White woman of Gippsland
The white woman of Gippsland, or the captive woman of Gippsland, was supposedly a European woman rumoured to have been held against her will by Aboriginal
Kurnaipeople in the Gippslandregion of Australiain the 1840s. Her supposed plight excited searches and much speculation at the time, though nothing to put her existence beyond the level of rumour was ever found.
Accounts of her vary; in some she was an Anne MacPherson sailing to
Sydneyto join her fiance, Fraser, and her ship had sank off the Victorian coast. In other accounts she was on the ship "Britannia" wrecked on Ninety Mile Beach where male survivors were killed by Aborigines but she was spared.
One possible source of the rumours was that a group of white pioneers had come upon an Aboriginal camp near
Port Albertwhich had been hurriedly vacated. They found some female attire and a towel (being used to block the end of a canoe) and a heart shape drawn in the ground. Another account has the heart shape near Sale and carved into both the ground and a tree (and from which a farm called Heart Station was named).
In any case representations to the government by settlers resulted in various searches by police and
native police. One expedition left special handkerchiefs that she might come across, with a message in English and Gaelic (because it was thought she may be from the Scottish highlands) reading:
::"WHITE WOMAN! – There are fourteen armed men, partly White and partly Black, in search of you. Be cautious; and rush to them when you see them near you. Be particularly on the look out every dawn of morning, for it is then that the party are in hopes of rescuing you. The white settlement is towards the setting sun."
For some two years the Aboriginal people of the area were hunted for what they were imagined to have done. A boy called Thackewarren from the
Warrigulpeople was captured and taught English, and used as an interpreter to tell his people that the white woman must be found. The Commissioner of Crown Lands, Tyer, was delighted when they promised to return her, and on the arranged day preparations were made to receive her. To the utter astonishment of all present, the Aboriginal people arrived with a carved wooden bust of a woman, the figureheadfrom the ship "Britannia".
This figurehead could even have been the source of the rumours all along, in the possession of the Aboriginal people, becoming a real woman in the retelling. However, none of the white people took the figurehead as an answer to the mystery.
* Bill Wannan, "Australian Folklore", Lansdowne Press, 1970, reprint 1979 ISBN 0-7018-1309-1, entry for "Captive Woman of Gipsland", page 117.
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