Rock of Dunamase


Rock of Dunamase
One feels mystical here
The entrance to the Rock of Dunamase
The Rock is tumbling into the valley below
View from the Rock of Dunamase, showing Holy Trinity church
View of the Rock of Dunamase from the access road

The Rock of Dunamase (Dún Masc, "the fort of Masc" in Irish Gaelic) is one of the most historic sites in Ireland. Its ruins date back many hundreds of years. The Rock stands 46 m tall in the heart of what is otherwise a flat plain, and was ideal as a defensive position with its view right up to the Slieve Bloom Mountains.

Excavations in the 1990s demonstrated that the Rock was first settled in the 9th century when a fort or dun was constructed on the site. In 845 the Vikings of Dublin attacked the site and the abbot of Terryglass was killed there.[1] There is no clear evidence of 10th–11th century occupation.

The castle was built in the second half of the 12th century. Who built it is not recorded, but Meyler FitzHenry is the most likely candidate. Strongbow is another possibility, as it was he who controlled Leinster as heir of Dermot McMurrough. With the marriage of Stongbow's daughter and heir, Isabel, the castle passed into the hands of the Marshal family. William Marshal, who later became Regent of England in the minority of Henry III, had five sons, all of whom succeeded him in turn and died without issue. So in 1247 the Marshal lands were divided among William's five daughters. Dunamase fell to Eve Marshal and then to her daughter, Maud, who was married to Roger Mortimer. The castle remained in Mortimer hands until 1330 when another Roger Mortimer was executed for treason. By the time the Mortimer family was rehabilitated the castle seems to have passed out of the area under Norman control. There is no evidence that the castle was taken over and used by the local Irish lords and it seems to have become a ruinous shell by 1350.

Nor is there evidence that the castle was reoccupied in the 17th century. It played no part in the Cromwellian wars, except that it was blown up at that time to prevent it being used. In the later 18th century Sir John Parnell started to build a banqueting hall within the ruins and this work incorporated medieval architectural details taken from other sites in the area. It is these features which have led some writers[who?] to believe that there was a later medieval rebuild and reoccupation of the castle.

Located in County Laois, the site is a short distance from the N80 road, between the towns of Portlaoise and Stradbally.

References

  • A summary of recent work at the Rock of Dunamase, Co. Laois, by Brian Hodkinson, in JR Kenyon and K O'Conor, The Medieval Castle in Ireland and Wales, Dublin 2003
  • The Sources for the History of Dunamase Castle, by B.J. Hodkinson,Laois Heritage Society Journal, No 1, 2003.

Notes

External links

Coordinates: 53°1′54″N 7°12′37″W / 53.03167°N 7.21028°W / 53.03167; -7.21028


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Rock of Dunamase — Blick von der Kirche auf den Rock of Dunamase Blick vom Rock of Dunamase ins Tal …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • County Laois — Contae Laoise Coat of arms Motto: I bp …   Wikipedia

  • IE-LS — Laois Karte Basisdaten Staat: Irland Verwaltungssitz: Portlaoise Provinz: Leinster irischer N …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Laois — Karte Basisdaten Staat: Irland Verwaltungssitz: Portlaoise Provinz: Leinster irischer N …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Condado de Laois — County Laois Condado de Laois Condado de Irlanda Bander …   Wikipedia Español

  • Лиишь — Laois Герб …   Википедия

  • Лейиш — Лиишь Laois Герб Статус Графство Входит в провинцию Ленстер Население (2002) 59 тыс. (24 е место) Плотность 34,2 чел./км² …   Википедия

  • Лейиш (графство) — Лиишь Laois Герб Статус Графство Входит в провинцию Ленстер Население (2002) 59 тыс. (24 е место) Плотность 34,2 чел./км² …   Википедия

  • Лиишь (графство) — Лиишь Laois Герб Статус Графство Входит в провинцию Ленстер Население (2002) 59 тыс. (24 е место) Плотность 34,2 чел./км² …   Википедия

  • Лэйиш — Лиишь Laois Герб Статус Графство Входит в провинцию Ленстер Население (2002) 59 тыс. (24 е место) Плотность 34,2 чел./км² …   Википедия


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.