List of West Africa hurricanes

This list of West Africa hurricanes includes tropical cyclones which originated in the Atlantic and directly or indirectly affected the west coast of Africa and/or its surrounding islands. Atlantic hurricanes seldom directly affect Western Africa, the Cape Verde Islands, or the Canary Islands, since westerly winds carry the storms away form land and most Atlantic storms that move off the African coast tend to be weak.

List of tropical cyclones

This is a list of tropical cyclones that have either made direct landfall in Western Africa and its surrounding islands or have come close to making landfall.

Pre 1950

* August 30, 1853: a major hurricane bypasses the Cape Verde Islands as a tropical storm. [cite web|author=Weather Underground|year=2007|title=Weather Underground 1853 Archive|accessdate=2007-10-09|url=http://www.wunderground.com/hurricane/at18533.asp]
* August 13, 1873: The Nova Scotia Hurricane of 1873 formed close to the Cape Verde Islands a tropical storm. [cite web|author=Weather Underground|year=2007|title=Weather Underground 1873 Archive|accessdate=2007-10-09|url=http://www.wunderground.com/hurricane/at18732.asp]
* September 12, 1889: A tropical storm forms close to the Cape Verde Islands before moving northeastward. [cite web|author=Weather Underground|year=2007|title=Weather Underground 1889 Archive|accessdate=2007-01-11|url=http://www.wunderground.com/hurricane/at188907.asp]

* August 17, 1891: A tropical storm forms close to the Cape Verde Islands before moving northeastward and becoming a category 1 hurricane. [cite web|author=Weather Underground|year=2007|title=Weather Underground 1891 Archive|accessdate=2007-01-11|url=http://www.wunderground.com/hurricane/at189102.asp]

* September 13, 1892: A tropical storm formed on September 12 and moved westward where it passed though the Cape Verde Islands as a Category 1 hurricane before entering the open Atlantic Ocean as a Category 2 storm. There was no reports of damage or fatalities from the hurricane. [cite web|author=Weather Underground|year=2007|title=Weather Underground 1892 Archive|accessdate=2007-01-11|url=http://www.wunderground.com/hurricane/at189205.asp]

* August 16, 1893: Before becoming a major hurricane during the active 1893 Atlantic hurricane season, the 1893 Sea Islands Hurricane formed on August 15 northeast of the Cape Verde Islands as a weak tropical storm. The following day, the storm passed through the islands still a weak tropical storm before continuing westward across the Atlantic before eventually becoming a hurricane on August 19 and a major hurricane on August 26. Despite passing though the Cape Verde's as a tropical storm, there were no reports of damage or fatalities. [cite web|author=Weather Underground|year=2007|title=Weather Underground 1893 Archive|accessdate=2007-01-11|url=http://www.wunderground.com/hurricane/at189306.asp]

* August 31, 1897: A tropical storm formed extremely close to the Cape Verde Islands on August 31. The storm moved westward where it reached hurricane status before recurving northeastward out over the open Atlantic Ocean as a Category 2 hurricane. [cite web|author=Weather Underground|year=2007|title=Weather Underground 1897 Archive|accessdate=2007-01-11|url=http://www.wunderground.com/hurricane/at189701.asp]

* September 10, 1900: A tropical storm formed on September 8, 1900 at 10°N-18.5°W and moved northwestward. The storm rapidly gained strength as it reached hurricane on September 9. The hurricane continued moving northwestward as it bypassed the Cape Verde Islands to the west at Category 1 strength. The storm later reached Category 2 status after passing the islands. Despite its close proximity to the islands, its unclear if any watches or warnings were issued nor did any reports of damage of fatalities were reported from the storm. [cite web|author=Weather Underground|year=2007|title=Weather Underground 1900 Archive|accessdate=2007-01-11|url=http://www.wunderground.com/hurricane/at190003.asp]

