Fornix of brain

Infobox Brain
Name = PAGENAME
Latin =
GraySubject = 189
GrayPage = 838


Caption = Diagram of the fornix. Right=anterior


Caption2 = Scheme of rhinencephalon.
IsPartOf =
Components =
Artery =
Vein =
BrainInfoType = hier
BrainInfoNumber = 250
MeshName = Fornix+(Brain)
MeshNumber = A08.186.211.577.265

The fornix (Latin, "vault" or "arch") is a C-shaped bundle of fibres (axons) in the brain, and carries signals from the hippocampus to the mammillary bodies and septal nuclei.

tructure

The fibres begin in the hippocampus on each side of the brain (where they are also known as the fimbria); the separate left and right side are each called the crus of the fornix. The bundles of fibres come together in the midline of the brain, forming the "body" of the fornix. The inferior edge of the septum pellucidum (a membrane that separates the two lateral ventricles) is attached to the upper face of the fornix body.

The body of the fornix travels anteriorly and divides again near the anterior commissure. The left and right parts reseparate, but there is also an anterior/posterior divergence.
* The posterior fibres (called the "postcommissural fornix") of each side continue through the hypothalamus to the mammillary bodies; then to the anterior nuclei of thalamus, which maps to cingulate cortex.
* The anterior fibers ("precommissural fornix") end at the septal nuclei and nucleus accumbens of each half of the brain.


=Additional

External links

* [http://www2.umdnj.edu/~neuro/studyaid/Practical2000/Q26.htm Photo at umdnj.edu]
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Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Fornix — For nix, n.; pl. {Fornices}. [L., an arch.] (Anat.) (a) An arch or fold; as, the fornix, or vault, of the cranium; the fornix, or reflection, of the conjuctiva. (b) Esp., two longitudinal bands of white nervous tissue beneath the lateral… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

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  • fornix — n.; pl. fornices an arched or vaultlike structure, especially the fornix cerebri, a triangular structure of white matter in the brain, situated between the hippocampus and hypothalamus. The fornix of the vagina is any of three vaulted spaces at… …   The new mediacal dictionary


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