Career (United Kingdom) Name: Mimosa Owner: Robert Vining, William Killey, Liverpool; Daniel Green Builder: Alexander Hall and Sons, Aberdeen Cost: 5,916 pounds Launched: June 21, 1853  Fate: Hulked; lost at New Calabar. General characteristics Tons burthen: 447 tons NM, 540 tons OM Length: 139.9 ft Beam: 25.5 ft. Depth of hold: 15.6 ft. Sail plan: Ship rigged, 3 masts 
The Mimosa was a clipper ship best known for carrying the first Welsh emigrants to South America in 1865.
Voyage to Patagonia
By the time Mimosa made the voyage she was already past her prime, having been built in 1853 at Hall's shipyard in Aberdeen. She had not been designed to carry passengers, but had been converted for the purpose. The cost of fitting provisioning and chartering the ship was £2,500 and the passengers paid £12 per adult or £6 per child for the journey.  Before the voyage the emigrants assembled at various points, not always their places of origin, to prepare for the journey, including Aberdare, Birkenhead and Mountain Ash.
Mimosa sailed from Liverpool, England on May 28, 1865 to Patagonia, South America with a group of about 153 passengers with Captain George Pepperell and a crew of 18. Thomas Greene, an Irishman from Kildare, had been appointed as ship's surgeon. They landed on July 28, 1865 and named their landing site Porth Madryn. They were met by Edwyn Cynrig Roberts and Lewis Jones who had already arrived in Patagonia in June 1865 to prepare for the arrival of the main body of settlers. Their aim was to establish a Welsh colony which would preserve the Welsh language and culture. The proposed site for the colony was in the Chubut River valley. On September 15, 1865 the first town in the Chubut colony was named Rawson, and the settlers went on to build the settlements at Gaiman and Trelew.
Welsh emigrants aboard Mimosa
The exact number of emigrants who sailed out to Patagonia on the Mimosa remains uncertain. Although one of the original settlers, Richard Jones (Berwyn), maintained a register of births, marriages and deaths for many years, most of these original records were lost in the great flood in the Chubut Valley in 1899. In 1875 the Argentine government granted the Welsh settlers ownership of the land which encouraged hundreds of others from Wales to join the colony.
In the early 21st century, approximately 50,000 Patagonians are of Welsh descent, of whom around 5,000 are Welsh speakers. The Welsh-Argentine colony, which became known as Y Wladfa, remains centered around Gaiman, Trelew and Trevelin.
The 1865 Settlers
Name Assembly Point Given Age Note Austin, Thomas Mountain Ash 17 Austin, William Mountain Ash 18 Davies, Evan Aberdare 25 Davies, Ann Aberdare 24 wife of Evan Davies Davies, Margaret Ann Aberdare 1 daughter of Evan & Ann Davies Davies, James (Iago Dafydd) Brynmawr 18 Davies, John (Ioan Dafydd) Mountain Ash 18 Davies, Lewis Aberystwyth 24 Davies, Rachel Aberystwyth 28 wife of Lewis Davies Davies, Thomas G. Aberystwyth 3 son of Rachel and Lewis Davies Davies, Robert Llandrillo 40 Davies, Catherine Llandrillo 38 wife of Robert Davies Davies, William Llandrillo 8 son of Robert & Catherine Davies Davies, Henry Llandrillo 7 son of Robert & Catherine Davies Davies, John Llandrillo 1 son of Robert & Catherine Davies, died on board Davies, John E. Mountain Ash 30 Davies, Selia Mountain Ash 26 wife of John E. Davies Davies, John Mountain Ash infant son of John E. & Selia Davies Davies, Thomas Aberdare 40 Davies, Eleanor Aberdare 38 (second) wife of Thomas Davies Davies, David Aberdare 18 son of Thomas Davies (1st marriage) Davies, Hannah Aberdare 16 daughter of Thomas Davies (1st marriage) Davies, Elizabeth Aberdare 11 daughter of Thomas Davies (1st marriage) Davies, Ann Aberdare 7 daughter of Thomas Davies (1st marriage) Davies, William Liverpool, England 36 Ellis, John Liverpool, England 38 Ellis, Thomas Liverpool, England 36 Ellis, Richard Llanfechain, Llanfyllin 27 Ellis, Frances Llanfechain, Llanfyllin 27 Evans, Daniel Mountain Ash 27 Evans, Mary Mountain Ash 23 wife of Daniel Evans Evans, Elizabeth