* August 29, 1901: A tropical depression formed on August 29 and moved westward where it became a tropical storm. The storm brushed the Cape Verde's before continuing on westward and becoming a hurricane. The storm caused no damage on the islands. [cite web|author=Weather Underground|year=2007|title=Weather Underground 1901 Archive|accessdate=2007-01-11|url=http://www.wunderground.com/hurricane/at190106.asp]

* August 25, 1906: A tropical storm brushes the Cape Verde Islands as 40 mph (64 km/h) tropical storm causing no damage. Days later, the storm strengthened into a Category 4 hurricane. [cite web|author=Weather Underground|year=2007|title=Weather Underground 1906 Archive|accessdate=2007-01-11|url=http://www.wunderground.com/hurricane/at190604.asp]

* August 26, 1913: A tropical depression formed on August 26 southeast of the Cape Verde Islands and became a tropical storm on August 27 while passing south of the islands. Its effects on the Cape Verde Islands from the storm is unknown. [cite web|author=Weather Underground|year=2007|title=Weather Underground 1913 Archive|accessdate=2007-01-11|url=http://www.wunderground.com/hurricane/at191303.asp]

* September 2, 1927 : A weak tropical storm passes though the Cape Verde Islands before becoming a category 2 hurricane. There was no recorded damage after the storms passing through the islands. [cite web|author=Weather Underground|year=2007|title=Weather Underground 1927 Archive|accessdate=2007-01-11|url=http://www.wunderground.com/hurricane/at192702.asp]

* September 6, 1928: The 1928 Lake Okeechobee Hurricane passes though the Cape Verde Islands as a weak tropical storm. [cite web|author=Weather Underground|year=2007|title=Weather Underground 1928 Archive|accessdate=2007-01-11|url=http://www.wunderground.com/hurricane/at192804.asp]

* September 10, 1938: Before becoming a hurricane, the 1938 New England Hurricane passed through the Cape Verdes as a 40 mph (64 km/h) tropical storm. [cite web|author=Weather Underground|year=2007|title=Weather Underground 1938 Archive|accessdate=2007-01-11|url=http://www.wunderground.com/hurricane/at193804.asp]

* September 5, 1947: The Fort Lauderdale Hurricane brushed the Cape Verde Islands as a Category 1 hurricane at 0000 UTC. There were no reports of damage or injuries from the hurricane. [cite web|author=Weather Underground|year=2007|title=Weather Underground 1947 Archive|accessdate=2007-01-10|url=http://www.wunderground.com/hurricane/at194704.asp]

* September 5, 1948: A mid season hurricane brushed the Cape Verde Islands as a Category 1 storm. There were no reports of damage or injuries from that storm. [cite web|author=Weather Underground|year=2006|title=Weather Underground 1948 Archive|accessdate=2006-08-15|url=http://www.wunderground.com/hurricane/at194806.asp]

1950-1979

* September 2, 1951: Hurricane Fox passed well south of the Cape Verde Islands as a tropical depression. [cite web|author=Weather Underground|year=2006|title=Weather Underground 1951 Archive|accessdate=2006-08-02|url=http://www.wunderground.com/hurricane/at195106.asp]

* August 19, 1952: Hurricane Able struck the islands as a tropical depression. [cite web|author=Weather Underground|year=2006|title=Weather Underground 1952 Archive|accessdate=2006-08-02|url=http://www.wunderground.com/hurricane/at195202.asp]

* August 28, 1953: Hurricane Carol passed though the Cape Verde Islands as a tropical depression. [cite web|author=Weather Underground|year=2006|title=Weather Underground 1953 Archive|accessdate=2006-08-02|url=http://www.wunderground.com/hurricane/at195304.asp]

* September 3, 1957: While transitioning to a tropical storm, Hurricane Carrie passed south of the Cape Verde Islands causing no damage. [cite web|author=Weather Underground|year=2006|title=Weather Underground 1957 Archive|accessdate=2006-08-02|url=http://www.wunderground.com/hurricane/at195704.asp]

