- Darius II of Persia
Darius II ("Dārayavahuš"), originally called Ochus and often surnamed Nothus (from Greek νοθος, meaning 'bastard'), was king of the
Persian Empirefrom 423 BC to 404 BC. Artaxerxes I, who died shortly after December 24, 424 BC, was followed by his son Xerxes II. After a month and a half Xerxes II was murdered by his brother Secydianus or Sogdianus(the form of the name is uncertain). His illegitimate brother, Ochus, satrapof Hyrcania, rebelled against Sogdianus, and after a short fight killed him, and suppressed by treachery the attempt of his own brother Arsites to imitate his example. Ochus adopted the name Darius (in the chronicles he is called "Nothos", meaning "the bastard"). Neither Xerxes II nor Secydianus occurs in the dates of the numerous Babylonian tablets from Nippur; here the reign of Darius II follows immediately after that of Artaxerxes I.
Of Darius's reign historians know very little (a rebellion of the
Medesin 409 BC is mentioned by Xenophon), except that he was quite dependent on his wife Parysatis. In the excerpts from Ctesiassome haremintrigues are recorded, in which he played a disreputable part. As long as the power of Athensremained intact he did not meddle in Greek affairs; even the support which the Athenians in 413 BC gave to the rebel Amorges in Cariawould not have roused him, had not the Athenian power been broken in the same year before Syracuse. He gave orders to his satraps in Asia Minor, Tissaphernesand Pharnabazus, to send in the overdue tribute of the Greek towns, and to begin a war with Athens; for this purpose they entered into an alliance with Sparta. In 408 BC he sent his son Cyrus to Asia Minor, to carry on the war with greater energy. In 404 BC Darius II died after a reign of nineteen years, and was followed by Artaxerxes II.
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Darius I of Persia — Infobox Emperor name = Darius I of Persia title = Great King (Shah) of Persia, Pharaoh of Egypt caption =Darius I of Persia religion =Zoroastrianism reign = 522 BC to 486 BC coronation = predecessor = Smerdis (Bardiya) successor = Xerxes I heir … Wikipedia
Darius III of Persia — Infobox Emperor name = Darius III title = caption = detail of Darius III from Alexander Mosaic reign = coronation = predecessor = successor = heir = consort = issue = royal house = Achaemenid Dynasty royal anthem = father = mother = date of birth … Wikipedia
List of revenues of Darius I of Persia — A List of Revenues of the Darius I, Great King of Persia, is reported by Greek Historian Herodotus c 480 BC. This serves to show the greatness of Darius and the Persian empire, show who was paying tribute to the empire and how much they were… … Wikipedia
Darius III — Shah (King) of Persia Detail of Darius III from Alexander Mosaic Reign 336–330 BC … Wikipedia
Darius the Great — Darius I Khshayathiya Khshayathiyanam , King of Kings Outline tracing of the figure representing Darius in the Behistun Inscription Reign Sep 522 BCE to … Wikipedia
Darius II — redirects here. See also Darius II (arcade game). Darius II (Dārayavahuš), was king of the Persian Empire from 423 BC to 405 BC. Artaxerxes I, who died on December 25, 424 BC, was followed by his son Xerxes II. After a month and a half Xerxes… … Wikipedia
Darius — The holder or supporter, the name of several Persian kings. (1.) Darius the Mede (Dan. 11:1), the son of Ahasuerus, of the seed of the Medes (9:1). On the death of Belshazzar the Chaldean he received the kingdom of Babylon as viceroy from… … Easton's Bible Dictionary
Persia — • The history, religion, and civilization of Persia are offshoots from those of Media. Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Persia Persia … Catholic encyclopedia
PERSIA — (Heb. פָּרָס, Paras), empire whose home coincided roughly with that of the province of Fars in modern Iran. Its inhabitants, calling themselves Persians, are first mentioned in Assyrian records of approximately 640 B.C.E. According to these… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
Darius the Great's Suez Inscriptions — were texts written in Old Persian, Elamite, Babylonian and Egyptian on five monuments erected in Wadi Tumilat, commemorating the opening of a canal between the Nile and The Bitter Lakes. The best preserved of these monuments was a stele of… … Wikipedia