CFIA statement of values] , science is the basis for regulatory decisions but the need to consider other factors is recognized.
The Minister of Agriculture and Agri-Food is responsible for the CFIA. The Minister of Health is responsible for establishing policies and standards for the safety and
nutritional quality of food sold in Canada; the administration of those provisions of the Canadian [http://laws.justice.gc.ca./en/F-27/index.html"Food and Drugs Act" ] that relate to public health, safety and nutrition; and for assessing the effectiveness of the Agency’s activities related to food safety.
Through the enforcement of [http://www.inspection.gc.ca/english/reg/rege.shtml various acts and regulations] , the CFIA works to protect Canadians from preventable health risksand provide a fair and effective food, animal and plant regulatory regime that supports competitive domestic and international markets
The main food elements of the Food and Drugs Act were last updated in 1985 and there have been ongoing regulatory amendments brought forward by Health Canada in its role as the standard setting body.
Various legal interpretations have affected the operational priorities of CFIA. In particular, the Food and Drug Act / Regulations prescribe that entry to a food processing facility must be based on reasonable grounds. As a result, the CFIA must rely on the consumer/industry complaints and advice from Health Canada to provide reasonable grounds for entry.
Other Acts and Regulations do specify inspection requirements and for certain trade requirement, the need to register with CFIA to conduct business. Such companies are termed "registered establishments" as opposed to those "non-federally resgistered establishments" that fall solely under the Food and Drugs Act. While the Food and Drugs Act provide for core food safety standards, many companies opt to use third party standards such as HACCP or ISO in order to meet client specified standards. These standards are closely adhered to due to the potential loss of business.
The Food and Drugs Act does not provide the power to recall food products and almost all recalls are done on a voluntary basis However, [http://laws.justice.gc.ca/en/showdoc/cs/C-16.5/bo-ga:s_19//en#anchorbo-ga:s_19 Section 19] of the Canadian Food Inspection Agency Act provides authority for the Minister of Agriculture to order a mandatory recall. Such a recall order would only be conducted if there was potential harm to the consumer (Class I or Class II).
CFIA rates their recalls in three classifications.
"Class I" is a situation in which there is a reasonable probability that the use of, or exposure to, a violative product will cause serious adverse health consequences or death.
"Class II" is a situation in which the use of, or exposure to, a violative product may cause temporary adverse health consequences or where the probability of serious adverse health consequences is remote.
"Class III" is a situation in which the use of, or exposure to, a violative product is not likely to cause any adverse health consequences.
Public notification of Class I and sometimes class II recalls is done by the CFIA. Public notice of low risk recalls are not done but recall information is available through the Access to Information process [http://www.infocom.gc.ca/faq/default-e.asp]
The Food and Drugs Act does not have any requirements for domestic manufacturers to notify the agency of their existence but companies generally require provincial registrations or municipal licenses to operate. Provincial authorities and local public health units carry out inspections and work with the CFIA to manage food safety risks.
There were approximately 10,475 importers in Canada in 2005. These importers accounted for over 20 billion kilograms of food products every year (Data provided through Customs Canada). There is no requirement in the Food and Drugs Act for importers to directly notify the CFIA of their existence but all commercial importers must have an import/export account with Canada Border Services Agency who refers food, animal and plant imports to the CFIA as required.
August 2008 listeria outbreak
August 27, 2008the Globe and Mail reported a leaked Conservative cabinet document outlined plans for the Canadian Food Inspection Agency to give the food industry a greater role in the inspection process. However, some of the plans have been in place since March 31, 2008according to a CFIA manager and an official from the union that represents the federal inspectors.Cite web
last = Tu Thanh Ha, Bill Curry, Anne Mcilroy
title = Inspectors failed to adopt more rigorous U.S. measures
work = Globe and Mail
accessdate = 2008-08-27
date = 2008-08-27
url = http://www.theglobeandmail.com/servlet/story/RTGAM.20080827.wmeat27/BNStory/National/home]
At the Maple Leaf plant behind the listeria outbreak, a single federal inspector was relegated to auditing company paperwork and had to deal with several other plants, the manager and the union official said, contradicting the impression that officials had left last week that full-time watchdogs were on-site. Under the new system, federal inspectors do random product tests only three or four times a year at any given plant. And meat packers are required to test each type of product only once a month. Under the old system, inspectors had a more hands-on role on the plant floor, did more of the tests themselves and had more freedom to investigate, said former CFIA inspector.
Stephen Harperrejected any suggestions that the federal government is not doing enough. The Conservative government's changes are the subject of heated controversy as academics and the opposition express concerns over the few details that have emerged so far. The 2008 budget indicated the CFIA was asked to find savings to pay for new programs. The leaked document indicated savings would be found by transferring some meat-inspection duties to industry.
To date there are:
*29 Confirmed cases of
listeriosisacross Canada (22 in Ontario, four in B.C., two in Quebec and one in Saskatchewan).
*30 Suspected cases (16 in Ontario, 10 in Quebec and four in Alberta)
*6 Confirmed deaths caused by the outbreak (all in Ontario)
*11 Suspected deaths (Six in Ontario, two in Alberta, one in B.C., one in Sask. and one in Quebec)
Canada Border Services Agency
* [http://www.inspection.gc.ca Canadian Food Inspection Agency Official Website]
* [http://www.inspection.gc.ca/english/corpaffr/recarapp/recaltoce.shtml CFIA - Index of Food Recalls]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Food safety — is a scientific discipline describing handling, preparation, and storage of food in ways that prevent foodborne illness. This includes a number of routines that should be followed to avoid potentially severe health hazards. Food can transmit… … Wikipedia
Canadian units — are the traditional weights and measures used in Canada. The country has officially adopted the metric system, but still maintains legal definitions of the imperial units under Schedule II, Section 4 of the Weights and Measures Act (R.S. 1985) (… … Wikipedia
Canadian Security Intelligence Service — CSIS redirects here. For other uses, see CSIS (disambiguation). Canadian Security Intelligence Service Agency overview Formed … Wikipedia
Canadian government scientific research organizations — Expenditures by federal and provincial organizations on scientific research and development accounted for about 10% of all such spending in Canada in 2006. These organizations are active in natural and social science research, engineering… … Wikipedia
Canadian Science Centre for Human and Animal Health — The Canadian Science Centre for Human and Animal Health is a major laboratory in Winnipeg, Manitoba. It is the workplace of 400 employees of the Government of Canada. Components * National Centre for Foreign Animal Disease ( Canadian Food… … Wikipedia
Canadian beer — Canada has a rich tradition of beer brewing.Fact|date=August 2008 While the Canadian beer industry is massive and plays an important role in Canadian identity, globalization of the brewing industry has seen the major players in Canada acquired by … Wikipedia
Food irradiation — The Radura logo, used to show a food has been treated with ionizing radiation. Food irradiation is the process of exposing food to ionizing radiation to destroy microorganisms, bacteria, viruses, or ins … Wikipedia
Food safety in the People's Republic of China — Food safety is a growing concern in Chinese agriculture. China s principal crops are rice, corn, wheat, soybeans, and cotton in addition to apples and other fruits and vegetables. [USDA. [http://www.ers.usda.gov/briefing/china/keystatistics.htm… … Wikipedia
Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada — Departments of the Government of Canada Agriculture and Agri Food (AAFC) Agriculture et Agroalimentaire Canada … Wikipedia
2008 Canadian listeriosis outbreak — Infobox civilian attack title=2008 Canadian listeriosis outbreak caption=A meat recall notice placed in the deli section of a grocery store location=Canada date= August 2008 to present fatalities=20 confirmed; 6 under investigationcite news | url … Wikipedia