Media in Ethiopia

The Media in Ethiopia consists of radio and television, which remain under the control of the Ethiopian government, as well as private newspapers and magazines. In comparison to the length of Ethiopia's over-2,000-year history as a sovereign nation, the media is a very recent phenomenon.

Ten radio broadcast stations, eight AM and two shortwave, are licensed to operate in Ethiopia. The major radio broadcasting stations include Radio Ethiopia, Radio Fana[1] (or "Torch") a private station, Radio Voice of One Free Ethiopia, and the Voice of the Revolution of Tigray. The single television broadcast network is Ethiopian Television, with 24 hours of broadcast and three regional stations, namely Addis TV, TV Oromiyaa (with two live studios), and Dire TV. In keeping with government policy, radio broadcasts occur in a variety of languages.[1]

Print media, because of high poverty levels, low literacy rates, and poor distribution outside of the capital, serve only a small portion of the population. The paucity of distribution is mirrored by a scarcity of diversity in the official press.[1] Since the end of the civil war private newspapers and magazines have started to appear, and this sector of the media market, despite heavy-handed regulation from the government of Prime Minister Meles Zenawi and the ups and downs of Ethiopia's economy, continues to grow. Despite increasing pressure from the current government at home, the much more affluent and cosmopolitan Ethiopian diaspora abroad has helped further the cause for a free press in Ethiopia, and has also catered to its many extranational communities with news services (both online and off) in both Amharic and English.

When the Ethiopian People's Revolutionary Democratic Front (EPRDF) came to power in 1991, one of their first acts was to give the Ethiopian media far more freedoms than it had previously experienced, ending the censorship that had prevailed for decades under both the Derg and the imperial regime. Despite this liberalization, the relationship between the EPRDF and the private press has been one of deep mistrust. Clampdowns on the private press occurred regularly in the 1990s, with the arrest of dozens of journalists who were accused of publishing false information, or violating other provisions of the 1992 press law. This law allowed government authorities to detain journalists without charge. According to Human Rights Watch, the high point of freedom for Ethiopian media was in period leading up to the 2005 elections. Following the controversial election, when there were many instances of violence both by protesters and the authorities, many journalists were arrested, alongside member of opposition parties, and afterwards tried for "outrages against the constitution" and other crimes, a number of them in absentia. Fines were also imposed on Ethiopian publishing houses.[2]

List of newspapers in Ethiopia

See also

References

  1. ^ a b Ethiopia country profile. Library of Congress Federal Research Division (April 2005). This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
  2. ^ "One Hundred Ways of Putting Pressure", p. 49. Human Rights Watch report, released 10 March 2010

External links

Press agencies and printed newspapers

Online news services


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Media of Ethiopia — Radio and television remain under the control of the Ethiopian government. Nine radio broadcast stations, eight AM and one shortwave, are licensed to operate. [http://lcweb2.loc.gov/frd/cs/profiles/Ethiopia.pdf Ethiopia country profile] . Library …   Wikipedia

  • Ethiopia–United States relations — Ethiopia United States relations are bilateral relations between Ethiopia and the United States. Ethiopia is a strategic partner of the United States in the Global War on Terrorism. U.S. development assistance to Ethiopia is focused on reducing… …   Wikipedia

  • Media of Niger — Media in Niger is a diverse collection of public and private entities, both print and broadcast, centered in the capitol of Niamey, but with vibrant regional centers. The media has historically been state funded, and focused on radio broadcast… …   Wikipedia

  • Media of the Democratic Republic of the Congo — Media in the Democratic Republic of the Congo are both nationally and internationally state owned and operated. Contents 1 Freedom of speech 2 Coupage 3 Telecommunications 4 Print …   Wikipedia

  • Media of Chad — Media in Chad is controlled by the government. Contents 1 Telecommunications 2 Radio and television 3 Print 4 Freedom of Speech …   Wikipedia

  • Media of Djibouti — Media in Djibouti is controlled by the government. Contents 1 Telecommunications 2 Television, radio and Internet 3 Print 4 Freedom of Speech …   Wikipedia

  • Media of the Central African Republic — Media of the Central Africa is controlled by the government. Contents 1 Telecommunications 2 Television and radio 3 Print 4 Freedom of Speech …   Wikipedia

  • Media of Cape Verde — is controlled by the government. Contents 1 Telecommunication 2 Television and radio 3 Print 4 Freedom of Speech …   Wikipedia

  • Media in Benin — is controlled by the government. Contents 1 Telephone 2 Television and Internet 3 Journalism 4 Freedom of Speech …   Wikipedia

  • Media of Burundi — Media in Burundi is controlled by the government. Contents 1 Telephone 2 Radio and Television 3 Internet 4 Print 5 …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.