Passion Sunday

Passion Sunday ("Dominica de Passione") is the name that was given to the fifth Sunday of Lent in pre-1960 General Roman Calendar. In 1960 Pope John XXIII changed the official name to "First Sunday in Passiontide" ("Dominica I in Passione") to fit with the name that his predecessor Pope Pius XII had given to Palm Sunday, calling it the "Second Sunday in Passiontide or Palm Sunday" ("Dominica II in Passione seu in palmis"). In 1969 Pope Paul VI removed the distinction between Passiontide and the general season of Lent, giving Palm Sunday the official full name of "Palm Sunday of the Passion of the Lord" ("Dominica in Palmis de Passione Domini") and making what had been the First Sunday in Passiontide simply the Fifth Sunday in Lent. Some Anglicans and a minority of traditionalist Catholics continue to observe pre-1960 calendars, which use the older terminology, when the entire week beginning with the fifth Sunday of Lent was often called "Passion Week" prior to the calendar reform, which officially transferred that term to the following week; yet, as in the case of Palm Sunday, most Roman Catholic and Protestant laity alike continue to refer to the last week before Easter by its original name: Holy Week; indeed, this is the term employed in the Sacramentary and Lectionary of the Catholic Church.

When the term "Passion Sunday" is applied to the fifth Sunday of Lent, it marks the start of a two-week sub-season often referred to as "Passiontide" (and the formal name for it in the Roman Catholic calendar was actually the First Sunday of the Passion, in Latin "Tempus Passionis").

Those who use the Tridentine Mass refer to it also as Judica Sunday (or, in the spelling of the 1962 Missal, Iudica Sunday) after that day's Introit: "Iudica me, Deus" ("Judge me, O Lord") from Psalm 42 (43), the psalm that, in that form of the Roman Rite is normally recited at the start of each Mass, but that from this Sunday to Holy Thursday inclusive is omitted in ferial Masses.

Passion Sunday was called Black Sunday in Germany, because of the practice of veiling the crucifixes and statues in the church before Mass on that day, which was done locally in black, although violet veils are more common. This practice is not obligatory but my be observed if the episcopal conference decides; crosses remain covered until the end of the Good Friday celebration of the Lord's Passion, images remain covered until the beginning of the Easter Vigil. [See note in the Roman Missal at the end of the Mass of Saturday of the Fourth Week of Lent.]

In those Anglican churches which chose to follow the Sarum Rite, crimson vestments and hangings are pressed into service on this day - replacing the "Lenten array" (unbleached muslin cloth) - and vestments remained crimson through Holy Saturday. Since Passion Sunday has no longer widely been used to mean the fifth Sunday of Lent, crimson has more often been worn during the last week before Easter only.


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Passion Sunday — • The fifth Sunday of Lent Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Passion Sunday     Passion Sunday     † …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Passion Sunday — Passion Pas sion, n. [F., fr. L. passio, fr. pati, passus, to suffer. See {Patient}.] 1. A suffering or enduring of imposed or inflicted pain; any suffering or distress (as, a cardiac passion); specifically, the suffering of Christ between the… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Passion Sunday — n. 1. former name for the fifth Sunday in Lent, two weeks before Easter Sunday: now also called First Sunday of the Passion 2. name for PALM SUNDAY …   English World dictionary

  • Passion Sunday — Sunday Sun day, n. [AS. sunnand[ae]g; sunne, gen. sunnan, the sun + d[ae]g day; akin to D. zondag, G. sonntag; so called because this day was anciently dedicated to the sun, or to its worship. See {Sun}, and {Day}.] The first day of the week,… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Passion Sunday — Passion Sun|day in the Christian church, the Sunday two weeks before Easter …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • Passion Sunday — noun The fifth Sunday in Lent, the second Sunday before Easter, the first day in Passiontide. Syn: Care Sunday, Carle Sunday, Carling Sunday, Judica Sunday …   Wiktionary

  • PASSION SUNDAY —    the fifth Sunday in Lent, which is succeeded by what is called the Passion Week …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Passion Sunday —    The Fifth Sunday in Lent is so called because on this day our Lord began to make open prediction of His sufferings, and in her round of worship the Church begins the solemn commemoration of His Passion and Death. (See LENT, SUNDAYS IN.) …   American Church Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • Passion Sunday — /pæʃən ˈsʌndeɪ/ (say pashuhn sunday) noun the fifth Sunday in Lent, being the second before Easter …   Australian English dictionary

  • Passion Sunday — noun Date: 14th century the fifth Sunday in Lent …   New Collegiate Dictionary

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