- Autonomous regions of India
There are seven
autonomous regions of Indiato which central government has given varying degrees of autonomywithin state legislature. The establishment and functions these autonomous councils is based on the sixth schedule to the Constitution of India. [http://www.commonlii.org/in/legis/const/2004/33.html]
Khasi Hills Autonomous District Council
Khasi Hills Autonomous Councils continued to exercise jurisdiction over all the three districts namely, West Khasi Hills district,
East Khasi Hills districtand Ri Bhoi district.
Garo Hills Autonomous District Council
The Garo Hills Autonomous District seated at Tura covering all the East Garo Hills and West Garo Hills Districts.
Jaintia Hills Autonomous District Council
The Jaintia Hills Autonomous District seated at Jowai covering the Jaintia Hills.
Ladakh Autonomous Hill Development Councils
Ladakhcomprises two districts of Jammu and Kashmir: Leh and Kargil. They are each governed by a Ladakh Autonomous Hill Development Council, which are based on the pattern of the Darjeeling Gorkha Autonomous Hill Council. These were created in 1995, as a compromise solution to the demands of Ladakhi people to make Leh district a union territorybecause of its religious and cultural differences with Kashmir. The two councils are Ladakh Autonomous Hill Development Council - Leh and Ladakh Autonomous Hill Development Council - Kargil.
Karbi Anglong Autonomous Council (KAAC)
There is an Autonomous Council in the district constituted under the provision of the said schedule namely Karbi Anglong Autonomous Council (KAAC) and almost all the development departments are under the administrative control of the KAAC.
North Cachar Hills Autonomous District Council
The Costitution of India gave it the status of an autonomous district. The North Cachar Hills Autonomous District Council (N.C.H.A.C.) was constituted under the provisions of the sixth schedule to the Constitution of India to administer this autonomous district.
"Reservations" (tribal areas called autonomous district councils)
Bodoland Territorial Council
The Bodoland Territorial Council will have legislative, administrative, executive and financial powers over 40 policy areas in the Bodoland Territorial Areas District comprising four districts of Assam. It was established in 1995 following a peace agreement between the Government of India and Bodo rebels.
Tripura Tribal Areas Autonomous District Council
The Tripura Tribal Areas Autonomous District Council is an independent council administering the tribal areas of the state of
Tripura. Its council and assembly are situated in Khumulwng, a town 20 km outside Agartala, the state capital
Gorkha Hill Council
The Gorkha Hill Council (GHC) was formed in 1988 after large-scale unrest among the
Nepali Gorkha people and the Gorkha National Liberation Front(GNLF) over the establishment of the separate state of Gorkhaland. Following an armistice, the DGHC was created and given authority over Darjeeling with limited autonomy.
District Councils in Mizoram
There are three Autonomous District Councils in
Mizoramstate as well. They are Mara Autonomous District Councilfor Mara people, Chakma Autonomous District Councilfor Chakmaminority, and Lai Autonomous District Councilfor Lai people in Southeastern part of Mizoram.
North Sentinel Island, Andaman and Nicobar Islands
North Sentinel Islandis situated in the island chain of the Andaman and Nicobar Islandswhich is a union territoryof India. It is home to the Sentinelese, who are some of the world's last uncontacted peoples. They reject any contact with other people and are among the last people to remain virtually untouched by modern civilization. Because there has never been any treaty with the people of the island nor any record of a physical occupation whereby the people of the island have conceded sovereignty the island exists in a curious state of limbo under established international law and can be seen as a sovereign entity under Indian protection.
The local government (Andaman and Nicobar Islands) has recently stated that they have no intention to interfere with the Sentinelese's lifestyle or habitat. Although the island is likely to have suffered seriously from the effects of the December 2004 tsunami, the survival of the Sentinelese was confirmed when, some days after the event, an Indian government helicopter observed several of them, who fired arrows at the hovering aircraft to repel it.
Although this has not been done with any formal treaty, the official policy of minimal interference has ensured that they have full autonomy and sovereignty over their island under the framework of the Indian and local governments.
* [http://www.thewe.cc/contents/more/archive2005/january/jarwas_onges_shompens_sentinelese_great_andamanese.htm Administration in India's Andaman and Nicobar Islands has finally decided upon a policy of minimal interference]
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