* August 8, 1958: Tropical Storm Becky passed through the Cape Verde Islands as a tropical depression. There were no reports of damage. [cite web|author=Weather Underground|year=2006|title=Weather Underground 1958 Archive|accessdate=2006-08-02|url=http://www.wunderground.com/hurricane/at195802.asp]

* September 6, 1961: Hurricane Debbie rapidly reached hurricane strength west of the Cape Verde Islands. [cite web|author=Weather Underground|year=2006|title=Weather Underground 1961 Archive|accessdate=2006-08-02|url=http://www.wunderground.com/hurricane/at196104.asp]

* August 27, 1962: Tropical Storm Becky bypassed the Cape Verde Islands as a tropical depression. [cite web|author=Weather Underground|year=2006|title=Weather Underground 1962 Archive|accessdate=2006-08-02|url=http://www.wunderground.com/hurricane/at196202.asp]

* September 5, 1964: Tropical Storm Florence brushed the Cape Verde Islands while at tropical depression strength. The storm caused no known damage. [cite web|author=Weather Underground|year=2006|title=Weather Underground 1964 Archive|accessdate=2006-08-02|url=http://www.wunderground.com/hurricane/at196408.asp]

* September 16, 1965: Hurricane Carol passed south of the Cape Verde Islands as a tropical depression. [cite web|author=Weather Underground|year=2006|title=Weather Underground 1965 Archive|accessdate=2006-08-02|url=http://www.wunderground.com/hurricane/at196504.asp]

* August 21, 1966: Hurricane Faith passed south of the Cape Verde Islands as a tropical depression. [cite web|author=Weather Underground|year=2006|title=Weather Underground 1966 Archive|accessdate=2006-08-02|url=http://www.wunderground.com/hurricane/at196606.asp]

* September 5, 1967: Hurricane Chloe passed through the Cape Verde Islands as a tropical depression. [cite web|author=Weather Underground|year=2006|title=Weather Underground 1967 Archive|accessdate=2006-07-21|url=http://www.wunderground.com/hurricane/at196703.asp]

* October 5, 1967: Tropical Storm Ginger formed east of the Cape Verde Islands on October 5. The storm reached a peak intensity of 50 mph before dissipating two days later. Ginger's formation was the furthest east on record for an Atlantic tropical cyclone. [cite web|author=Weather Underground|year=2006|title=Weather Underground 1967 Archive|accessdate=2006-07-24|url=http://www.wunderground.com/hurricane/at196707.asp] [cite web|author=Arnold L. Sugg and Joseph M. Pelmisser|year=1968|title=Hurricane Season of 1967|publisher="NOAA"|accessdate=2006-07-24|url=http://www.aoml.noaa.gov/general/lib/lib1/nhclib/mwreviews/1967.pdf]

* September 12, 1968: Tropical Storm Edna brushed the Cape Verde Islands as a tropical depression. [cite web|author=Weather Underground|year=2006|title=Weather Underground 1968 Archive|accessdate=2006-07-21|url=http://www.wunderground.com/hurricane/at196805.asp]

* August 25, 1973: Tropical Storm Christine formed over western Africa at 10°N-15°W as a tropical depression. [cite web|author=Hurricane.com|year=2007|title=Tropical Storm Christine (1973) best track data|accessdate=2007-05-08|url=http://www.hurricane.com/hurricane-season/hurricane-CHRISTINE-1973-983.php]

* September 15, 1973: Hurricane Ellen brushed the Cape Verde Islands as a 45 mph (72 km/h) tropical storm. [cite web|author=Weather Underground|year=2006|title=Weather Underground 1973 Archive|accessdate=2006-07-21|url=http://www.wunderground.com/hurricane/at197306.asp]

* September 4, 1979: Hurricane Gloria brushed the northern Cape Verde Islands as a tropical depression. [cite web|author=Weather Underground|year=2006|title=Weather Underground 1979 Archive|accessdate=2006-07-20|url=http://www.wunderground.com/hurricane/at197907.asp]

