Conceptual blending

Conceptual Blending (aka Conceptual Integration) is a general theory of cognition.[1] According to this theory, elements and vital relations from diverse scenarios are "blended" in a subconscious process known as Conceptual Blending, which is assumed to be ubiquitous to everyday thought and language. Insights obtained from these blends constitute the products of creative thinking, though conceptual blending theory is not itself a theory of creativity, inasmuch as it does not illuminate the issue of where the inputs to a blend actually come from. Blending theory does provide a rich terminology for describing the creative products of others, but has little to say on the inspiration that serves as the starting point for each blend.

The theory of Conceptual Blending was developed by Gilles Fauconnier and Mark Turner. The development of this theory began in 1993 and a representative early formulation is found in their online article Conceptual Integration and Formal Expression. Mark Turner and Gilles Fauconnier cite Arthur Koestler´s 1964 book The Act of Creation as an early forerunner of conceptual blending: Koestler had identified a common pattern in creative achievements in the arts, sciences and humor that he had termed "bisociation of matrices" - a notion he described with many striking examples, but did not formalize in algorithmic terms.[2] Conceptual Blending theory is also not formalized at the level of algorithmic detail, but its various optimality principles provide some guidance for those building computational models.

A newer version of blending theory, with somewhat different terminology, was presented in their book The Way We Think (ISBN 0-465-08786-8). Their theory is partially based on basic ideas advanced by George Lakoff in his 1987 book Women, Fire and Dangerous Things and in Lakoff's coauthored 1980 book with Mark Johnson Metaphors We Live By. It is also related to Cognitive architecture theories like Soar and ACT-R, and to frame-based theories of Marvin Minsky, Jaime Carbonell among others.

See also

Nicolas P. Rougier's rendering of the human brain.png Thinking portal


  1. ^ No single cognitive theory has yet been able to cover any significant fraction of the phenomena of human cognition, but some claim[citation needed] that, as of late 2005, conceptual blending was rising in prominence among such theories. In his book "The Literary Mind" (Oxford University Press 1996), conceptual blending theorist Mark Turner states that "Conceptual blending is a fundamental instrument of the every day mind, used in our basic construal of all our realities, from the social to the scientific." (p. 93)
  2. ^ Mark Turner, Gilles Fauconnier: The Way We Think. Conceptual Blending and the Mind's Hidden Complexities. New York: Basic Books 2002, p. 37

External links

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Conceptual metaphor — In cognitive linguistics, conceptual metaphor, or cognitive metaphor, refers to the understanding of one idea, or conceptual domain, in terms of another, for example, understanding quantity in terms of directionality (e.g. prices are rising ). A… …   Wikipedia

  • Conceptual system — A conceptual system is a system that is composed of non physical objects, i.e. ideas or concepts. In this context a system is taken to mean an interrelated, interworking set of objects . Contents 1 Overview 1.1 Examples 2 Related topics …   Wikipedia

  • Computational creativity — (also known as artificial creativity, mechanical creativity or creative computation) is a multidisciplinary endeavour that is located at the intersection of the fields of artificial intelligence, cognitive psychology, philosophy, and the arts.… …   Wikipedia

  • Poética Cognitiva — La Poética Cognitiva (llamada también Teoría Literaria Cognitiva, Crítica Cognitiva, Estilística Cognitiva, o Historicismo Neural Neural Historicism por su relación sonora con New Historicism, Neohistoricismo) es un movimiento de teoría literaria …   Wikipedia Español

  • Concept — For other uses, see Concept (disambiguation). A concept (substantive term: conception) is a cognitive unit of meaning an abstract idea or a mental symbol sometimes defined as a unit of knowledge, built from other units which act as a concept s… …   Wikipedia

  • Creativity — For other uses of Creativity , see Creativity (disambiguation). Human intelligence Abilities and Traits Abstract thought Communication  …   Wikipedia

  • Концептуальное смешение — Эта статья или раздел нуждается в переработке. Пожалуйста, улучшите статью в соответствии с правилами написания статей …   Википедия

  • Gilles Fauconnier — (né le 19 août 1944) est un linguiste français, chercheur et auteur en science cognitive. Il travaille actuellement aux États Unis, où il est professeur à l Université de Californie à San Diego (UCSD), au département de Science cognitive.… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Mark Turner (cognitive scientist) — Mark Turner (born 1954) is a cognitive scientist, linguist, and author. He is Institute Professor and Professor of Cognitive Science at Case Western Reserve University,[1] where he was for two years Dean of the College of Arts and Sciences. He… …   Wikipedia

  • Gilles Fauconnier — (pronounced|ʒil fokɔˈnje) (born August 19, 1944) is a French linguist, researcher in cognitive science, and author, currently working in the U.S.. He is a professor at the University of California, San Diego in the Department of Cognitive Science …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.