Shlomo Zalman (Solomon) Breuer (
Pilisvörösvár, Hungary1850- Frankfurt1926) was a Rabbi, initially in Pápa, Hungaryand from the early 1890s in Frankfurtas a successor of his father-in-law Samson Raphael Hirsch.cite book |author=Dovid Landesman, David Kranzler |title=Rav Breuer: His Life and His Legacy |publisher=Feldheim Publishers |location=Jerusalem |year=1998 |isbn=1-58330-163-1]
Born into a family of German-speaking merchants, he studied with his maternal grandfather rabbi Simon Wiener. At the age of twelve at the "yeshiva" of
Nitra, but returned to study with his grandfather until he could enrol in the "yeshiva" of Pressburg, then headed by rabbi Abraham Samuel Benjamin Sofer(the "Ktav Sofer"). He then proceeded to university studies and eventual doctorate in Mainz, where he became acquainted with rabbi Marcus Lehmann, one of the leaders of German Orthodoxy.
He married Sophie, youngest daughter of rabbi
Samson Raphael Hirschof Frankfurt, in 1876, and soon after accepted the rabbinate of Pápain Hungary. His father-in-law passed away in December 1888, and Breuer succeeded him as the rabbi of the Frankfurt "Austrittsgemeinde" (seccessioned community) in 1890.
In Frankfurt he participated in the Freie Vereinigung, a national organisation of Orthodox communities, and created its rabbinical representative body, the "Verband der orthodoxen Rabbiner Deutschlands" (Union of Orthodox rabbis in Germany). He would later also be one of the founding members of
Agudat Israel, and was a strong opponent of political Zionism; he viewed participation in the Zionist movement as an implicit approval of the idea that a Jewish state can replace Jewish religious identity.
As part of his duties in Frankfurt was Jewish education, and he opened a "
yeshiva", the "Torah Lehranstalt", in 1893, which he modeled after the "yeshivot" he had attended in Hungary.
Little of Breuer's work remains in writing. Collected sermons were published in English under the title "Chochmo u'Mussar" in three volumes between 1972 and 1977 by his grandson Jacob Breuer, [cite book |author=Rabbi Dr Salomon Breuer |title=Chochmo U'Mussar |publisher=Philipp Feldheim |location=Jerusalem |year=1996 |isbn=0-87306-753-3] and some of his responsa appeared in the Hebrew volume "Divrei Yosef", which mainly contained the work of his son Joseph.
He had eight children. Simon died in childhood.
Raphael Breuerwas rabbi in Aschaffenburg, Joseph Breuertaught at the Torah Lehranstalt and recreated the Frankfurt community in 1940's New York, Isaac Breuerwas an ideologue of Agudat Yisrael, Moses Breuer was a linguist, Samson Breuer a mathematician and actuary, and Joshua Breuer a pediatrician. His daughter Hannah Breuer married Edmund Meyer, a lawyer in Cologne.
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BREUER, ISAAC — (1883–1946), theoretician and leader of German Orthodoxy; son of Solomon Breuer and grandson of samson raphael hirsch . Born in Papa, Hungary, Breuer was brought as a child to Frankfurt, where he studied at his father s yeshiva and became a… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
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BREUER, RAPHAEL — (1881–1932), district rabbi at Aschaffenburg, Bavaria; son of solomon breuer . His candidacy for the succession to his father s office led to a bitter struggle in the Frankfurt congregation in which the majority, the Israelische… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
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Breuer, Isaac — (1883 1946) He was the leader of Orthodox Jewry of Hungarian origin, the son of Solomon Breuer. He lived in Frankfurt am Main where he was active in Jewish organizations. When Agudat Israel was founded in 1912 he became one of its ideologists … Dictionary of Jewish Biography
BREUER, SOLOMON — (1850–1926), rabbi and author, leader of German Orthodoxy (Trennungsorthodoxie). After studying at the Pressburg yeshivah under A.S.B. Schreiber and at German universities, Breuer officiated as rabbi in Papa, Hungary. He married the youngest… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
Breuer, Solomon — (1850 1926) German rabbi. He served as rabbi in Frankfurt am Main and founded the Association of Orthodox Rabbis in Germany. He was president of the Free Union for the Advancement of Orthodoxy and co founder of the Agudat Israel movement. In… … Dictionary of Jewish Biography
Joseph Breuer — (1882 1980) was a rabbi community leader in Germany and the United States. He was a Rabbi of one of the large Jewish synagouges founded by German Jewish refugees fleeing Nazi oppression that had settled in Washington Heights, New York. He had… … Wikipedia
ROSOWSKY, SOLOMON — (1878–1962), composer and musicologist. Born in Riga, the son of the noted cantor Baruch Leib Rosowsky, he studied at St. Petersburg under Rimsky Korsakov, Glazunov and Liadov. He was a cofounder of the society for jewish folk music in St.… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
SONNENFELD, JOSEPH ḤAYYIM BEN ABRAHAM SOLOMON — (1849–1932), first rabbi of the separatist Orthodox community in Jerusalem. Born in Verbó (Slovakia), Sonnenfeld was orphaned at the age of four. As a child he studied both in a talmud torah and in a general school, but in his youth he decided to … Encyclopedia of Judaism