Barber-Scotia College


Barber-Scotia College

Infobox University
name = Barber-Scotia College
native_name =


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motto = "Lumen Veritas et Utilitas"
mottoeng = "Knowledge, Truth, and Science"
established = 1867
closed =
type =
affiliation = Presbyterian Church (USA)
endowment =
officer_in_charge =
chairman =
chancellor =
president = David Olah
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faculty =
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students =
undergrad =
postgrad =
doctoral =
other =
city = Concord
state = North Carolina
country = United States
coor =
campus =
former_names =
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free =
sports =
colors =
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nickname =
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website = [http://www.b-sc.edu/ b-sc.edu]

footnotes =

Barber-Scotia College is a historically black college located in Concord, North Carolina, United States. cite web|url=http://nces.ed.gov/pubs/96902.pdf|title=Data for Historically Black Colleges and Universities: 1976-1994|format=pdf|accessdate=2008-08-14|date= July 1996|publisher= National Center for Education Statistics] cite web|url=http://statelibrary.dcr.state.nc.us/nc/educated/hbcu.htm|title=Historically Black Colleges & Universities in North Carolina|accessdate= 2008-08-14|publisher=State Library of North Carolina] cite web|url=http://www.oup.org/grantee/orgDetail.asp?orgid=296&myHeadID=HBCU&yr=2001|title=Barber-Scotia College|accessdate= 2008-08-14|date=2001|publisher= Office of University Partnerships] cite web|url=http://foreverhbcu.com/schoolinfo.php?id=8|title=Barber-Scotia College Details
accessdate= 2008-08-14|publisher=Forever HBCU
]

History

cotia Seminary

Barber-Scotia began as a female seminary in 1867. Scotia Seminary was founded by the Reverend Luke Dorland and chartered in 1870. This was a project by the Presbyterian Church to prepare young African American southern women (the daughters of former slaves) for careers as social workers and teachers. It was the coordinate women's school for Biddle University (now Johnson C. Smith University). [cite web|url=http://cdl.library.cornell.edu/cgi-bin/moa/pageviewer?frames=1&coll=moa&view=50&root=%2Fmoa%2Famis%2Famis0033%2F&tif=00358.TIF|title= Part of a Tour Through the Carolinas|accessdate= 2008-08-13|publisher= Cornell University]

It was the first historically black female institution of higher education established after the American Civil War. "The Charlotte Observer", in an interview with, Janet Magaldi, president of Piedmont Preservation Foundation stated: "Scotia Seminary was one of the first black institutions built after the Civil War. For the first time, it gave black women an alternative to becoming domestic servants or field hands, Magaldi said."Citation|first=Leslie|last=Gross|title=FAITH HALL: A LANDMARK IN NEED OF FRIENDS|year =May 9, 1999| pages=3K|publisher="The Charlotte Observer"]

Scotia Seminary was modeled after Mount Holyoke Female Seminary (now Mount Holyoke College) and was referred to as "The Mount Holyoke of the South."cite web|url= http://books.google.com/books?id=WJ_XGdV15AYC&pg=PA180&dq=%22Scotia+Seminary%22+%22mount+holyoke%22&sig=ACfU3U0rpDH2r2h_0-OA9yv29wEy3xdReA|title=How Young Ladies Became Girls: The Victorian Origins of American Girlhood (p. 180)|accessdate= 2008-08-14|last=Hunter|first=Jane|date=2003|publisher=Yale University Press] cite web|url=http://www.aaregistry.com/african_american_history/1297/BarbaraScotia_Seminary_a_source_of_19th_century_learning|title=Scotia Seminary|accessdate= 2008-08-13|publisher=African American Registry] cite web|url=http://statelibrary.dcr.state.nc.us/iss/EraOfProgress/scotia.gif|title= Scotia Seminary, Concord N.C.|accessdate= 2008-08-13|date= 1908|publisher=State Library of North Carolina] cite web|url=http://books.google.com/books?id=-HfbnbhllmAC&pg=PA63&dq=%22Scotia+Seminary%22+%22mount+holyoke%22#PPA64,M1|title=Steiger's Educational Directory for 1878, p. 63|accessdate= 2008-08-12|last= Steiger|first= Ernst|date=1878] The seminary offered grammar, science, and domestic arts. In 1908 it had 19 teachers and 291 students. From its founding in 1867 to 1908 it had enrolled 2,900 students, with 604 having graduated from the grammar department and 109 from the normal department. Faith Hall, built in 1891, was the first dormitory at Scotia Seminary. It is listed in National Register of Historic Places and "is one of only four 19th-century institutional buildings left in Cabarrus County." It was closed by the college during the 1970s due to lack of funds for its maintenance.

