Agadez


Agadez

Infobox Settlement
official_name = Agadez
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image_caption = View of Agadez, from mosque's minaret


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map_caption = Location of Agadez


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subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_name = Niger
subdivision_type1 = Region
subdivision_name1 = Agadez Region
subdivision_type2 = Department
subdivision_name2 = Tchirozerine Department
subdivision_type3 = Commune
subdivision_name3 = Agadez
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established_title2 = Sultanate
established_date2 = 1449 CE
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population_as_of = 2005 census
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population_total = 88,569
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latd=16 |latm=58 |lats=0 |latNS=N
longd=7 |longm=59 |longs=0 |longEW=E
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elevation_m = 520
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Agadez (also Agades) is the largest city in northern Niger, with a population of 88,569 (2005 census). It lies in the Sahara and is the capital of Aïr, one of the traditional Tuareg federations.The city is also the capital of the Agadez Region, with a population of 347,330 (2005).

History

The city was founded before the fourteenth century and gradually became the most important Tuareg city, supplanting Assodé, by growing around trans-Saharan trade. The city still sees the arrival of caravans, bringing salt from Bilma.

In 1449, Agadez became a sultanate, while around 1500 it was conquered by the Songhai Empire. At this point, the city had a population of around 30,000 people and was a key passage for the medieval caravans trading between the West African cities of Kano and Timbuktu and the North African oases of Ghat, Ghadames, and Tripoli, on the Mediterranean shore. Decline set in after the Moroccan invasion, and the population sank to less than 10,000.

The city was taken by the French around 1900, who ruthlessly crushed a briefly successful rebellion under Kaocen Ag Mohammed in 1916. Later, Agadez became an important location in the Tuareg Rebellion of the 1990s.

Tourist center

Today, Agadez flourishes as a market town and as a centre for the transportation of the uranium mined in the surrounding area. Notable buildings in the city include the Agadez Grand Mosque, originally dating from 1515 but rebuilt in the same style in 1844, the Kaocen Palace (now a hotel) and the Agadez Sultan's Palace. The city is also known for its camel market and its silver and leatherwork.

Airport

Agadez international airport was named after Mano Dayak, the Tuareg leader who is native to the region.

2007 violence

"See: Second Tuareg Rebellion"
Due to the beginning of the Second Tuareg Rebellion, sporadic violence and a serious refugee crisis has gripped the Agadez area. All of northern Niger is currently (December 2007) on the United States State Department list of areas which are unsafe for travel by United States citizens. Tourist flights are also suspended to Agadez from European airlines for the 2007–2008 tourist season (September - March), and the area was placed under a Niger government "State of Exception" (limiting travel, gatherings, political activities, etc.) in October 2007. Roads to and from Agadez are reported to have been mined, and the Niger government has closed the area to international journalists and aid organizations. An unknown number (reported as several thousands) of refugees have converged on the city.

References


* French language Wikipedia:Agadez
* [http://www.saudiaramcoworld.com/issue/200301/agadez-sultanate.of.the.sahara.htm Louis Werner. Agadez, Sultanate of the Sahara] . Saudi Aaramco World, January/February 2003. Volume 54, Number 1.
* Samuel Decalo. Historical Dictionary of Niger. Scarecrow Press, London and New Jersey (1979). ISBN 0810812290
* Jolijn Geels. Niger. Bradt London and Globe Pequot New York (2006). ISBN 1841621528.
* [http://www.worldstatesmen.org/Niger_native.html#The Berber Sultanate of Aïr worldstatesmen.org] : Chronology of the Berber Sultanate of Aïr, based in Agadez.
* "Agadez" is also the song title of the 8th track on the new Mars Volta (2008) album entitled "The Bedlam in Goliath".

External links

*wikitravel
* [http://www.mysteriousafrica.com/entry/agadez-where-sahara-ends/ Agadez]
*en icon [http://www.ulivewhere.com/low/downloads/download-agadez.html Audio interview with Agadez resident about life in Agadez. Great place]
* http://www.agadez.org Site covering Northern Niger. Photo Gallery by Michel Batlle "portraits de femmes touarègues"
* [http://www.planeteafrique.com/Niger/index.asp?affiche=Villes/Carte.asp&rub=Villes-R%E9gions interactive Map] of the Agadez region.
* [http://www.agadez-niger.com/ http://www.agadez-niger.com/] Site covering Agadez and Touareg culture.


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Agadez — (anc. Agadès) v. du Niger dans le S. de l Aïr; 50 000 hab.; ch. l. du dép. du m. nom. Centre comm. et industrie artisanale. Centrale électrique, mines d étain et de sel. Aéroport international. Mosquée du XVIe s …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • AGADEZ — provincia Aethiopiae, Libyae proxima, cum urbe cognomine. Hîc magna mannae copia, et ingentes e mercibus extraneis reditus Principis, qui tributarius est Regis Tombutensis. Marmol. l. 9. c. 9 …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Agadez — Moschee von Agadez …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Agadez — 16° 58′ 00″ N 7° 59′ 00″ E / 16.966667, 7.983333 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Agadez — Ubicación de Agadez en Níger. Agadez (también llamada Agadés) es una ciudad situada en el desierto del Sahara, en el centro de Níger en la región denominada Azbine. Es la capital de Aïr y del departamento de Agadez. La ciudad tiene una población… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Agadez — ▪ Niger also spelled  Agades,    town, central Niger, at the southern edge of the Aïr massif. Agadez is a market town at a crossroads, 460 miles (740 km) northeast of Niamey, the national capital. Once the seat of a Tuareg sultanate (dating from… …   Universalium

  • Agadez — (City)    The mud walled city of Agadez lies in the far upper reach of the Republic of Niger, below the foothills of the Aïr Massif and west of the Tenere Sand Sea. It is the capital of Aïr, a historically major Tuareg town, and also the name of… …   Historical dictionary of the berbers (Imazighen)

  • Agadez — Original name in latin Agadez Name in other language Agades, Agadez, Agadz, a jia de zi State code NE Continent/City Africa/Niamey longitude 16.97333 latitude 7.99111 altitude 505 Population 124324 Date 2013 07 04 …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Agadèz — ► Departamento del O de Níger; 714 790 km2 y 203 959 h. Cap., la c. homónima (20 643). Rutas de caravanas …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Agadez (Region) — Agadez Basisdaten Staat Niger Hauptstadt …   Deutsch Wikipedia


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