Diss

Coordinates: 52°22′52″N 1°06′28″E / 52.3812°N 1.1079°E / 52.3812; 1.1079

Diss
Diss Inner Flag.svg
Town coat of arms
Diss is located in Norfolk
Diss

 Diss shown within Norfolk
Area  5.32 km2 (2.05 sq mi)
Population 6,742 (2001 census)
    - Density  1,267 /km2 (3,280 /sq mi)
OS grid reference TM1180
District South Norfolk
Shire county Norfolk
Region East
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town DISS
Postcode district IP22
Dialling code 01379
Police Norfolk
Fire Norfolk
Ambulance East of England
EU Parliament East of England
UK Parliament South Norfolk
List of places: UK • England • Norfolk

Diss is a town (population 6742[1]) in Norfolk, England close to the border with the neighbouring East Anglian county of Suffolk.

The town lies in the valley of the River Waveney, around a mere (lake) that covers 6 acres (2.4 ha; 0.0094 sq mi). The mere is up to 18 feet (5.5 m) deep, although there is another 51 feet (16 m) of mud, making it one of the deepest natural inland lakes in England.[citation needed] The town takes its name from dic an Anglo-Saxon word meaning either ditch or embankment.[2]

Diss has a large number of historic buildings, including the early 14th century parish church. It is also home to a museum. Diss railway station lies on the Great Eastern Main Line route from London to Norwich.

Contents

History

In the time of Edward the Confessor, Diss was then officially included in Suffolk, in the Hartismere hundred (a hundred was an administrative subdivision), as recorded in the Domesday book. It is recorded as being in the king's possession as demesne (direct ownership) of the Crown, there being at that time a church and a glebe of twenty-four acres. This was considered to be worth £15 per annum, which had doubled by the time of William the Conqueror, it being then estimated at £30 with the benefit of the whole hundred and half, belonging to it. It was then found to be a league long (around 3 miles (4.8 km) or nearly 5 kilometres), and half this distance broad, and paid 4d. (9.6 new pence) in Danegeld. From this it appears that it was still relatively small, but it grew shortly after when it subsumed Watlingsete Manor, a neighbouring area, which was as large as Diss, and seemingly fuller of inhabitants, according to the geld or tax that it paid. This was afterwards called Walcote, and includes part of Heywode, as appears from its joining to Burston, into which town this manor extended.[3]

The whole estate quickly fell into the hands of the Lordship of the FitzWalters (who were raised to Baron FitzWalters in 1295) and in 1299 the then Lord FitzWalter obtained a charter of confirmation for a fair every year at his manor of Diss, to be held around the feast of St. Simon and Jude (October 28), and several days after. A grant made in 1298, to William Partekyn of Prilleston (now Billingford) granted, for homage and half a mark of silver, two homesteads in Diss, with liberty of washing his wool and cloths in Diss Meer. This came on the express condition that the gross dye should be washed off first. It seems as if the church of Diss was built by the same Lord, as his arms were cut into the stone of the south porch of the church several times.[3]

Town scene in Diss.

A short while after the Battle of Agincourt in 1415, Edward Plantagenet Duke of York, and Earl of Rutland, came to hold Diss manor, hundred, and market, together with Hemenhale; and the title of Lord FitzWalter became attached to the estate. It was part of a much larger estate that included Hemenhale and Diss manors, with the hundred of Diss in Norfolk, the manors of Shimpling and Thorne in Suffolk, of Wodeham-Walter (now Woodham Walter), Henham, Leiden (now part of Leaden Roding), Vitring, Dunmow Parva (now Little Dunmow), Burnham (possibly equating to the modern village of Burnham-on-Crouch), Winbush, and Shering (now Sheering) in Essex. Shortly after, the estate fell into the hands of the Ratcliffe family, who inherited the title of Baron FitzWalter. The Ratcliffe family owned the land until at least 1732, styling themselves Viscounts FitzWalter.[3]

Opposite the 14th century parish church of St. Mary The Virgin stands a 16th century building known as the Dolphin House. This was one of the most important buildings in the town. Its impressive dressed-oak beams denote it to be a high-status building, possibly a wool merchant's house. Formerly a pub, the Dolphin, from the 1800s to the 1960s, the building now houses a number of small businesses.

Adjacent to Dolphin House is the town's marketplace, the geographical and social centre of the town. The market meets every Friday (except Good Friday and other holidays, when it is rescheduled to the preceding Thursday) and hosts a variety of local traders selling fresh fruits and vegetables, meat, fish and cheeses. The market was first granted charter by Richard the Lionheart. The town's post office and main shopping street (Mere Street) are also located by the marketplace.