Mountain Ash 5 daughter of Daniel & Mary Evans Evans, John Daniel Mountain Ash 3 son of Daniel & Mary Evans Evans, Thomas Pennant (Twmi Dimol) Manchester, England 29 crew Greene, Dr. Thomas William Nassau Liverpool, England 21 crew (ships' doctor) Harris, Thomas Mountain Ash 31 Harris, Sara Mountain Ash 31 wife of Thomas Harris Harris, William Mountain Ash 11 son of Thomas & Sara Harris Harris, John Mountain Ash 6 son of Thomas & Sara Harris Harris, Thomas Mountain Ash 5 son of Thomas & Sara Harris Harris, Daniel Mountain Ash infant son of Thomas & Sara Harris Hughes, Catherine Birkenhead, England 24 Hughes, Griffith Rhosllannerchrugog 36 Hughes, Mary Rhosllannerchrugog 36 wife of Griffith Hughes Hughes, Jane Rhosllannerchrugog 11 daughter of Griffith & Mary Hughes Hughes, Griffith Rhosllannerchrugog 9 son of Griffith & Mary Hughes Hughes, David Rhosllannerchrugog 6 son of Griffith & Mary Hughes Hughes, John Rhosllannerchrugog 30 Hughes, Elizabeth Rhosllannerchrugog 39 wife of John Hughes Hughes, William John Rhosllannerchrugog 10 son of John & Elizabeth Hughes Hughes, Myfanwy Mary Rhosllannerchrugog 4 son of John & Elizabeth Hughes Hughes, John Samuel Rhosllannerchrugog 2 son of John & Elizabeth Hughes Hughes, Henry Rhosllannerchrugog 1 son of John & Elizabeth Hughes Hughes (Cadfan), Hugh J. Liverpool, England 41 Hughes, Elizabeth Liverpool, England 40 wife of Hugh Hughes Hughes, Jane Liverpool, England 20 daughter of Hugh & Elizabeth Hughes Hughes, David Liverpool, England 6 son of Hugh & Elizabeth Hughes Hughes, Llewelyn Liverpool, England 4 son of Hugh & Elizabeth Hughes Hughes, Richard Caernarfon 20 Hughes, William Anglesey 32 Hughes, Jane Anglesey 32 wife of William Hughes Hughes, Jane Anglesey infant daughter of William & Jane Hughes Hughes, William Abergynolwyn 33 widower, married Ann Lewis on board Humphreys, Morris Ganllwyd, Dolgellau 27 Humphreys, Elizabeth Harriet Ganllwyd, Dolgellau 21 wife of Maurice Humphreys Humphreys, Lewis Ganllwyd, Dolgellau 27 Humphreys, John Ganllwyd, Dolgellau 22 Huws, Rhydderch Manchester, England 33 Huws, Sara Manchester, England 37 wife of Rhydderch Huws Huws, Meurig Manchester, England 4 son of Rhydderch & Sara Huws Jenkins, Aaron Mountain Ash 35 Jenkins, Rachel Mountain Ash 32 née Evans Jenkins, James Mountain Ash 2 son of Aaron & Rachel Jenkins, died on board Jenkins, Richard Mountain Ash 1 son of Aaron & Rachel Jenkins Jenkins, Rachel daughter of Aaron & Rachel Jenkins, born on board Jenkins, Thomas Mountain Ash 23 Jenkins, William Mountain Ash 18 John, David Mountain Ash 31 John, Mary Ann Aberdare 24 Jones, Evan Aberdare 19 son of Eleanor Davies (1st marriage) Jones, Thomas Aberdare 15 son of Eleanor Davies (1st marriage) Jones, David Aberdare 13 son of Eleanor Davies (1st marriage) Jones, Elizabeth Aberdare 12 daughter of Eleanor Davies (1st marriage) Jones, Elizabeth Mountain Ash Jones, Anne Bethesda 23 Jones, George Liverpool, England 16 Jones, David Liverpool, England 18 Jones, James Mountain Ash 27 Jones, Sarah Mountain Ash 24 wife of James Jones Jones, Mary Anne Mountain Ash 3 daughter of James & Sarah Jones Jones, James Mountain Ash 1 son of James & Sarah Jones Jones, John Mountain Ash 61 Jones, Elizabeth Mountain Ash 53 Jones, Richard (Berwyn) New York, USA 27 crew (purser) Jones, Richard Mountain Ash 21 son of John & Elizabeth Jones Jones, Ann Mountain Ash 18 daughter of John & Elizabeth Jones Jones, Margaret Mountain Ash 14 daughter of John & Elizabeth Jones Jones, John (jnr) Mountain Ash 28 Jones, Mary Mountain Ash 27 née Morgan, wife of John Jones (jnr) Jones, Morgan son of John & Mary Jones, born on board The Mimosa Jones, Thomas Harries Mountain Ash 16 Jones, Joseph Seth Denbigh 20 Jones, Joshua Cwmaman, Aberdare 22 Lewis Jones Liverpool, England 28 advance party Jones, Ellen Liverpool, England 25 wife of Lewis Jones, advance party Jones, Mary Mountain Ash 22 Jones, Stephen Caernarfon 18 Jones (Bedol), William R. Bala 31 Jones, Catherine Bala 31 wife of William R. Jones Jones, Mary Ann Bala 4 daughter of William R. & Catherine