1980-1999

* September 4, 1980: Hurricane Earl brushed the northern Cape Verde Islands hours before reaching tropical storm strength. [cite web|author=Weather Underground|year=2006|title=Weather Underground 1980 Archive|accessdate=2006-07-21|url=http://www.wunderground.com/hurricane/at198005.asp]

* September 7, 1980: Hurricane Frances passed south of the Cape Verde Islands as a tropical storm. [cite web|author=Weather Underground|year=2006|title=Weather Underground 1980 Archive|accessdate=2006-07-20|url=http://www.wunderground.com/hurricane/at198006.asp]

* August 29, 1982: Tropical Storm Beryl of 1982 passed south of the Cape Verde Islands, killing 115 people. [cite web|author=Gilbert C. Clark|year=1983|title=Atlantic Hurricane Season of 1982|publisher=NOAA|accessdate=2006-07-17|url=http://www.aoml.noaa.gov/general/lib/lib1/nhclib/mwreviews/1982.pdf] cite web|author=National Hurricane Center|year=2005|title=The Deadliest Atlantic Tropical Cyclones, 1492-1996|publisher=NOAA|accessdate=2006-07-17|url=http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/pastdeadlyapp1.shtml?]

* September 16, 1984: Tropical Storm Fran bypassed the Cape Verde Islands to the south before becoming a tropical storm. [cite web|author=Weather Underground|year=2006|title=Weather Underground 1984 Archive|accessdate=2006-07-17|url=http://www.wunderground.com/hurricane/at198407.asp] The storm killed 31 people, mainly from landslides and flooding.

* August 18, 1987: Tropical Storm Bret bypassed the Cape Verde Islands to the south before reaching tropical storm strength on the same day. [cite web|author=Weather Underground|year=2006|title=Weather Underground 1987 Archive|accessdate=2006-07-17|url=http://www.wunderground.com/hurricane/at198703.asp] There were no reports of damage.

* September 8, 1988: Tropical Storm Thirteen formed extremely close to western Africa on September 6 where it moved slightly northwestward and dissipated. It was not named because of its extreme location at the time, and it was originally thought to be a tropical depression. However, post storm analysis revealed that the system had maintained tropical storm strength for at least 48 hours. The storm produced heavy rain but caused no reported damage.

* September 18, 1989: Before reaching hurricane status, Hurricane Erin passed though the Cape Verde Islands as a tropical depression, causing no damage. [cite web|author=Weather Underground|year=2006|title=Weather Underground 1989 Archive|accessdate=2006-07-17|url=http://www.wunderground.com/hurricane/at198905.asp]

* September 21, 1998: Hurricane Jeanne of 1998 passed south of the Cape Verde Islands as a Category 1 hurricane. [cite web|author=Weather Underground|year=2006|title=Weather Underground 1998 Archive|accessdate=2006-07-17|url=http://www.wunderground.com/hurricane/at199810.] Because of Jeanne's rapid formation, forecasters predicted that the storm will bring tropical storm conditions to the Cape Verde Islands. However, the storms center stayed off shore and there were no reports of damage. [cite web|author=Mayfield|year=1998|title=Tropical Storm Jeanne Advisory #2|publisher=NOAA|accessdate=2006-07-17|url=http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/archive/pub/PAL1098.002]

* August 19, 1999: Hurricane Cindy passed close to the Cape Verde Islands as a tropical depression. There were no reports of damage. [cite web|author=Weather Underground|title=Weather Underground 1999 Archive|accessdate=2006-07-17|url=http://www.wunderground.com/hurricane/at199903.asp]

2000-present

* August 4, 2000: The tropical wave that later became Hurricane Alberto dropped 1 inch (25 mm) of rain across Dakar, Senegal and produced winds of 40 mph off the West African coastline. [cite web|author=Gary Paddget|year=2000|title=Monthly Global Tropical Summary for June|publisher=Australian Severe Weather|accessdate=2007-11-27|url=http://www.australiansevereweather.com/cyclones/2001/summ0008.htm]

