Prodidomidae

Taxobox
regnum = Animalia
phylum = Arthropoda
classis = Arachnida
ordo = Araneae
subordo = Araneomorphae
superfamilia = Gnaphosoidea
familia = Prodidomidae
familia_authority =
diversity_link = List of Prodidomidae species
diversity = 31 genera, 303 species
range_



range_map_width = 250px
subdivision_ranks = Genera
subdivision = see text

The Prodidomidae are a spider family with about 300 species in 31 genera. They are sometimes called Long-Spinneret Ground Spiders.

This family is part of the superfamily Gnaphosoidea. They are easily identified by the greatly elongated base of the piriform gland spigots. At least parts of their body are covered with shiny scales or setae. The posterior median eyes are flat and silvery, with a triangular, egg-shaped or irregularly rectangular shape.Barbara Baehr: [http://www.australasian-arachnology.org/arachnology/araneae/prodidomidae/ Prodidomidae] ]

Biology

Prodidomidae are ground dwellers. Most species are nocturnal and hide during the day in litter, but "Myandra", which are probably mimicking ants, seems to be active during the day.The genus "Zimiris" is synanthropic and thus found worldwide in the tropics.

Distribution

Although "Theuma walteri" was described from Turkmenistan by Eugène Simon, it is suspected that Simon accidentally exchanged its locality with that of "Anagraphis pallens" (Gnaphosidae); then "T. walteri" would have been collected in the Cape of Good Hope, while "A. pallens" is from Turmenistan.Platnick & Baehr 2006]

ystematics

The Prodidomidae are considered "higher gnaphosoids", together with the Lamponidae and Gnaphosidae. These share anterior lateral spinnerets consisting of only a single article, while the lower gnaphosoids retain a separate, complete distal article that is represented by an entire, subdistal ring of sclerotized cuticle.

Genera

* "Anagrina" Berland, 1920Africa
* "Austrodomus" Lawrence, 1947South Africa
* "Caudalia" Alayón, 1980Cuba
* "Chileomma" Platnick, Shadab & Sorkin, 2005Chile
* "Chileuma" Platnick, Shadab & Sorkin, 2005 — Chile
* "Chilongius" Platnick, Shadab & Sorkin, 2005 — Chile
* "Cryptoerithus" Rainbow, 1915Australia
* "Eleleis" Simon, 1893 — South Africa
* "Encoptarthria" Main, 1954 — Australia
* "Katumbea" Cooke, 1964Tanzania
* "Lygromma" Simon, 1893Costa Rica to Brazil, Galapagos
* "Lygrommatoides" Strand, 1918Japan
* "Molycria" Simon, 1887 — Australia
* "Moreno" Mello-Leitão, 1940 — Chile, Argentina
* "Myandra" Simon, 1887 — Australia
* "Namundra" Platnick & Bird, 2007 — Africa
* "Neozimiris" Simon, 1903 — USA, Mexico, Panama, Galapagos, Bahamas
* "Nomindra" Platnick & Baehr, 2006 — Australia
* "Oltacloea" Mello-Leitão, 1940 — Brazil, Argentina
* "Plutonodomus" Cooke, 1964 — Tanzania
* "Prodida" Dalmas, 1919Philippines, Seychelles
* "Prodidomus" Hentz, 1847Mediterranean, Africa, Australia, Asia, Venezuela, Hawai'i
* "Purcelliana" Cooke, 1964 — South Africa
* "Theuma" Simon, 1893 — Africa, Turkmenistan?
* "Theumella" Strand, 1906Ethiopia
* "Tivodrassus" Chamberlin & Ivie, 1936 — Mexico
* "Tricongius" Simon, 1892South America
* "Wesmaldra" Platnick & Baehr, 2006 — Australia
* "Wydundra" Platnick & Baehr, 2006 — Australia, Malaysia, Moluccas
* "Zimirina" Dalmas, 1919Spain, Algeria, Canary Islands, South Africa
* "Zimiris" Simon, 1882Circumtropical

ee also

* List of Prodidomidae species
* Spider families

Footnotes

References

* (2002): A revision of the Australasian ground spiders of the family Prodidomidae (Araneae, Gnaphosoidea). "Bulletin of the AMNH" 298. [http://digitallibrary.amnh.org/dspace/bitstream/2246/5788/1/B298a01.pdf PDF (15MB)] - [http://digitallibrary.amnh.org/dspace/handle/2246/5788 Abstract] (with keys to subfamilies and genera, and picture)
* (2004): A Revision of the Widespread Spider Genus "Zimiris" (Araneae, Prodidomidae). "American Museum Novitates" 3450. [http://diglib1.amnh.org/novitates/i0003-0082-3450-01-0001.pdf PDF]
* (2006): A revision of the Australasian ground spiders of the family Prodidomidae (Araneae, Gnaphosoidea). "Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History" 298: 1-287. [http://digitallibrary.amnh.org/dspace/bitstream/2246/5788/1/B298a01.pdf PDF]
* (2008): [http://research.amnh.org/entomology/spiders/catalog/index.html The world spider catalog] , version 8.5. "American Museum of Natural History".

External links

* [http://www.australasian-arachnology.org/arachnology/araneae/prodidomidae/ Picture of "Molycria flavipes"]


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