Early in 1871, substantial alterations were made to a house in Mount Street, about 100 yards (91 m) north of the parish church. The workmen were removing the brick flooring of one of the ground-rooms and excavating the soil beneath, to insert the joists of a boarded floor, when they discovered a hoard of coins. Beneath the bricks, they came upon the original hard clay floor, and in the centre of the room, at about 18 inches (46 cm) from the surface, the remains of an earthen vessel were found, containing over three hundred coins. With the exception of two fine gold nobles, all of the coins were silver.[4]

In March 2006, Diss became the third town in the UK to join Cittaslow, an international organisation promoting the concept of 'Slow Towns'.[5]

Religion

Diss has at least 9 churches including Church of England (St. Mary the Virgin), Catholic, Methodist, Baptist and community churches.

Signpost in Diss

Sport and culture

The town is home to several sporting organisations, including Diss Town FC, who won the FA Vase at Wembley in 1994, Diss RFC (based in nearby Roydon) who won the London 2 North league in 2009 earning promotion to the National leagues, Diss & District Cycling Club and Diss & District Bowls Club and Diss ladies netball club.

Diss has produced a few national and international sports stars, including footballer Matthew Upson, who played in defence for England and Arsenal amongst others, and Great Britain judo team member Colin Oates.[6]

The local Rugby Union club in Roydon has recently enjoyed a great deal of success having been promoted twice in successive years. There is also an athletics club.

There are two local newspapers serving the town, the Diss Mercury, and the Diss Express which was founded in 1864. There is also a local magazine, Your Local Magazine.

Notable people

Famous people from Diss include John Skelton, a former poet laureate whose poem "Ware the Hawk" is set in St. Mary's Church. Others include Thomas Lord, founder of Lord's Cricket Ground and England footballer Matthew Upson.

In 2006, the South Norfolk Youth Symphonic Band, a Diss-based band made up of young musicians from the area, won the Queen's Award for Voluntary Service.

Ethel Le Neve born 1883 on Bryars Lane (off Victoria Road) was the mistress of Hawley Harvey Crippen - better known as Dr Crippen, who murdered his wife Cora Crippen in 1910.

References

  1. ^ Office for National Statistics & Norfolk County Council, 2001. Census population and household counts for unparished urban areas and all parishes.
  2. ^ Ekwall, E. (1940) The Concise Dictionary of English Place-names; 2nd ed. Oxford: Clarendon Press; pp. 137, 139
  3. ^ a b c Blomefield, Francis (c.1736, published c.1806). History of Norfolk. London. 
  4. ^ "Coin Hoard Article". Detecting.merseyblogs.co.uk. 2007-02-15. http://detecting.merseyblogs.co.uk/2007/02/coind_found_at.html. Retrieved 2009-11-30. 
  5. ^ Cittaslow, 2006. Diss becomes Cittaslow.
  6. ^ "BBC SPORT | Judo | GB name 14-strong team for Worlds". BBC News. 2009-08-07. http://news.bbc.co.uk/sport1/hi/judo/8189692.stm. Retrieved 2009-11-30. 

External links

  • Diss Town Council – official town council website
  • Norfolk: Diss GENUKI Norfolk transcript from History, Gazetteer, and Directory of Norfolk, William White, 1845

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  • Diss — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda En el género del hip hop, un diss , tambien conocido en Estados Unidos como diss song o diss track (traducido al español literal como canción de insatisfacción) es una canción creada con el único propósito de atacar… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Diss — steht für: Diss (Norfolk), eine Stadt in der Grafschaft Norfolk, Ostengland Diss (Pflanze) (Ampelodesmos mauritanicus) eine Beleidigung, siehe Dissen (Slang) Die Abkürzung DISS steht für: Duisburger Institut für Sprach und Sozialforschung e.V.… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Diss. — Diss. 〈Abk. für〉 Dissertation * * * Diss. = Dissertation. * * * Diss. = Dissertation …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Diss — Diss, altertümliche Stadt in der engl. Grafschaft Norfolk, am Waveney, mit der gotischen Marienkirche, betreibt Fabrikation von Bürsten und Matten und zählt (1901) 3739 Einw …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • DISS — Abreviatura de Diameter Index Safety System. Diccionario Mosby Medicina, Enfermería y Ciencias de la Salud, Ediciones Hancourt, S.A. 1999 …   Diccionario médico

  • diss. — diss. abbr. dissertation. * * * …   Universalium

  • diss — See dissentiente Collins dictionary of law. W. J. Stewart. 2001 …   Law dictionary

  • Diss. — Diss. 〈f.; Gen.: , Pl.: ; umg. Abk. für〉 Dissertation …   Lexikalische Deutsches Wörterbuch

  • diss — [dıs] v [T] informal to say unkind things about someone you know …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • Diss — die; : Kurzform von ↑Dissertation …   Das große Fremdwörterbuch

  • Diss. — Diss. = Dissertation …   Die deutsche Rechtschreibung


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