* September 9, 2003: Tropical Depression Fourteen brushed the Cape Verde Islands after reaching peak intensity of 35 mph (56 km/h). [cite web|author=Weather Underground|year=2006|title=Weather Underground 2003 Archive|accessdate=2006-07-17|url=http://www.wunderground.com/hurricane/at2003.asp] The depression produced heavy rainfall and gusty winds to the islands. [cite web|author=Alvia|year=2003|title=Tropical Depression Fourteen Discussion #8|publisher=NOAA|accessdate=2007-11-26|url=http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/archive/2003/dis/al142003.discus.008.shtml?]

* November 11, 2005: Tropical Storm Delta, after meandering eastward in the Atlantic for several days, struck the Canary Islands shortly after becoming extratropical, and 70 mph (110 km/h) winds with 90 mph (152 km/h) gusts caused over $360 million dollars (2005 USD) in damage and seven deaths. [cite web|author=Staff Writer|year=2005|title=Delta force in the Canaries|publisher="Tenerife News"|accessdate=2006-07-17|url=http://www.tenerifenews.com/cms/front_content.php?client=1&lang=1&idcat=47&idart=2983] [cite web|author=Staff Writer|year=2005|title=Delta: Aftermath and Impact|publisher="Tenerife News"|accessdate=2006-07-17|url=http://www.tenerifenews.com/cms/front_content.php?client=1&lang=1&idcat=47&idart=3091] The remnants of Delta then struck Morocco, where no damage was reported.

* August 21, 2006: Tropical Storm Debby passed south of the Cape Verde Islands as a tropical depression. A tropical storm warning was issued for the Cape Verde Islands, but was discontinued when Debby turned further westward and away from the islands.

Tropical cyclone watches and warnings

The Cape Verde Islands has only one tropical cyclone monitoring station in Sal. [cite web|author=National Hurricane Center|year=2007|title=NHC database|publisher=NOAA|accessdate=2007-09-26|url=http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/stations/08594.shtml] In Western Africa, there are three tropical cyclone monitoring stations in Dakar, Senegal [cite web|author=National Hurricane Center|year=2007|title=61641 Dakar, Senegal|publisher=NOAA|accessdate=2007-09-26|url=http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/stations/61641.shtml] , Bamako, Mali [cite web|author=National Hurricane Center|year=2007|title=61291 Bamako, Mali|publisher=NOAA|accessdate=2007-09-26|url=http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/stations/61291.shtml] and Niamey, Niger [cite web|author=National Hurricane Center|year=2007|title=61052 Niamey, Niger|publisher=NOAA|accessdate=2007-09-26|url=http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/stations/61052.shtml]

Climatological statistics

At least 46 tropical cyclones have affect Western Africa and its surrounding islands since records began in 1851. The majority of the storms affect West Africa and Cape Verde islands during the months of August and September which are the active months of a typical Atlantic hurricane season. [cite web|author=Chris Landsea|year=2007|title=FAQ Subject: A2) What is a "Cape Verde" hurricanes?|publisher=NOAA|accessdate=2007-12-14|url=http://www.aoml.noaa.gov/hrd/tcfaq/A2.html]

DateFormat=yyyyImageSize= width:350 height:auto barincrement:35Period = from:0 till:30TimeAxis = orientation:horizontalPlotArea = right:10 left:5 bottom:50 top:5

Colors= id:cat5red value:rgb(1,0.2,0.2) id:minorline value:rgb(0.9,0.9,0.9) id:line value:rgb(0.5,0.5,0.5)

