Solomon Breuer

Shlomo Zalman (Solomon) Breuer (Pilisvörösvár, Hungary 1850-Frankfurt 1926) was a Rabbi, initially in Pápa, Hungary and from the early 1890s in Frankfurt as a successor of his father-in-law Samson Raphael Hirsch.cite book |author=Dovid Landesman, David Kranzler |title=Rav Breuer: His Life and His Legacy |publisher=Feldheim Publishers |location=Jerusalem |year=1998 |isbn=1-58330-163-1]

Born into a family of German-speaking merchants, he studied with his maternal grandfather rabbi Simon Wiener. At the age of twelve at the "yeshiva" of Nitra, but returned to study with his grandfather until he could enrol in the "yeshiva" of Pressburg, then headed by rabbi Abraham Samuel Benjamin Sofer (the "Ktav Sofer"). He then proceeded to university studies and eventual doctorate in Mainz, where he became acquainted with rabbi Marcus Lehmann, one of the leaders of German Orthodoxy.

He married Sophie, youngest daughter of rabbi Samson Raphael Hirsch of Frankfurt, in 1876, and soon after accepted the rabbinate of Pápa in Hungary. His father-in-law passed away in December 1888, and Breuer succeeded him as the rabbi of the Frankfurt "Austrittsgemeinde" (seccessioned community) in 1890.

In Frankfurt he participated in the Freie Vereinigung, a national organisation of Orthodox communities, and created its rabbinical representative body, the "Verband der orthodoxen Rabbiner Deutschlands" (Union of Orthodox rabbis in Germany). He would later also be one of the founding members of Agudat Israel, and was a strong opponent of political Zionism; he viewed participation in the Zionist movement as an implicit approval of the idea that a Jewish state can replace Jewish religious identity.

As part of his duties in Frankfurt was Jewish education, and he opened a "yeshiva", the "Torah Lehranstalt", in 1893, which he modeled after the "yeshivot" he had attended in Hungary.

Little of Breuer's work remains in writing. Collected sermons were published in English under the title "Chochmo u'Mussar" in three volumes between 1972 and 1977 by his grandson Jacob Breuer, [cite book |author=Rabbi Dr Salomon Breuer |title=Chochmo U'Mussar |publisher=Philipp Feldheim |location=Jerusalem |year=1996 |isbn=0-87306-753-3] and some of his responsa appeared in the Hebrew volume "Divrei Yosef", which mainly contained the work of his son Joseph.

He had eight children. Simon died in childhood. Raphael Breuer was rabbi in Aschaffenburg, Joseph Breuer taught at the Torah Lehranstalt and recreated the Frankfurt community in 1940's New York, Isaac Breuer was an ideologue of Agudat Yisrael, Moses Breuer was a linguist, Samson Breuer a mathematician and actuary, and Joshua Breuer a pediatrician. His daughter Hannah Breuer married Edmund Meyer, a lawyer in Cologne.

References


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  • BREUER, ISAAC — (1883–1946), theoretician and leader of German Orthodoxy; son of Solomon Breuer and grandson of samson raphael hirsch . Born in Papa, Hungary, Breuer was brought as a child to Frankfurt, where he studied at his father s yeshiva and became a… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • BREUER, JOSEPH — (1882–1980), Orthodox rabbi; son of Solomon Breuer and grandson of samson raphael hirsch . Breuer was born in Papa, Hungary. In 1906, he became a lecturer at the yeshivah founded by his father in Frankfurt on the Main and became its head after… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • BREUER, RAPHAEL — (1881–1932), district rabbi at Aschaffenburg, Bavaria; son of solomon breuer . His candidacy for the succession to his father s office led to a bitter struggle in the Frankfurt congregation in which the majority, the Israelische… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Breuer — A number of notable people are known by the surname Breuer* Carolyn Breuer, German musician * Eric Breuer, Swiss archaeologist and historian * Jim Breuer, American comedian * Josef Breuer, physician and physiologist * Joseph Breuer, rabbi * Lanny …   Wikipedia

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  • Breuer, Solomon — (1850 1926)    German rabbi. He served as rabbi in Frankfurt am Main and founded the Association of Orthodox Rabbis in Germany. He was president of the Free Union for the Advancement of Orthodoxy and co founder of the Agudat Israel movement. In… …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

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