- Lauris Edmond
Lauris Dorothy Edmond (
April 2, 1924- January 28, 2000) was a New Zealandpoet and writer. Born in Hawke's Bay, she survived the 1931 Napier earthquake as a child. Trained as a teacher, Edmond raised a family before publishing the poetry she had privately written throughout her life. Since her first book, "In Middle Air", written in 1975, she published many volumes of poetry, a novel, an autobiography ("Hot October", 1989) and several plays. Her "Selected Poems" (1984) won the Commonwealth Poetry Prize.
Edmond wrote poetry throughout her life but decided to publish her first collection of verse, "In Middle Air", only in 1975, at the age of 51.Lauris Edmond, "In Middle Air: Poems" (Christchurch, New Zealand, Pegasus Press, 1975).] The work was awarded the PEN Best First Book Award for 1975. She began her editorial activities in 1979, and in 1980 published a selection of poems by Chris Ward.Chris Ward, "A Remedial Persiflage", ed. Lauris Edmond; designed by Katherine Edmond [with cartoons by Harold Hill] (Wellington, New Zealand, PPTA Head Office, 1980).] In 1981 she edited the letters of A.R.D. Fairburn (1904–1957), a noted New Zealand poet of an earlier generation.A.R.D. Fairburn, "The Letters of A.R.D. Fairburn; selected and edited by Lauris Edmond" (Auckland, New Zealand, Oxford University Press, 1981).] It was a bold move on her part as the writer in question was not known for his progressive views,Fairburn is said, for example, to have referred to women poets as ‘the menstrual school of poetry’; see Peter Simpson, ‘The Fairburn Problem’, "New Zealand Listener", vol. 197, No. 3376 (January 22–28, 2005).] but the publication established her as an all‑round woman of letters. At the same time she received the Katherine Mansfield Memorial Fellowship, which enabled her to stay in the south of France for several months. Lauris Edmond’s first work of prose was "High Country Weather", a book billed as a novel though in fact an extended short‑story of a deeply biographical character, telling — however veiledly — the story of her own incompatible marriage to Trevor Edmond (1920–1990); it was published in 1984, at about the time of her real‑life marriage’s dissolution.Lauris Edmond, "High Country Weather: A Novel" (Sydney, N.S.W., Allen & Unwin; Wellington, New Zealand, Port Nicholson Press, 1984). See also Martin Edmond, "The Autobiography of My Father" (Auckland, New Zealand, Auckland University Press, 1992), which was written in response to the publication of Lauris Edmond’s three-volume autobiography in 1989–1992, and which was intended to cast the figure of Trevor Edmond in a light significantly different from that in which his exwife portrayed him.] The feminist awakening marked by that book was sustained in a collection of other women’s ‘stories’ published under her co‑editorship two years later."Women in Wartime: New Zealand Women Tell their Story; edited by Lauris Edmond, with Carolyn Milward" (Wellington, New Zealand, Government Printing Office Publishing, 1986).] As Janet Wilson wrote in the "Guardian", ‘She was friend to several generations of women, especially writers, who admired her as a pioneer for breaking with social convention and carving out a successful literary life at a time when this seemed risky’.Janet Wilson, ‘Lauris Edmond: She Found Poetry in Family Life and Motherhood’, "Guardian" (London), March 16, 2000.]
In 1985 Lauris Edmond won the Commonwealth Poetry Prize for her "Selected Poems";Lauris Edmond, "Selected Poems" (Auckland, New Zealand, Oxford University Press, 1984).] and the next year (1986) she was invested with the rank of Officer of the OBE for services to literature. Additionally, in 1987 she received the
Lilian Ida Smith Awardfrom PEN New Zealand; in 1988 New Zealand’s Massey Universityawarded her an honorary "D.Litt." degree; and in 1999 she received the A.W. Reed Award for Contribution to New Zealand Literature from Booksellers New Zealand, an industry association in Wellington, New Zealand. After her death a biennial poetry prize was established in her name at the initiative of the Canterbury Poets Collectiveand the New Zealand Poetry Society, the Lauris Edmond Memorial Award for Poetry, the first prize having been awarded (posthumously) at the Christchurch Arts Festivalto the late poet Bill Sewellin 2003.
Lauris Edmond was born at
Dannevirkein the North Island in 1924.
