It is worth noting that the air industry's insurers base their calculations on the "number of deaths per journey" statistic while the industry itself generally uses the "number of deaths per kilometre" statistic in press releases. [ [http://space.newscientist.com/article/mg16321985.200-flight-into-danger.html Flight into danger - 07 August 1999 - New Scientist Space ] ]
The majority of aircraft accidents are a result of human error on the part of the pilot(s) or controller(s). After human error, mechanical failure is the biggest cause of air accidents, which sometimes also can involve a human component; e.g., negligence of the airline in carrying out proper maintenance. Adverse weather is the third largest cause of accidents. Icing,
downbursts, and low visibility are often major contributors to weather related crashes. Birds have been ranked as a major cause for large rotor bursts on commercial turboprop engines, spurring extra safety measures to keep birds away. Technological advances such as ice detectors also help pilots ensure the safety of their aircraft.
Aircraft flight mechanics
List of altitude records reached by different aircraft types
* In 1903 when the Wright brothers used the word "aeroplane" it meant wing, not the whole aircraft. See text of their patent. [http://www.google.com/patents?vid=USPAT821393&id=h5NWAAAAEBAJ&dq=821,393|U.S. U.S. Patent 821,393] — Wright brothers' patent for "Flying Machine"
* Blatner, David. "The Flying Book : Everything You've Ever Wondered About Flying On Airplanes". ISBN 0-8027-7691-4
* [http://www.airliners.net/info/ Airliners.net]
* [http://www.aerospaceweb.org/ Aerospaceweb.org]
* [http://travel.howstuffworks.com/airplane.htm How Airplanes Work - Howstuffworks.com]
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fixed-wing aircraft — noun An aircraft in which the wings are attached to the fuselage, as opposed to eg a helicopter with rotating ‘wings or propellers • • • Main Entry: ↑fix * * * fixed wing aircraft «FIHKST WIHNG», an aircraft with wings attached to the fuselage,… … Useful english dictionary
fixed-wing aircraft — aeroplane aer *o*plane aeroplane a [ e]r*o*plane , n. [a[ e]ro + plane.] (A[ e]ronautics) 1. A light rigid plane used in a[ e]rial navigation to oppose sudden upward or downward movement in the air, as in gliding machines; specif., such a plane… … The Collaborative International Dictionary of English
fixed-wing aircraft — An airplane or glider whose wing is rigidly attached to the structure, or is otherwise adjustable. The term is used to refer to monoplanes, biplanes, triplanes, and, in fact, all conventional aircraft that are neither balloons, airships,… … Aviation dictionary
fixed-wing aircraft — /fɪkst ˌwɪŋ ˈɛəkraft/ (say fikst .wing airkrahft) noun any aircraft which gains lift by means of fixed aerofoils … Australian English dictionary
fixed-wing — ☆ fixed wing [fikst′wiŋ΄ ] adj. designating an aircraft having its wings fastened to the fuselage, as distinguished from a helicopter … English World dictionary
fixed-wing — /fikst wing /, adj. of or pertaining to aircraft that derive lift from the motion of air over aerodynamically designed surfaces that are rigidly and permanently attached to the fuselage. * * * adj. [attrib.] denoting aircraft of the conventional… … Useful english dictionary
fixed-wing — adj. Fixed wing is used with these nouns: ↑aircraft … Collocations dictionary
fixed-wing — /fikst wing /, adj. of or pertaining to aircraft that derive lift from the motion of air over aerodynamically designed surfaces that are rigidly and permanently attached to the fuselage. * * * … Universalium
fixed-wing — adjective denoting aircraft of the conventional type as opposed to those with rotating wings, such as helicopters … English new terms dictionary
Westland Widgeon (fixed wing) — For the 1950s helicopter , see Westland Widgeon (helicopter) The Westland Widgeon was a British light aircraft of the 1920s. A single engined parasol monoplane, the Widgeon was built in small numbers before Westland abandoned production in… … Wikipedia