Jones Jones, Jane Bala 1 daughter of William R. & Catherine Jones Lewis, Anne Abergynolwyn 35 née Pugh, widow, married William Hughes on board Lewis, Mary Mountain Ash Matthews, Abraham Aberdare 32 Matthews, Gwenllian Aberdare 23 wife of Abraham Matthews Matthews, Mary Annie Aberdare 1 Morgan, John Pen-y-Garn, Aberystwyth 29 Nagle, Robert Birkenhead, England, 22 crew (passenger steward) Owen, Ann Liverpool, England Price, Edward Liverpool, England 41 Price, Martha Liverpool, England 38 wife of Edward Price Price, Edward Liverpool, England 16 son of Edward & Martha Price Price, Martha Liverpool, England 2 daughter of Edward & Martha Price Price, Griffith Ffestiniog 27 Pritchard, Elizabeth Holyhead 20 Rhys, James Berry Ffestiniog 23 Rhys, William Thomas Tregethin 25 Richards, William Mountain Ash 19 Roberts, Edwyn Cynrig Nannerch & Wigan, England 27 advance party Roberts, Elizabeth Bangor, Wales 19 Roberts, Grace Bethesda 25 Roberts, John Moelwyn Ffestiniog 20 Roberts, John, Ffestiniog 27 Roberts, Mary Ffestiniog 27 wife of John Roberts Roberts, Mary Ffestiniog daughter of John & Mary Roberts Roberts, Thomas Ffestiniog 2 son of John & Mary Roberts Roberts, John Ffestiniog infant son of John & Mary Roberts Roberts, William Seacombe, Liverpool, England 17 Solomon, Griffith Ffestiniog 23 Solomon, Elizabeth Ffestiniog 30 wife of Griffith Solomon Solomon, Elizabeth Ffestiniog 1 daughter of Griffith & Elizabeth Solomon, died on board Thomas, John Murray Bridgend, Wales 17 Thomas, Robert Bangor, Wales 29 Thomas, Mary Bangor, Wales 30 wife of Robert Thomas Thomas, Mary Bangor, Wales 5 daughter of Robert & Mary Thomas Thomas, Catherine Jane Bangor, Wales 2 daughter of Robert & Mary Thomas, died on board Thomas, Thomas Mountain Ash 26 Williams, Amos Bangor, Wales 25 crew (passenger cook) Williams, Eleanor Bangor, Wales 24 wife of Amos Williams Williams, Elizabeth Bangor, Wales daughter of Amos & Eleanor Williams Williams, Dafydd Aberystwyth Williams, Jane Liverpool, England 24 Williams, John Birkenhead, England 36 Williams, Elizabeth Birkenhead, England 31 wife of John Williams Williams, John Birkenhead, England 4 son of John & Elizabeth Williams Williams, Elizabeth Birkenhead, England 2 daughter of John & Elizabeth Williams Williams, Watkin W. Pritchard Birkenhead, England 33 Williams, Elizabeth Louisa Birkenhead, England 30 Williams, Watkin Wesley Birkenhead, England 27 Williams, Catherine Birkenhead, England Williams, Robert Meirion Llanfairfechan 51 Williams, Richard Howell Llanfairfechan 18 son of Robert Meirion Williams Williams, Thomas Mountain Ash 60 Williams, Mary, Mountain Ash 55 Williams, William Liverpool, England 20 Wood, Elizabeth Liverpool, England 11
- Susan Wilkinson - Mimosa: the life & times of the ship that sailed to Patagonia (Y Lolfa, 2007)
- Susan Wilkinson - Mimosa's Voyages: Official Logs, Crew List and Masters (Y Lolfa, 2007)
- Welsh Tract
- Welsh colonization of the Americas
- ^ a b Wilkinson, Susan (2007). Mimosa: the life & times of the ship that sailed to Patagonia. Talibont, Ceredigion [Wales]: Ylolfa. pp. 57–60, 69. ISBN 9780862439521. http://books.google.com/books?id=OscUpqaBzPoC&lpg=PA31&dq=mimosa%20clipper&pg=PA57#v=onepage&q=mimosa%20clipper&f=false. Retrieved Feb. 15, 2011.
- ^ Aberdeen City Council (2010). "Aberdeen Built Ships". Aberdeen Ships, Mimosa. http://www.aberdeenships.com/single.asp?searchFor=mimosa&index=100108. Retrieved Feb. 15, 2011.
- ^ Buenos Aires Herald, Sep 1998
- ^ "Wales and Argentina". Wales.com website. Welsh Assembly Government. 2008. http://www.wales.com/en/content/cms/english/wales_and_argentina/wales_and_argentina.aspx. Retrieved 24 December 2010.
- ^ Berresford Ellis, Peter (1983). The Celtic revolution: a study in anti-imperialism. Talybont: Y Lolfa. pp. 175–178. ISBN 0-86243-096-8. http://books.google.com/books?id=cfQRcvqSW7UC&pg=PA176&dq=%22Y+Wladfa%22&hl=en&ei=JHnxTKLJNaqqhAfrj8GDDA&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=2&ved=0CCgQ6AEwAQ#v=onepage&q=%22Y%20Wladfa%22&f=false.
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