PlotData= width:15 textcolor:black shift:(5,-5) anchor:from fontsize:M bar:Jan from:0 till:0 color:cat5red text:"January" bar:Feb from:0 till:0 color:cat5red text:"February" bar:Mar from:0 till:0 color:cat5red text:"March" bar:Apr from:0 till:0 color:cat5red text:"April" bar:May from:0 till:0 color:cat5red text:"May" bar:Jun from:0 till:0 color:cat5red text:"June" bar:Jul from:0 till:0 color:cat5red text:"July" bar:Aug from:0 till:19 color:cat5red text:"August" bar:Sep from:0 till:25 color:cat5red text:"September" bar:Oct from:0 till:1 color:cat5red text:"October" bar:Nov from:0 till:1 color:cat5red text:"November" bar:Dec from:0 till:0 color:cat5red text:"December"

ScaleMajor = gridcolor:line unit:year increment:15 start:0ScaleMinor = gridcolor:minorline unit:year increment:1 start:0

TextData = fontsize:M textcolor:black pos:(100,25) # tabs:(100-left) text:"Number of storms affecting West Africa"


Deadliest storms

The following is a list of Atlantic tropical storms that caused fatalites in West Africa and its surrounding islands.

ee also

*tropical cyclone
*list of Atlantic hurricanes
*list of notable tropical cyclones

References


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • List of storms in the 2003 Atlantic hurricane season — The 2003 Atlantic hurricane season officially began June 1, 2003 and officially ended on November 30, 2003.cite web|author=Jack Beven|year=2003|title=June 1 Tropical Weather Outlook|publisher=National Hurricane Center|accessdate=2007 12… …   Wikipedia

  • List of storms in the 2007 Atlantic hurricane season — The 2007 Atlantic hurricane season was an event in the annual cycle of tropical cyclone formation. It officially started June 1, 2007, and ended November 30, 2007, dates that conventionally delimit the period when most tropical cyclones form in… …   Wikipedia

  • List of storms in the 2006 Atlantic hurricane season — The list of storms in the 2006 Atlantic hurricane season is a complete list of all tropical cyclones of the 2006 Atlantic hurricane season in the Atlantic Ocean basin. The season started on June 1, 2006, and officially ended on November 30, 2006 …   Wikipedia

  • List of people from Michigan — A list of notable people from the U.S. state of Michigan. Bolding indicates places in Michigan. People from Michigan are sometimes referred to as Michiganders, Michiganians, or more rarely as Michiganites. Actors, entertainers and… …   Wikipedia

  • List of storms in the 2008 Atlantic hurricane season — The 2008 Atlantic hurricane season is an ongoing event in the annual cycle of tropical cyclone formation. The season officially started on June 1 and will run through November 30. These dates conventionally delimit the period of each year when… …   Wikipedia

  • List of storms in the 2005 Atlantic hurricane season — The 2005 Atlantic hurricane season officially began June 1, 2005 and officially ended on November 30, 2005. These dates conventionally delimit the period of each year when most tropical cyclones form in the Atlantic basin, although effectively… …   Wikipedia

  • List of Nike sponsorships — This is a list of all of Nike s sponsorships. Their first prominent endorser was American running legend Steve Prefontaine. [1] Contents 1 American football 1.1 Teams 1.2 Players …   Wikipedia

  • List of storms in the 2001 Atlantic hurricane season — The 2001 Atlantic hurricane season officially began on June 1, 2001, and lasted until November 30, 2001. These dates conventionally delimit the period of each year when most tropical cyclones form in the Atlantic basin. This was the second year… …   Wikipedia

  • List of extinct birds — This page refers only to birds that have gone extinct since the year 1500 A.D./C.E. and usually were subject to scientific study while alive.Since 1500, over 190 species of birds have become extinct, and this rate of extinction seems to be… …   Wikipedia

  • List of Arizona-SW birds (Yuma County, Arizona) — This is a List of birds of South West Arizona, and needs moderate verification by local bird enthusiasts. The list is being made in conjunction with: List of birds, Yuma, Arizona (low deserts, river, elevations). The following markings are… …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.