3 Presidio


Presidio

A Presidio was a fortified base established by the Spanish in North Africa during the 16th century to protect against pirates, or a base held by Spain in the 16th and 17th centuries in Italy, mostly on the Tuscan coast (Piombino, Orbetello, Talamone, Porto Ercole & Porto Stefano, plus Porto Longone on Elba). They would also protect from attacks of the Native Americans. Presidios were located in the southern United States as well:

* The Presidio Santa Maria de Galve, founded in 1696, was near Fort Barrancas at Naval Air Station Pensacola in Florida
* The Presidio of Goliad, founded in 1721, near Lavaca Bay in Texas.
* The Presidio of Monterey, a military facility, founded in 1770 and currently housing the Defense Language Institute, in Monterey, California
* The Presidio of San Diego, founded in 1769 in San Diego, California

* The Presidio of San Francisco, a former military facility, founded in 1776 and now part of the Golden Gate National Recreation Area in San Francisco, California
* The Presidio of Santa Barbara, a former military facility, founded in 1782 in Santa Barbara, California
* The Presidio of Sonoma, or "Sonoma Barracks", established in 1836 by Mariano Guadalupe Vallejo (the "Commandante-General of the Northern Frontier of Alta California") in Sonoma, California as a part of Mexico's strategy to halt Russian incursions into the region.
* The Presidio San Ignacio de Tubac was founded in June of 1752 in Tubac, Arizona
* The Presidio San Augustín de Tucson was founded in 1775 in Tucson, Arizona
* The Presidio Santa Cruz de Terrenate was founded in 1776 near Tombstone, Arizona

The word can also be used for the following:

* Presidio, Texas, a place in the State of Texas in the United States of America
* Presidio School of Management, an educational institution offering an MBA focused on sustainability
* "The Presidio" (film), a movie starring Sean Connery, Meg Ryan, and Mark Harmon, set around the Presidio of San Francisco.
* AMD Presidio Technology is a Trusted Computing platform developed by Advanced Micro Devices


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Presidio — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Para el establecimiento penitenciario, véase Prisión. Fue un instrumento de defensa y pacificación territorial, defendiendo en sus inicio las rutas y caminos, poblando de esta manera el norte de México. Este sistema… …   Wikipedia Español

  • presidio — /pre sidjo/ s.m. [dal lat. praesidium, propr. posto avanzato , der. di praesidēre ]. 1. (milit.) a. [truppe stanziate in un luogo al fine di esercitarvi un azione di controllo, di vigilanza, di difesa: i soldati, il comandante del p. ]… …   Enciclopedia Italiana

  • Presidio — Presidio, TX U.S. city in Texas Population (2000): 4167 Housing Units (2000): 1541 Land area (2000): 2.572024 sq. miles (6.661512 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 2.572024 sq. miles (6.661512 sq.… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Presidio, TX — U.S. city in Texas Population (2000): 4167 Housing Units (2000): 1541 Land area (2000): 2.572024 sq. miles (6.661512 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 2.572024 sq. miles (6.661512 sq. km) FIPS code …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Presidio — Pre*si di*o, n. [Sp.] A place of defense; a fortress; a garrison; a fortress; a garrison or guardhouse. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Presidio — Presidio, bei den Spaniern befestigte kleine Niederlassungen an der Gränze eines feindlichen Gebiets, waren früher in Amerika häufig u. zugleich Missionsstationen; insbesonders heißen P. auch die 4 festen Plätze Spaniens auf der marokkan. Küste:… …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • presidio — {{hw}}{{presidio}}{{/hw}}(o s ) s. m. 1 Complesso di truppe poste a guardia o a difesa di una località, di un opera fortificata, di un caposaldo, e luogo ove risiedono; SIN. Guarnigione | (est.) Attività di controllo, di sorveglianza. 2… …   Enciclopedia di italiano

  • presidio — ‘Establecimiento penitenciario’ y ‘pena consistente en la privación de libertad’. Esta voz española no debe usarse como variante hispanizada del latinismo presídium (→ presídium) …   Diccionario panhispánico de dudas

  • presidio — 1808, American English, from Spanish, fort, settlement, from L. præsidium, from præsidere to sit before, protect (see PRESIDE (Cf. preside)) …   Etymology dictionary

  • presídio — s. m. 1.  [Antigo] A força militar, a gente que guarnece uma praça de guerra; guarnição. 2. Essa praça de guerra. 3. Prisão militar; cadeia. 4. Pena de prisão que se deve expiar numa praça de guerra …   Dicionário da Língua Portuguesa

  • presidio — (Del lat. praesidĭum). 1. m. Establecimiento penitenciario en que, privados de libertad, cumplen sus condenas los penados por graves delitos. 2. Conjunto de presidiarios de un mismo lugar. 3. Pena consistente en la privación de libertad, señalada …   Diccionario de la lengua española

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