1916-2004

It was renamed to Scotia Women's College in 1916. In 1930, the seminary was merged with another female institution, Barber Memorial College, which was founded in 1896 in Anniston, Alabama by Margaret M. Barber as a memorial to her husband.cite web|url=http://books.google.com/books?id=ZEkUAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA48&dq=%22Barber+Memorial+College%22+Anniston+Alabama|title=History of Alabama and Dictionary of Alabama Biography |accessdate= 2008-08-12|coauthors= Thomas McAdory Owen, Marie Bankhead Owen |date= 1921] cite web|url=http://books.google.com/books?id=XGxAAAAAIAAJ&q=%22Barber+Memorial+College%22+Anniston+Alabama&dq=%22Barber+Memorial+College%22+Anniston+Alabama&pgis=1|title= College Names, p. 173|accessdate= 2008-08-12|last= Keiser|first= Albert|date= 1952] This merger created Barber-Scotia Junior College for women. cite web|url=http://books.google.com/books?hl=en&lr=&id=wHVH4Si6qcAC&oi=fnd&pg=PA195&dq=%22barber+memorial+college%22&ots=dPNiYAgDFw&sig=sfgd33FaG-UWp-EKzMLAaPt9KmI#PPA208,M1|title= Two-Year Colleges for Women and Minorities|accessdate=2008-08-12|last=Townsend|first=Barbara|date= 1999]

The school granted its first bachelor's degree in 1945, and became a four-year women's college in 1946. In 1954, Barber-Scotia College became a coeducational institution and received accreditation from the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools. Today, the college maintains close ties to the Presbyterian Church.cite web|url=http://www.b-sc.edu/|title= Official website
accessdate= 2008-08-13|publisher=Barber Scotia College
]

Accreditation loss

On June 24, 2004, one week after appointing its new president, Dr. Gloria Bromell Tinubu, the college learned that it had lost its accreditation which meant that students became ineligible for federal aid (an estimated 90% of the school's students depended on federally funded aid) and that many employees would be laid off.cite web|url=http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m0DXK/is_14_21/ai_n6358318/print?tag=artBody;col1|title=In not so good company: another HBCU loses its accreditation, but with new leadership Barber-Scotia College is meeting its challenges head on|accessdate= 2008-08-14|date=August 26, 2004|publisher=Black Issues in Higher Education] cite web|url=http://www.pcusa.org/pcnews/2004/04331.htm|title= Barber-Scotia College loses accreditation|accessdate=2008-08-13|last=Silverstein|first=Evan|date=2004-07-24|publisher=Presbyterian News Service] It lost its accreditation due to what the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools said was a failure to comply with SACS Principles and Philosophy of Accreditation (Integrity), as the school "awarded degrees to nearly 30 students in the adult program who SACS determined hadn’t fulfilled the proper requirements [...] Former President Sammie Potts resigned in February" when it became public. Enrollment then dropped from 600 students in 2004 to 91 students in 2005 and on campus housing was closed down. cite web|url=http://www.pcusa.org/pcnews/2005/05614.htm|title=Barber-Scotia president resigns|accessdate=2008-08-13|last=Silverstein
first=Evan|date=2005-11-14|publisher=Presbyterian News Service
]

To prevent it from closing, President Gloria Bromell-Tinubu led a strategic planning effort to change the college from a four-year liberal arts program to a college of entrepreneurship and business, and established partnerships with accredited colleges and top-tiered universities. She would later leave the college when the new Board leadership decided to pursue religious studies instead. Former President and alumna Mable Parker McLean was hired as president on an interim basis. cite web|url=http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m0WMX/is_23_22/ai_n16003630/print?tag=artBody;col1|title= Down, but not out: Barber-Scotia is without accreditation, students and staff, but the college's president believes there are brighter days ahead|accessdate=2008-08-13|last=Walker|first=Marlon|date=2005-12-29|publisher=Diverse Issues in Higher Education] In February 2006 a committee of the General Assembly Council of the Presbyterian Church (USA) voted to continue the denomination's financial support for Barber-Scotia, noting that its physical facilities were "substantial and well-secured" and that the school was undertaking serious planning for the future.cite web|url=http://www.wfn.org/2006/02/msg00119.html|title=Committee backs continued support for beleaguered|accessdate= 2008-08-13|last=Walker|first=Marlon|date=2006-02-09|publisher=PCUSA NEWS] In May 2006, it was reported that Barber-Scotia would rent space on its campus to St. Augustine's College to use for an adult-education program: "Under the terms of the deal, St. Augustine's will pay Barber-Scotia for the space for its Gateway degree program starting this fall." cite web|url=http://www.newsobserver.com/102/v-print/story/434532.html|title=Barber-Scotia plans partnership|accessdate=2008-08-12|date=2006-05-01|publisher="The News & Observer"] McLean was replaced by President Carl M. Flamer (an alumnus of the college) who accepted the position without payment and the college re-opened with a limited number of students. cite web|url=http://www.pcusa.org/pcnews/2006/06360.htm|title= Barber-Scotia College plans to reopen this Fall|accessdate=2008-08-13|last=Silverstein|first=Evan|date=2006-07-17|publisher=Presbyterian News Service] During this time, the "previous attempts to revive the college [which] have centered on an entrepreneurial or business curriculum" were formally abandoned "in favor of focusing more on religious studies." Flamer also worked to eliminate debt and worked with alumni and the community to save the college. cite web|url=http://www.independenttribune.com/servlet/Satellite?pagename=CIT%2FMGArticle%2FCIT_BasicArticle&c=MGArticle&cid=1173352092006|title= Restoring relationships|accessdate=2008-08-13|last=Vick|first=Justin|date=2007-07-22|publisher="Independent Tribune - Concord and Kannapolis]

