Disestablishmentarianism


Disestablishmentarianism

Disestablishmentarianism today relates to the Church of England in the United Kingdom and related views on its establishment as an established church.

It was primarily a movement in the United Kingdom in the 19th century, when all four Home nations had established churches, even though the established churches in Wales and Ireland could not count on even nominal adherence by a majority of the population of those countries.

In Ireland, the predominantly Catholic population campaigned against the position of the established Anglican Church of Ireland - eventually disestablished in 1869.

In England there was a campaign by Liberals, dissenters and nonconformists to disestablish the Church of England in the late 19th century. The campaigners were called "Liberationists" (the "Liberation Society" was founded by Edward Miall in 1853). This campaign failed, but nearly all of the legal disabilities of nonconformists were gradually dismantled. The campaign for disestablishment was revived in the 20th century when Parliament rejected the 1929 revision of the Book of Common Prayer, leading to calls for separation of Church and State to prevent political interference in matters of worship. In the late 20th century, reform of the House of Lords also brought into question the position of the Lords Spiritual.

The Church of England was disestablished in Wales in 1920, becoming the Church in Wales. It continues to be the established church in England.

The Church of Ireland was disestablished in 1869.

The Church of Scotland was disestablished in 1929 but remains the national church of Scotland.

The question of the succession to the British monarchy is also affected by the Act of Settlement 1701.

See also


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  • disestablishmentarianism — dis es*tab lish*men*ta ri*an*ism, n. The doctrine or political position that advocates abrogating the establishment of a church as the official state religion.. [PJC] Prior to the Puritans, very few earlier believers contended for any form of… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • disestablishmentarianism — See disestablishmentarian. * * * …   Universalium

  • disestablishmentarianism — noun The campaign to disestablish the Church of England …   Wiktionary

  • disestablishmentarianism — dis·establishmentarianism …   English syllables

  • disestablishmentarianism — “+ noun : adherence to or advocacy of the principle of disestablishment …   Useful english dictionary

  • disestablishmentarian — disestablishmentarianism, n. /dis i stab lish meuhn tair ee euhn/, n. 1. a person who favors the separation of church and state, esp. the withdrawal of special rights, status, and support granted an established church by a state; an advocate of… …   Universalium

  • List of belief systems — Below are words that designate a set or subset of beliefs. This includes dispositional beliefs.Many, but not all, of these words end with the suffix –ism . Words like magnetism , prism , and schism , are not included, because they do not… …   Wikipedia

  • antidisestablishmentarianism — an ti*dis es*tab lish*men*ta ri*an*ism ([a^]n*t[ e]*d[i^]s [e^]s*t[a^]b l[i^]sh*men*t[^a]r [ e]*[a^]n*[i^]z m), n. the doctrine or political position that opposes the withdrawal of state recognition of an established church; used especially… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Episcopal polity — is a form of church governance which is hierarchical in structure with the chief authority over a local Christian church resting in a bishop (Greek: episcopos ). This episcopal structure is found most often in the various churches of Orthodox,… …   Wikipedia

  • Establishment of religion — An establishment of religion is the phrase used by the framers of the U.S. Constitution to refer to any religion or religious organization. Judaism, the Catholic Church, and the Church of England are all establishments of religion. Unfortunately …   Wikipedia


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