Lond Daer Enedh
Infobox LOTR place
place_name = "Lond Daer Enedh" (Great Middle Haven)
place_alias = "Vinyalondë" (New Haven) "Lond Daer" (Great Haven)
place_description= Haven originally to support the Guild of Venturers of Númenor
place_type = Harbour
place_realm = Númenor,
Kings of Númenorlater Kings of Arnor
In the fiction of
J.R.R. Tolkien, Lond Daer Enedh (also spelt Ened) was a great harbour in Eriadorfounded by the Númenóreans.
Lond Daer, under the name Vinyalondë, or 'New Haven', was founded by
Númenor's crown prince Aldarionon the estuary of the river Gwathlóin the early Second Age. It was the first permanent settlement of the Númenóreans in Middle-earth. From here Aldarion's "Guild Of Venturers" began harvesting the local timber for the shipbuilding industry of Númenor.
Within a few centuries, the deforestation of the outlying regions
Enedwaithand Minhiriathbecame cataclysmic, angering the local native population (ancestors of the Dunlendings), and they began to fight back with increasing ferocity, destroying the haven several times, and frequently burning the great wood-stores in 'hit-and-run' attacks.
By the time of the
War of the Elves and Sauronin the middle of the Second Age, this 'New Haven' had become very well established, and its name had shifted over the intervening one thousand years to 'Lond Daer', the Great Haven. As such, it was one of the two beachheads of the Númenórean forces in Eriador that were used to support the Elves around S.A 1700.
Lond Daer's shipyards were starved of timber following the war, as the forces of
Sauronhad burnt almost all of what remained in Enedwaithand Minhiriath. Once its shipbuilding yards were no longer practicable, Lond Daer declined in importance, and the Númenórean hunger for ever more wealth shifted focus to the establishment of newer havens to the south, Pelargirand Umbar. Following this, Lond Daer was once again renamed, being now one of several major ports in Middle-earth, and was known as Lond Daer Enedh, or 'Great Middle Haven'. Despite this, Númenor still maintained traffic on the Gwathlóas far as the city of Tharbad.
Downfall of Númenor, Elendilfounded the realm of Arnorin the lands north of Lond Daer, but the haven was now redundant, and fell into ruin. Instead, control over the region was maintained from Tharbad. The ancient ruins of Lond Daer were still visible as late as the end of the Third Age, however, and still featured on maps from that time.
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