Camarophyllus

Camarophyllus
Camarophyllus virgineus
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Fungi
Division: Basidiomycota
Class: Agaricomycetes
Order: Agaricales
Family: Hygrophoraceae
Genus: Camarophyllus
(Fr.) P.Kumm. (1871)
Synonyms[1]

Agaricus trF. Limacium Fr. (1819)
Limacium (Fr.) P.Kumm. (1871)
Neohygrophorus Singer (1951)
Neohygrophorus Singer ex Singer (1962)
Hygrophorus subgen. Pseudohygrophorus A.H.Sm. & Hesler

Camarophyllus is a genus of mushrooms in the Hygrophoraceae. Members of Camarophyllus are distinguished from other members of the Hygrophoraceae by their white to pale orange to violaceous coloration and fully decurrent gills of their fruit bodies and by their interwoven lamellar trama.

Contents

Taxonomy and nomenclature

Elias Magnus Fries recognized it as Hygrophorus tribus Camarophyllus in 1838 and Kummer (1871) raised it to generic status. (Hesler and Smith, 1963)

This genus is recognized by some modern authorities and not by others. Hesler and Smith (1963) and Largent (1985) consigned it to sectional rank, Hygrophorus section Camarophyllus, though Largent (1988) later recognized its generic status. Boertmann (1996) treats these species as part of Hygrocybe. Bon (1984) referred to this group as Cuphophyllus, however, this name is regarded as a synonym of Camarophyllus, with the latter name taking priority. Molecular phylogenetics supports the genus as an autonomous monophyletic group.[2]

Species

  • C. apricosus
  • C. aurantiopallens
  • C. canus
  • C. delicatus
  • C. griseorufescens
  • C. impurus
  • C. muritaiensis
  • C. panamensis[3]
  • C. patinaecolor
  • C. rodwayi

References

  1. ^ "Camarophyllus (Fr.) P. Kumm. 1871". MycoBank. International Mycological Association. http://www.mycobank.org/MycoTaxo.aspx?Link=T&Rec=17228. Retrieved 2010-12-31. 
  2. ^ Matheny PB, Curtis JM, Hofstetter V, Aime MC, Moncalvo JM, Ge ZW, Slot JC, Ammirati JF, Baroni TJ, Bougher NL, Hughes KW, Lodge DJ, Kerrigan RW, Seidl MT, Aanen DK, DeNitis M, Daniele GM, Desjardin DE, Kropp BR, Norvell LL, Parker A, Vellinga EC, Vilgalys R, Hibbett DS. (2006). "Major clades of Agaricales: a multilocus phylogenetic overview" (PDF). Mycologia 98 (6): 982–95. doi:10.3852/mycologia.98.6.982. PMID 17486974. http://www.clarku.edu/faculty/dhibbett/Reprints%20PDFs/Mathenyetal_Agaricales_2006.pdf. 
  3. ^ Lodge DJ, Ovrebo CL. (2008). "First records of Hygrophoraceae from Panama including a new species of Camarophyllus and a new veiled species in Hygrocybe section Firmae" (PDF). Fungal Diversity 32: 69–80. http://nrs.fs.fed.us/pubs/jrnl/2008/nrs_2008_lodge_002.pdf. 

Further reading

  • Boertmann D. (1996). The genus Hygrocybe (Fungi of Northern Europe 1). Copenhagen: Danish Mycological Society. ISBN 87-983581-1-1
  • Bon M. (1984). Le genre Cuphophyllus (Donk) st. n. (= Camarophyllus ss. Singer, Kuhner, Clémençon, Moser, etc. non Fr.). Documents Mycologiques 14(56):9–12.
  • Hesler LR, Smith AH. (1963). North American species of Hygrophorus. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press. ISBN 0901439674
  • Kummer P. (1871). Der Führer in die Pilzkunde.
  • Largent DL. (1985). The Agaricales of California 5: Hygrophoraceae. Eureka, CA: Mad River Press. ISBN 0-916422-54-2
  • Largent DL. (1988). How to identify mushrooms to genus VI: Modern genera. Eureka, CA: Mad River Press. ISBN 0-916422-76-3

External links


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