Her poetry, which continues to influence New Zealand writers,Cf. e.g. David Hill, ‘How Green it was’, "New Zealand Listener" (Arts & Books Section), vol. 197, No. 3382 (March 5–11, 2005). However,
Fleur Adcock, an expatriate New Zealand poetess resident in London, would seem, for one, to want to distance herself from Lauris Edmond’s legacy (the reasons for this are not altogether clear); cf. her interview in Christine Sheehy, ‘The Resurrected Muse’, "New Zealand Listener" (Arts & Books Section), vol. 204, No. 3451 (July 1–7, 2006).] was not all about daffodils; she could speak with a committed voice, as is evidenced in the poem "Nuclear Bomb Test, Mururoa Atoll," which begins:
:"I am water I am sand":"I am a cell in the trembling earth":"I am a shaken pebble on the hurt sea floor":"a young fish made ill by the predator poison":"coursing towards me across the ocean":"that was my friend..."Lauris Edmond, "A Matter of Timing" (Auckland, New Zealand, Auckland University Press, 1996).]
Although in life she stayed as far away as was possible from all forms of organized religion, in death her quotations do apparently find their way into various church settings in New Zealand, a proof — if one be needed — of their deep innate spirituality.Cf. Tim Watkin, ‘Repackaging Jesus’, "New Zealand Listener", vol. 196, No. 3372 (December 25–31, 2004).]
Lauris Edmond died unexpectedly at her home in
Wellington’s Oriental Bay on January 28, 2000, while preparing dinner for a visiting friend. She was 75, the mother of six children, five of them daughters, one of whom (Rachel, the fourth child) committed suicide in 1975 (the event is dealt with, poetically, in Edmond’s poem-sequence "Wellington Letter"Lauris Edmond, "Wellington Letter: A Sequence of Poems" (Wellington, New Zealand, Mallinson Rendel, 1980).] ). Her only son, Martin Edmond(b. 1952), is also a writer. "The Times" of London wrote in her obituary (February 9, 2000; p. 23) that she acquired ‘a sharp new consciousness of her nationality’ through her absence from New Zealand after a year as the Katherine Mansfield Memorial Fellow in Menton in the South of France, ending in 1982.
*"In Middle Air" (1975)
*"The Pear Tree: Poems" (1977)
*"Wellington Letter: A Sequence of Poems" (1980)
*"Seven: Poems" (1980)
*"Salt from the North" (1980)
*"Catching It: Poems" (1983)
*"Selected Poems" (1984)
*"High Country Weather" (1984)
*"Seasons and Creatures" (1986)
*"Summer near the Arctic Circle" (1988)
*"Hot October" (1989)
*"Bonfires in the Rain" (1991)
* Buck, Claire (ed.): "Bloomsbury Guide to Women's Literature" (1992).
* Ken Arvidson, ‘Lauris Edmond (1924–2000)’, "New Zealand Books" [a periodical Lauris Edmond co‑founded in 1990] , vol. 10, No. 1 (March 2000), p. 23.
* James Brown, ed., "The Nature of Things: Poems from the New Zealand Landscape... photographs by Craig Potton" (Nelson, New Zealand, Craig Potton Pub., 2005) [includes contributions by Lauris Edmond] .
* Kate Camp, ed., "Wellington: The City in Literature" (Auckland, New Zealand, Exisle Pub., 2003) [includes a contribution by Lauris Edmond] .
* Jill Ker Conway, ed. & intro., "In her own Words: Women’s Memoirs from Australia, New Zealand, Canada, and the United States" (New York, Vintage Books, 1999) [includes a contribution by Lauris Edmond] .
* Louise Lawrence, ed. & intro., "The Penguin Book of New Zealand Letters" (Auckland, New Zealand, Penguin Books, 2003) [includes a contribution by Lauris Edmond] .
* Michael O’Leary and Mark Pirie, eds., "Greatest Hits" (Wellington, New Zealand, JAAM Publishing Collective, in association with HeadworX/ESAW, 2004) [includes contributions by Lauris Edmond] .
* Nelson Wattie, ‘New Literatures’, "Year’s Work in English Studies" (Oxford, England), vol. 83, No. 1 (2004), pp. 922–1025 [suggests that the nearness of Lauris Edmond’s poetry to solipsism defeats its own claim to generosity of spirit] .
* [http://www.library.auckland.ac.nz/subjects/nzp/nzlit2/edmond.htm Library of the University of Auckland’s listing of materials by and about Lauris Edmond]
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