Sudanese Communist Party

Sudanese Communist Party
Sudanese Communist Party
Leader Muhammad Ibrahim Nugud
Founded 1946
Headquarters Khartoum, Sudan
Ideology Communism,
International affiliation None
European affiliation None
Official colours Red
Politics of Sudan
Political parties

The Sudanese Communist Party (SCP) is a Communist political party in the Republic of Sudan. Founded in 1946, it was a major force in Sudanese politics (and one of the two most influential Communist parties in the Arab world, with the Iraqi Communist Party) until 1971, when military ruler Gaafar al-Nimeiry launched a wave of repression against the party after a failed coup implicated the involvement of some Communist officers. Abdel Khaliq Mahjub, Joseph Garang, Alshafi Ahmed Elshikh, Babkir Elnour, Hashim Elatta (the best-known party leaders), were executed.

As of 2006, the SCP is led by Muhammad Ibrahim Nugud and plays only a marginal role. Nugud however claims the party enjoys support from a wide section of Sudanese society, including "workers, farmers, students, women's groups, minority groups, in the Nuba Mountains, in the South and in Darfur."[1] Human rights activist Suleman Hamid El Haj is the assistant secretary and spokesman for the party.[2][3]

The SCP advocates a return to democratic rule and opposes the possible secession of Southern Sudan. The freer political climate has allowed the party to be more active since the signing of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement. Party leader Muhammad Ibrahim Nugud came out of two-decade hiding. Party members suffering during the decades of NIF rule had pleaded him to be more active but Nugud feared arrest. Nugud visited Juba, Southern Sudan on 28 November 2008 for the first time in two decades at the invitation of Southern communists. The trip was aimed at “bolstering the activities of the SCP in southern Sudan”.[4] He was received by SPLM Deputy Secretary General, Dr. Ann Itto.[5]

The SCP and South African Communist Party recently jointly launched the African Left Network meeting in order to facilitate greater corporation amongst African Communist parties.[6]


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