Demographics of Côte d'Ivoire

Demographics of Côte d'Ivoire
Demographics of Côte d'Ivoire, Data of FAO, year 2005 ; Number of inhabitants in thousands.
Ethnic groups

This article is about the demographic features of the population of Côte d'Ivoire, including population density, ethnicity, education level, health of the populace, economic status, religious affiliations and other aspects of the population.


Ivoirian diaspora

The table below shows the number of people born in Côte d'Ivoire who have migrated to OECD countries only (the table only includes communities consisting of at least 1,000 members).[1]

Country Côte d'Ivoire-born population See also
France France 457,231
United States United States 7,595
Italy Italy 7,242
United Kingdom United Kingdom 2,794 Ivoirians in the United Kingdom
Canada Canada 1,865
Belgium Belgium 1,363
Switzerland Switzerland 1,100

CIA World Factbook demographic statistics

The following demographic statistics are from the CIA World Factbook, unless otherwise indicated.


21,058,798 (2010 est.)
Note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality and death rates, lower population and growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2010 est.)

Age Structure

0-14 years: 40.6% (male 4,215,912/female 4,146,077)
15-64 years: 56.6% (male 5,942,642/female 5,720,108)
65 years and over: 2.9% (male 296,074/female 296,255) (2010 est.)

Median age

Total: 19.6 years
Male: 19.7 years
Female: 19.5 years (2011 est.)

Birth rate

31.48 births/1,000 population (2010 est.)

Death rate

10.43 deaths/1,000 population (2010 est.)

Sex ratio

At birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
Under 15 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.99 male(s)/female
Total population: 1.03 male(s)/female (2011 est.)

Infant mortality rate

Total: 89.11 deaths/1,000 live births
Male: 105.73 deaths/1,00
live births
Female: 71.99 deaths/1,000 live births (2006 est.)

Life expectancy at birth

Total population: 56.19 years
Male: 55.27 years
Female: 57.13 years (2010 est.)

Total fertility rate

4.01 children born/woman (2010 est.)


Adult prevalence rate: 7.2% (2005 est.)
People living with HIV/AIDS: 750,000 (2005 est.)
Deaths: 65,000 (2005 est.)

Major infectious diseases

Degree of risk: high
Food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
Vectorborne diseases: malaria, yellow fever, and others are high risks in some locations
Water contact: schistosomiasis (2005)


Noun: Ivoirian(s)
Adjective: Ivoirian

Ethnic groups

Akan 42.1%, Voltaiques or Gur 17.6%, Northern Mandes 16.5%, Krous 11%, Southern Mandes 10%, other 2.8% (includes 30,000 Lebanese and 45,000 French) (2004)
Côte d'Ivoire has more than 60 ethnic groups, usually classified into five principal divisions: Akan (east and center, including Lagoon peoples of the southeast), Krou (southwest), Southern Mandé (west), Northern Mandé (northwest), Sénoufo/Lobi (north center and northeast). The Baoulés, in the Akan division, probably comprise the largest single subgroup with 15%-20% of the population. They are based in the central region around Bouaké and Yamoussoukro. The Bétés in the Krou division, the Sénoufos in the north, and the Malinkés in the northwest and the cities are the next largest groups, with 10%-15% of the national population. Most of the principal divisions have a significant presence in neighboring countries.
Of the more than 5 million non-Ivorian Africans living in Côte d'Ivoire, one-third to one-half are from Burkina Faso; the rest are from Ghana, Guinea, Mali, Nigeria, Benin, Sénégal, Liberia, and Mauritania. The non-African expatriate community includes roughly 50,000 French (this number may be inaccurate due to the evacuation of roughly 8,000 Frenchmen in November 2004) and possibly 30,000 Lebanese. The number of elementary school-aged children attending classes increased from 22% in 1960 to 67% in 1995.


Muslim 35-40%, indigenous 25-40%, Christian 20-30% (2001)
note: the majority of foreigners (migratory workers) are Muslim (70%) and Christian (20%)[2]


French (official), 60 indigenous languages, of which the Dioula dialect of Bambara is the most widely spoken. Other languages include: the Gur languages, the Senufo languages, the Kru languages (including the Bété languages, Dida, Nyabwa, , and Western Krahn), and the Kwa languages from which Baoulé and Anyin are notably used.


Definition: age 15 and over can read and write
Total population: 50.9%
Male: 57.9%
Female: 43.6% (2003 est.)


 This article incorporates public domain material from the CIA World Factbook document "2006 edition".

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