Barber-Scotia was scheduled to reopen as a "full college" in fall 2008 and planned to apply for accreditation in September.cite web|url=http://www.wsoctv.com/news/16980167/detail.html|title= Local College Applying For Accreditation Again|accessdate= 2008-08-13|last=WSOC-TV|date=2008-07-24|publisher= WSOC-TV] It is headed by president David Olah and his advisor Tony Baldwin.cite web
url=http://www.independenttribune.com/servlet/Satellite?pagename=CIT/MGArticle/CIT_BasicArticle&c=MGArticle&cid=1173355687401|title= Barber-Scotia chooses interim president|accessdate=2008-08-13|last=Vick|first=Justin|date=2008-06-14|publisher="Independent Tribune - Concord and Kannapolis
] cite web|url=http://www.wsoctv.com/news/16980167/detail.html|title= Local College Applying For Accreditation Again|accessdate=2008-08-13
date=2008-07-24|publisher= WSOC-TV
]

Notable alumni

One of Scotia Seminary's most notable alumnae was Mary McLeod Bethune, adviser to President Franklin D. Roosevelt.cite web|url=http://www.pbs.org/wnet/aaworld/reference/articles/mary_mcleod_bethune.html|title= African American World: Mary Mcleod Bethune|accessdate= 2008-08-13|publisher=PBS]

Notable faculty

The "New York Times" noted that the mother of novelist Chester Himes "taught at the elite Scotia Seminary in North Carolina before her marriage."cite web|url=http://www.nytimes.com/books/01/03/18/reviews/010318.18politot.html?_r=1&oref=slogin|title=Hard-Boiled: In his crime novels, Chester Himes found an outlet for the pain of his turbulent life|accessdate= 2008-08-13|last=Polito|first=Robert|date=2001-03-18|publisher="New York Times"]

Additional reading

*Cozart, Leland Stanford." A Venture of Faith: Barber-Scotia College, 1867-1967". Charlotte, NC: Heritage Printers, 1976.
*Gross, Leslie. "Faith Hall: A Landmark in Need of Friends." "The Charlotte Observer". May 9, 1999: 3K.
*Barber-Scotia College. National Register of Historic Places designation report. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of the Interior/National Park Service, 1985.
* African American Registry. " [http://www.aaregistry.com/detail.php?id=1297 History of Scotia Seminary] "
* [http://www.familytreeconnection.com/resources/ftc4092.html Scotia Seminary 1881-82 Catalogue]
* [http://books.google.com/books?id=XIra9bmwfOYC&pg=PA272&dq=%22Scotia+Seminary%22++North+Carolina Scotia Seminary: North Carolina and Its Resources (1896)]
*State Library of North Carolina. " [http://statelibrary.dcr.state.nc.us/iss/EraOfProgress/scotia.gifScotia Seminary, Concord N.C. (1908)] "
* [http://nces.ed.gov/pubs/96902.pdf Data for Historically Black Colleges and Universities: 1976-1994] - Government publication which includes enrollment statistics for Barber-Scotia College

External links

* [http://www.b-sc.edu www.b-sc.edu] Official web site

Photographs
* [http://dc.lib.unc.edu/cdm4/results.php?CISOOP1=exact&CISOFIELD1=subjea&CISOROOT=/nc_post&CISOBOX1=Barber-Scotia+College Postcard images of "Scotia Seminary"] - University of North Carolina
* [http://digitalgallery.nypl.org/nypldigital/dgkeysearchdetail.cfm?trg=1&strucID=211479&imageID=1248431&parent_id=209777&word=&snum=&s=&notword=&d=&c=&f=&sScope=&sLevel=&sLabel=&total=49&num=12&imgs=12&pNum=&pos=13 Photograph of Scotia Seminary, 1893]
* [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/freedmen/buds_of_promise.htm Buds of Promise] - 19th century graduates of Scotia Seminary
* [http://www.vintage-views.com/eshop/product.php?productid=54110&cat=513&page=2 Sarah Dudley Petty, Scotia Seminary - Class of 1883]
* [http://flickr.com/search/?q=Barber-Scotia%20College%2C%20Concord%2C%20NC&w=all Photographs of Barber-Scotia and Marker]

References


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